|Askham Richard shown within North Yorkshire|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Askham Richard is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of City of York in the north of England, six and a half miles south-west of York, close to Copmanthorpe, Bilbrough and Askham Bryan. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 Census was 351. Prior to 1996 it formed part of the district of Selby. The village became a Conservation Area in 1975. Nearby is Askham Bryan College of Agriculture.
The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book. The name comes from ascam or ascha meaning "enclosure of ash-tree". It has been also known as "Little" or "West" Askham". The "Richard" in the village name is reputed to be that of Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall.
The villages of Askham Richard and close-by Askham Bryan were once just one manor around the time of Edward the Confessor and belonged to Edwin, Earl of Mercia. When Edwin's lands were confiscated by the William the Conqueror, the village was granted to Roger de Mowbray who then passed the Manor to his friend, William de Tykhill, a former Warden of Foss Bridge.
Askham Bryan lies in the Rural West York Ward of the City of York Unitary Authority. As of the 2011 elections it is represented by Councillors Ian Gillies, Paul Healey and Chris Steward who are all members of the local Conservative Party. It is also a part of the UK Parliamentary Constituency of York Outer as well as the EU region of Yorkshire and the Humber.
Within the village is Her Majesty's Prison Askham Grange. Also in the village is the Rose and Crown pub. There are three farms, but the remainder are dwellings. The nearby Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture provides some local employment.
Utopia coaches service 37 stops in the village which is on the Tadcaster to York route.
Primary education is catered for at St. Mary Church of England primary school. Nearby is Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture. The college was originally known as the Yorkshire Institute of Agriculture, which opened in 1948. It became Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture 19 years later. It now includes equine management, animal management, land management, business, food production, engineering and bioscience.
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- "Civil parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- "Origin of Name". Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- "Village Name". Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- "Village name". Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- "Nobility" (PDF). Retrieved 6 November 2010.
- Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 863. ISBN 1-86150-299-0.
- "Councillors". Retrieved 6 November 2010.
- "Population 1848". Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- "Askham Grange Prison". H.M.Prison. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- "Bus Service for route 37" (PDF). Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- "Education". Retrieved 6 November 2010.
- Historic England. "Church of St Mary (Grade II*) (1316686)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- "Church". Retrieved 4 December 2010.
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