Jahangir in 2010
|United Nations Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in Iran|
1 November 2016 – 11 February 2018
|Preceded by||Ahmed Shaheed|
|Succeeded by||Javaid Rehman|
|President of Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan|
27 October 2010 – 31 October 2012
|Preceded by||Qazi Anwar|
|Succeeded by||Rasheed A Rizvi|
|Head of Human Rights Commission of Pakistan|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Zohra Yusuf|
27 January 1952
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
|Died||11 February 2018 (aged 66)|
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
|Cause of death||Brain hemorrhage|
|Children||Munizae, Sulema and Jilani Jahangir; grandchildren Natasha and Leah|
|Alma mater||Punjab University (LL.B.)|
Kinnaird College (BA)
|Profession||Lawyer, Human Rights Activist|
Martin Ennals Award (1995)
Ramon Magsaysay Award (2005)
Leo Eitinger Award (2002)
Four Freedoms Award (2010)
Right Livelihood Award, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights (2018)
Nishan-e-Imtiaz (2018) (Posthumously)
Asma Jilani Jahangir (Urdu: عاصمہ جہانگیر, translit. ʿĀṣimah Jahāṉgīr; 27 January 1952 – 11 February 2018) was a Pakistani human rights lawyer and social activist who co-founded and chaired the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan. Jahangir was known for playing a prominent role in the Lawyers' Movement and served as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief and as a trustee at the International Crisis Group.
Born and raised in Lahore, Jahangir studied at the Convent of Jesus and Mary before receiving her B.A. from Kinnaird and LLB from the Punjab University in 1978. In 1980, she was called to the Lahore High Court, and to the Supreme Court in 1982. In the 1980s, Jahangir became a democracy activist and was imprisoned in 1983 for participating in the Movement for the Restoration of Democracy against the military regime of Zia-ul-Haq. In 1986, she moved to Geneva, and became the vice-chair of the Defence for Children International and remained until 1988 when she returned to Pakistan.
In 1987, Jahangir co-founded the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan and became its Secretary-General. In 1993, she was elevated as the commission's chairperson. She was again put under house arrest in November 2007 after the imposition of emergency. After serving as one of the leaders of the Lawyers' Movement, she became Pakistan's first woman to serve as the President of Supreme Court Bar Association. She co-chaired South Asia Forum for Human Rights and was the vice president of International Federation for Human Rights. Jahangir served as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion from August 2004 to July 2010, including serving on the U.N. panel for inquiry into Sri Lankan human rights violations and on a fact-finding mission on Israeli settlements. In 2016, she was named as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Iran, remaining till until her death in February 2018.
Jahangir is the recipient of several awards including the 2014 Right Livelihood Award (along with Edward Snowden), 2010 Freedom Award, Hilal-i-Imtiaz in 2010, Sitara-i-Imtiaz, Ramon Magsaysay Award in 2005, 1995 Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders, and the UNESCO/Bilbao Prize for the Promotion of a Culture of Human Rights. She was awarded a Legion of Honour by France, and in 2016 the University of Pennsylvania Law School awarded her a honorary degree. Her writings include The Hudood Ordinance: A Divine Sanction? and Children of a Lesser God.
Jahangir was born into a prosperous and politically active Kakazai Pashtun family with a history of activism and human rights work. Her father, Malik Ghulam Jilani, was a civil servant who entered politics upon retirement and spent years both in jail and under house arrest for opposing military dictatorships. Malik was imprisoned on several occasions for his outspoken views, which included denouncing the Pakistani government for genocide during their military action in what is now Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan).
Her mother, Begum Sabiha Jilani (1927–2012), was educated at a co-ed college named Forman Christian College situated in Lahore, at a time when few Muslim women even received higher education. Sabiha also fought the traditional system, pioneering her own clothing business until her family's lands were confiscated in 1967 as a result of her husband's opinions and detention.
Jahangir herself became involved at a young age in protests against the military regime as well as opposing her father's detention by then president, Benazir Bhutto's father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1972. She received her B.A. from Kinnaird College, Lahore and her law degree in 1978, and her Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree from Punjab University. She also holds an honorary doctorate from University of St. Gallen in Switzerland., Queens University, Canada, Simon Fraser University, Canada and Cornell University, United States. She was married and had a son and two daughters, Munizae Jahangir, a journalist and Sulema Jahangir, who is also a lawyer.
