Aslim Taslam

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Purported letter sent by Prophet Muhammad to Heraclius, emperor of Byzantium

Aslim Taslam (Arabic: أسلم تسلم‎) is a phrase meaning "submit (to God i.e. by accepting Islam) and you will get salvation",[1] taken from the letters sent by the Islamic prophet Muhammad to various kings and rulers in which he urged them to convert to Islam.[2][3]

Letters of Muhammad[edit]

Muhammad, according to the usually told Islamic historiography, sent ambassadors with such letters to Heraclius the emperor of Eastern Roman Empire, Chosroes II the emperor of Persia, the Negus of Ethiopia,[4] Muqawqis the ruler of Egypt, Harith Gassani the governor of Syria and Munzir ibn Sawa the ruler of Bahrain.

Muhammad's Letter to the King of Oman, Jaifer, and his Brother Abd Al-Jalandi -

In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful:

From Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah to Jaifer and ‘Abd Al-Jalandi - Peace be upon him who follows true guidance; thereafter I invite both of you to the Call of Islam. Embrace Islam. Allah has sent me as a Prophet to all His creatures in order that I may instill fear of Allah in the hearts of His disobedient creatures so that there may be left no excuse for those who deny Allah. If you two accept Islam, you will remain in command of your country; but if you refuse my Call, then all your possessions are perishable. My horsemen will appropriate your land, and my Prophethood will assume control over your kingship. [5]

The account as transmitted by Muslim historians of the letter to Heraclius reads as follows[6]

Western Translation[edit]

Arabic original[edit]

Similar Letters of Leaders from Muslim countries[edit]

On September 17, 2006, in response to the Pope Benedict XVI Islam controversy, characterized by Gazan clerics as "the result of his hatred for Islam and not the result of ignorance." one of them, Sheikh Imad Hamato, called on the pope to "repent and ask for forgiveness" and said: "We want to use the words of the Prophet Muhammad and tell the pope: aslim taslam." [3]

In May 2006, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, sent a similar letter to former US President George W. Bush saying aslim taslam. [10]

Osama bin Laden sent a handful of such letters both to USA and Europe saying aslim taslam [10][11]

Adam Gadahn, an American-born Muslim convert from Al Qaeda, sent a video to the American people and said aslim taslam.[12]

Egyptian Cleric Hassan Abu Al-Ashbal issued a similar statement aslim taslam to President Barack Obama. [13][14]

Hizb ut-Tahrir Indonesia spokesperson, Ismail Yusanto said to Nikolas van Dam, the Dutch ambassador for Indonesia that the Dutch government is responsible for the Fitna (film) of Geert Wilders and said aslim taslam. [15]

Critical responses[edit]

In response to the aslim taslam invitation to submit to God by Islam, the Italian author and journalist Oriana Fallaci asserted the rejoinder "lan astaslem" (Arabic: لن استسلم‎) meaning "I will never surrender/I will never submit/I will never be a Muslim".[16] [17] Michelle Malkin has taken up this slogan as a response to the WTC terrorist attacks[18] [19] [20]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Abidullah Ghazi & Tasneema K Ghazi, Teachings of Our Prophet: A selection of Hadith for Children, IQRA International Education, p. 3.
  2. ^ Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 52, Number 196
  3. ^ a b "Gazans warn pope to accept Islam". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved March 3, Khaled Abu Toameh September 18, 2006
  4. ^ "Lettre de Mohammad, au Négus Al Asham, Roi d'Abyssinie". aslim-taslam. Retrieved March 3, Sajida M
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b Nadia Maria El-Cheikh, "Muhammad and Heraclius: A Study in Legitimacy", Studia Islamica, No. 89. (1999), p. 5-21.
  7. ^ Sahih Bukhari 1.1.6
  8. ^ a b Gerrit Jan Reinink, Rijksuniversiteit Te Groningen, "The Reign of Heraclius (610-641): crisis and confrontation", Peeters Publishers (2002), ISBN 90-429-1228-6, p. 125-128.
  9. ^ At-Tabari, Tarikh al-umam wal-muluk
  10. ^ a b Henryk M. Broder, Hurra, wir kapitulieren! Von der Lust am Einknicken (“Hurray, we are capitulating! About the lust to bend over backwards”,) Berlin 2006, pp. 71-90
  11. ^ Bruce Lawrence, Messages to the World: The Statements of Osama Bin Laden, London/New York 2005
  12. ^ "Video: Al Qaeda tells U.S. to convert or die". HotAir. Archived from the original on 26 March 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2009.September 2, 2006
  13. ^ "Egyptian Cleric Hassan Abu Al-Ashbal Calls on President-Elect Obama to Convert to Islam". MEMRI. Retrieved March 3, 2009.November 27, 2009
  14. ^ "Egyptian Cleric Hassan Abu Al-Ashbal Calls on President-Elect Obama to Convert to Islam". MEMRI. Archived from the original on 12 February 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2009.November 27, 2008
  15. ^ "Dutch Government must be held accountable over Fitna". Hizb ut-Tahrir. April 4, 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2009.
  16. ^ Oriana Fallaci, The Rage and The Pride (La Rabbia e l'Orgoglio), 2001.
  17. ^ "Oriana Fallaci, R.I.P., and the Religion of Perpetual Outrage". Archived from the original on 16 October 2006. Retrieved October 14, 2006. by Michelle Malkin September 15, 2006
  18. ^ "9/11 pledge: "I will not submit". Archived from the original on 16 October 2006. Retrieved October 14, 2006. by Michelle Malkin September 11, 2006
  19. ^ "9/11 pledge: "I will not submit"". Michelle Malkin. Archived from the original on 27 February 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2009. by Michelle Malkin September 11, 2006
  20. ^ "Seven years later: Remembrance and resolve". Michelle Malkin. Retrieved March 3, 2009. by Michelle Malkin September 11, 2008