Asle Toje

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Asle Toje (born February 16, 1974) is a Norwegian foreign policy scholar and commentator. He is the Research Director at the Norwegian Nobel Institute. Toje is a regular contributor to the Norwegian foreign policy debate, including as a regular columnist in the Dagens Næringsliv and Bergens Tidende. Toje has family roots on the island of Utsira. He grew up at Byremo and in Drøbak.

Toje is a proponent of Neoclassical realism. In the Norwegian foreign policy discourse he has been a proponent of limited government, a free market economy, and social conservatism. He has been a spokesman for a strong defense and close ties to U.S. foreign policy in the same tradition as Radosław Sikorski and Anders Fogh Rasmussen.

Academic career[edit]

Asle Toje was educated at universities in Oslo and Tromsø before going on to study international relations (Dr. Phil.) at Pembroke College, Cambridge where he graduated in 2006.

He studied under Kenneth Waltz when he stayed as Fulbright Fellow by Columbia University 2004-2005 and was research associate at the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies 2007-2008. In 2008, Toje was a visiting scholar at the European Union Institute for Security Studies in Paris.

As an academic, Toje is best known for having developed "transatlantic bargain" thesis where he argues that the United States 's presence through the NATO and European integration in the shape of EU is an integrated complex. Geir Lundestad wrote "A thoroughly enjoyable read". He continued: "The fact that NATO and the EU need to be seen together is a point that is well made, especially with regards to enlargement."[1]

In 2010 Toje published the book The European Union as a small power - after the post Cold War which received warm reviews from Robert Kagan who writes: "The great strength of Asle's Toje Absorbing, detailed and much-Needed study is to show What role the European Union Might Be Expected to play under multipolarity."

Philip Stephens of The Financial Times writes: "In a striking analysis of foreign and security policy hum the opening Decade of the century, Asle Toje, a scholar that Norway's Nobel Institute, concludes That Europe Has Been showing all the Characteristics of a small power - or Rather of a series of small powers as The Limited Influence of the Union co-exists with the constrained power of France, Britain and Germany."[2] The Economist chose the book as one of its "Recommended Reading for the beach".[3]



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