She spent her career defending the human and women's rights, rights of religious minorities and children in Pakistan. Jahangir was a staunch critic of the Hudood Ordinance and blasphemy laws of Pakistan put in place as part of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq's Islamization program in Pakistan. She was a founding member of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, and served as Secretary-General and later Chairperson of the organisation.
In 1980, Jahangir and her sister, Hina Jilani, got together with fellow activists and lawyers to form the first law firm established by women in Pakistan. In the same year they also helped form the Women’s Action Forum (WAF), a pressure group campaigning against Pakistan's discriminatory legislation, most notably against the Proposed Law of Evidence, where the value of a woman's testimony was reduced to half that of a man's testimony, and the Hadood Ordinances, where victims of rape had to prove their innocence or else face punishment themselves. On 12 February 1983, the Punjab Women Lawyers Association in Lahore organised a public protest (one of its leaders was Jahangir) against the Proposed Law of Evidence, during which Jahangir and other participating WAF members were beaten, teargassed, and arrested by police.
The first WAF demonstration, however, took place in 1983 when some 25–50 women took to the streets protesting the controversial case of Safia Bibi. In 1983, Safia, a blind 13-year-old girl, was raped by her employers, and as a result became pregnant, yet ended up in jail charged with fornication (zina) sentenced to flogging, three years of imprisonment and fined. Jahangir defended Safia in her appeal and eventually the verdict was over-ruled by an appeals court due to pressure and protests. They would say: "We [their law firm] had been given a lot of cases by the advocate general and the moment this demonstration came to light, the cases were taken away from us." In 1982, Jahangir earned the nickname "little heroine" after leading a protest march in Islamabad against a decision by then-president Zia-ul-Haq to enforce religious laws and stated: "Family laws [which are religious laws] give women few rights" and that "They have to be reformed because Pakistan cannot live in isolation. We cannot remain shackled while other women progress".
In 1986, Jahangir and Hina set up AGHS Legal Aid, the first free legal aid centre in Pakistan. The AGHS Legal Aid Cell in Lahore also runs a shelter for women, called 'Dastak', looked after by her secretary Munib Ahmed. She was also a proponent of protecting the rights of persecuted religious minorities in Pakistan and spoke out against forced conversions. Jahangir campaigned against human rights abuses taking place in government and police custody in Pakistan. In a letter to The New York Times, she said that "Women are arrested, raped and sexually assaulted every day in the presence of female constables, who find themselves helpless in such situations".
In 1996, the Lahore High Court ruled that an adult Muslim woman could not get married without the consent of her male guardian (wali). Women, who chose their husbands independently, could be forced to annul their marriages and the repercussions were highlighted by Jahangir, who also took on such cases (i.e. the case of Saima Waheed); "Hundreds have already been arrested. This is simply going to open up the floodgates for the harassment of women and girls by their families and the authorities. The courts have sanctioned their oppression. Thousands more are bound to be affected by this."
Jahangir demanded that the government of Parvez Musharraf work to improve the record of human rights domestically. Citing examples of human rights abuses, she wrote, "A Hindu income tax inspector gets lynched in the presence of the army personnel for allegedly having made a remark on the beard of a trader. Promptly, the unfortunate Hindu government servant is booked for having committed blasphemy, while the traders and the Lashkar-e-Taiba activists were offered tea over parleys. A seventy-year-old Mukhtaran Bibi and her pregnant daughter Samina are languishing in Sheikhupura jail on trumped-up charges of blasphemy".
She was also an active opponent of child labour and capital punishment: "It would be hypocrisy to defend laws I don't believe in, like capital punishment, the blasphemy law and laws against women and in favor of child labor." Asma Jahangir served as the UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial Executions from 1998 to 2004, and as the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion and Belief from 2004 to 2010. In her capacity as a UN official, Jahangir was in Pakistan, when Pervez Musharraf declared a state of emergency in 2007. In November 2006, she participated the international meeting for The Yogyakarta Principles as one of 29 experts. On 5 November 2007, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Louise Arbour indicated that Jahangir was among the judicial and political officials detained by the Musharraf government.
On January 18, 2017, Jahangir became the first Pakistani to deliver the 2017 Amartya Sen Lecture at the London School of Economics, where she called for a counter-narrative of liberal politics to challenge religious intolerance. She added that there was a “large scale impunity” among those who commit crimes in the name of religion, and this has to be addressed at the national as well as the international levels, the rights activist said. “In 1986, Pakistan got the blasphemy law. So, while we had just two cases of blasphemy before that year, now we have thousands. It shows that one should be careful while bringing religion into legislation, because the law itself can become an instrument of persecution,” she added.
In August 2017, Jahangir represented the families of terror convicts sentenced to death by military tribunals before the Supreme Court in Said Zaman Khan v. Federation of Pakistan. Jahangir asked order retrial in all cases in which military courts handed down convictions, including capital punishments, but the Supreme Court unanimously upheld the sentence of the convicts on 29 August 2017.
Asma spoke against the five member Supreme Court judgment which deposed Nawaz Sharif from his premiership. She questioned why members of Inter Services Intelligence and Military intelligence were inducted in Joint Investigation team ferreting out corruption by Sharif's family and his close companions. She questioned how the Panama case five judges would have felt if members of the ISI and MI were inducted in Supreme Judicial Council, a body authorised to punish erring judges. Earlier she had suggested that ousted prime minister would get no relief from Supreme Court but from coming on streets.
In December 2017, Jahangir called for a probe by a parliamentary committee to ascertain as to who was behind the recent Faizabad sit-in. She questioned “We need to know how the army became a guarantor during the agreement between the government and protesters. Why money was distributed among the protesters,”.
In her last case before the Supreme Court, Jahangir appeared for former Member of the National Assembly Rai Hasan Nawaz in Sami Ullah Baloch v. Abdul Karim Nousherwani in February 2018. She argued that there should not be a constant period of electoral disqualification under Article 62(1)(f) of the Constitution, but courts should decide the question according to the conduct of individuals. She said the Supreme Court had held Nawaz Sharif eligible to contest elections in 2009 by deeming him sadiq and ameen, but now it was difficult to understand whether the court had increased the bar of honesty or reduced it.
On 5 November 2007, The Economist reported that "Over 500 lawyers, opposition politicians and human rights activists have been arrested. They include Asma Jahangir, boss of the country's human-rights commission and a former UN special rapporteur. In an e-mail from her house arrest, where she has been placed for 90 days, Ms Jahangir regretted that General Musharraf had 'lost his marbles'".
According to Dawn "many people go ballistic every time her name is mentioned", adding that "a pattern: often wild, unsubstantiated allegations are levelled against her." According to Herald "HRCP in general and Asma Jahangir in particular have also been branded as 'traitors' and 'American agents', trying to malign Pakistan and destroy the country's social and political fabric in the name of women’s rights and the rights of non-Muslims." Commenting on her legal style, Dawn wrote that she used "calculated aggression, wit and sharp one-liners." In the mid-1980s, the Zia-ul-Haq-appointed Majlis-e-Shoora passed a resolution claiming that Jahangir had blasphemed and she should be sentenced to death. She was found not guilty of blasphemy.
Declan Walsh, writing for The Guardian, described Jahangir's career as "for almost four decades she has towered over Pakistan's human rights war." Adding that "she has championed battered wives, rescued teenagers from death row, defended people accused of blasphemy, and sought justice for the victims of honour killings. These battles have won her admirers and enemies in great number." Abbas Nasir has described her as the "gutsiest woman that Pakistan has". William Dalrymple, writing for The New Yorker, described Jahangir as Pakistan's "most visible and celebrated—as well as most vilified—human-rights lawyer", adding that she has "spent her professional life fighting for a secular civil society, challenging the mullahs and generals."
Several conservative and nationalist commenters have written extensively against Jahangir. Ansar Abbasi and Orya Maqbool Jan have been critical of Jahangir. On September 3, 2013, NDTV reported that US intelligence agencies had uncovered evidence of a plot hatched by Pakistani security officials to use militants to kill human rights activist Asma Jahangir in India in May 2012. Jahangir has received numerous threats over the years due to her activism and human rights work and particularly after defending a 14-year-old Christian boy, Salamat Masih, accused of blasphemy and ultimately winning the case in 1995, a mob at the High Court smashed Jahangir's car, assaulted her and her driver, threatening her with death. Jahangir and her family have been attacked, taken hostage, had their home broken into and received death threats ever since, but she continued her battle for justice.
When Jahangir undertook the case of Saima Sarwar in 1999, who was given shelter at Dastak after leaving her husband, wanting a divorce and later gunned down by her family in an act of honour killing, Jahangir received death threats for representing Saima in her divorce proceedings. In May 2005 Jahangir announced that she would hold a symbolic mixed-gender marathon in Lahore to raise awareness about violence against women. This was following the revelations of cases such as Mukhtar Mai. Tensions boiled over, as Islamist groups and supporters of the political Islamist alliance Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) armed with firearms, batons and Molotov cocktails, violently opposed the race, and Jahangir received especially rough treatment from local police and intelligence agents, who began to strip off her clothes in public. Of this Jahangir said "A lot of people tried to cover my back because I could only feel it I could not see my back. When they were putting me on the police van, they assured that my photograph was taken while my back was bare. This was just to humiliate, this was simply just to humiliate me." A police officer told Jahangir that they had orders to be strict and to tear off the participant's clothes. In addition she along with other participants was also beaten.
In addition to many publications, Jahangir has authored two books: Divine Sanction? The Hudood Ordinance (1988, 2003) and Children of a Lesser God: Child Prisoners of Pakistan (1992). One of her major publications is titled "Whither are We!" and was published in Dawn, on 2 October 2000.
- In 1995, Jahangir received the Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders as well as the Ramon Magsaysay Award for "greatness of spirit shown in service of the people".
- In 2000, she received the King Baudouin International Development Prize as chair of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan
- In 2001, Jahangir and her sister Hina Jilani were awarded the Millennium Peace Prize by UNIFEM (the United Nations Development Fund for Women) in collaboration with the non-governmental organisation International Alert.
- In 2002 she was awarded the Lisl and Leo Eitinger Prize.
- In 2005, she was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize as part of the 1000 Women for Peace project.
- On 29 May 2010, at the International Four Freedoms Award 2010 Jahangir received the Freedom of Worship Medal for her Human Rights and Religious Freedom activism, in a ceremony held in the Nieuwe Kerk in Middelburg, Holland.
- On 23 March 2010, for services in Human Rights, she was awarded the Hilal-i-Imtiaz, the second highest civilian award of Pakistan.
- On 27 October 2010, she won the Supreme Court Bar Association election by defeating her competitor Ahmed Awais and securing 834 of total votes and became the first ever women President of SCBA in the history of Pakistan. .
- On 10 December 2010, she was awarded with the 2010 UNESCO/Bilbao Prize for the Promotion of a Culture of Human Rights, recognising her efforts as a human rights defender.
- In 2012, she received the North-South Prize of the Council of Europe.
- On 13 April 2013, a video surfaced on the social media showing Asma Jehangir receiving "Friends of Liberation War Honour" award by the Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on behalf of her late father Malik Ghulam Jilani who had supported the liberation war for Bangladesh. The video created quite an uproar in Pakistan.
- On 4 June 2014, she was awarded with the "Stefanus Prize", a Human Rights Prize emphasising the Freedom of Religion or Belief (Article 18 in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.)
- On 1 December 2014, she was awarded The Right Livelihood Award "...for defending, protecting and promoting human rights in Pakistan and more widely, often in very difficult and complex situations and at great personal risk".
- On 26 October 2018, she was awarded United Nations Human Rights Award posthumously for her ontributions that promote & protect human rights 
- She was posthumously awarded Pakistan's highest civilian award, the Nishan-e-Imtiaz in 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Malik, Adnan; Shakir, Riaz (11 February 2018). "Human rights icon Asma Jahangir passes away in Lahore". Geo News. Jang Group of Newspapers. Archived from the original on 11 February 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
- "Leading human rights lawyer Asma Jahangir passes away in Lahore". DAWN.COM. 11 February 2018. Archived from the original on 11 February 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
- Ijaz, Saroop. "Asma Jahangir (1952-2018): The human rights icon from Pakistan was a feisty street fighter". Scroll.in. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
- Asma Jahangir's victory is a cause for celebration Archived 25 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Asma Jahangir: Executive Profile & Biography - Businessweek". Businessweek.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- "DCI calls for the release of political prisoner, Ms Asma Jahangir, former member of DCI's International Executive Council" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 February 2018.
- "Google Groups". groups.google.com. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- Agencies (24 September 2014). "Asma Jahangir, Snowden honoured with 'alternative Nobel'". www.dawn.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- Exclusive, Herald (25 January 2011). "Herald exclusive: An interview with Asma Jahangir". www.dawn.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- Asma Jahangir- World Economic Forum Archived 21 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 16 March 2016
- "International Fact-Finding Mission". www.ohchr.org. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- UN appoints panel for inquiry into Sri Lankan human rights violations Archived 28 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Work of UNSR on Iran » About Asma Jahangir". iransr.org. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
- "Pakistani human rights champion dies". BBC News. 2018-02-11. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
- Fighting for rights: Asma Jehangir receives French honour Archived 4 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- Asma Jahangir – Laureate of the UNESCO/Bilbao Prize for the Promotion of a Culture of Human Rights 2010 Archived 8 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Penn Law to Award Honorary Degree to Asma Jahangir | South Asia Center". www.southasiacenter.upenn.edu. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
- "Asma Jahangir: Executive Profile & Biography - Bloomberg". investing.businessweek.com.
- "Asma Jahangir, Junaid Jamshed, Afridi, Misbah among 141 nominated for Civil Awards". The News.
- "Pakistan set to honour Asma Jahangir, Fidel Castro on March 23 | The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2018-03-17. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
- Mohammed Hanif, Hasan Zaidi (2018-02-18). "THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING ASMA". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
- Friends of Bangladesh 71 (17 January 2016). "Malik Ghulam Jilani, Interviewee: Asma Jahangir (Daughter)". Youtube. Archived from the original on 11 February 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
- "Begum Sabiha Jilani passes away". Dawn. 1 October 2012.
- "Asma Jahangir's mother dies". The News. 1 October 2012.
- EuropaWorld 9/3/2001 Archived 25 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- The 1995 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service Archived 6 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Leadership profile Archived 8 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "John Diefenbaker Defender of Human Rights and Freedom Awards". Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada.
- Prize winner 2002: Asma Jahangir Archived 25 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Asma Jahangir by Laila Kazmi Archived 29 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Women and Children: The Human Rights Relationship – Asia Archived 3 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Fight Hudood, Protect Women By Beena Sarwar Archived 18 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Swat The System Archived 18 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Dawn – The Reviewer, 2 April 1998, "A ray of hope" by Muneeza Shamsie
- Asma Jahangir Archived 2 May 2005 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 16 March 2016
- Asma Jahangir and Hina Jilani Archived 25 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Democracy is Survival for Women Archived 29 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- The New York Times, letter to the editor, 23 September 1992. Cited in Amnesty International (1995). "Women in Pakistan: disadvantaged and denied their human rights"..
- Book: Muslim women and the politics of participation Archived 14 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine by Mahnaz Afkhami, Erika Friedl
- Police exploiting LHC ruling, apex court told: Delay in Saima case affected 250 couples: Asma Archived 25 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- A beacon in Islam's dark age By Yasmin Alibhai-Brown Archived 5 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine 22 October 1996
- Whither are we? Archived 11 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Curb intolerance before it's too late, exhorts Pak rights activist Asma Jahangir". Tribune. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
- "Asma Jahangir". John Diefenbaker Defender of Human Rights and Freedom Awards. Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. 15 March 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- "UN's top rights official voices alarm at imposition of state of emergency". United Nations. 5 November 2007. Archived from the original on 17 November 2007. Retrieved 16 March 2016., Retrieved 16 March 2016
- "Curb intolerance before it's too late, exhorts Pak rights activist Asma Jahangir". Hindustan Times. 18 January 2017. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- Khan, Raza (29 August 2017). "Supreme Court rejects all 16 appeals of terror convicts set to hang". Dawn. Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- Junaidi, Ikram (4 August 2017). "Asma Jahangir lashes out at the powers that be". Dawn. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
- Junaidi, Ikram (17 December 2017). "Asma seeks parliamentary probe into Faizabad sit-in". DAWN.COM. Archived from the original on 20 December 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- Staff Reporter. "SC must not hear cases involving political questions: Asma". Dawn. Dawn Group. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- Malik, Hasnaat. "Heart of Gold: the Asma Jahangir Few Knew". Express Tribune. Express Group. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- "Coup number two". The Economist. 5 November 2007. Archived from the original on 12 November 2008., Retrieved 16 March 2016
- Asma Jahangir: Musharraf has lost his marbles and is targeting progressives Archived 2 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- The Real Musharraf Archived 14 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Asma Jahangir: The street fighter". Herald Magazine. 25 September 2016. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- Walsh, Declan (20 July 2007). "Blood and guts". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- "Days of Rage". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- "Hot debate between Asma jahangir, Orya maqbool jan | Dunya News". video.dunyanews.tv. Archived from the original on 1 March 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- "Pakistan planned to kill human rights activist Asma Jahangir in India: reports". NDTV.com. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- Pakistan: Honour killings of women and girls
- Fourteen-year old Pakistani Christian escapes death penalty on appeal: A chronology Archived 29 July 2012 at Archive.today
- Pakistani Christians Under Attack Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Statement: Prevention of Discrimination against and Protection of Minorities Archived 14 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine United Nations Economic and Social Council, 14 July 1998, Retrieved 10 May 2010
- Pakistan – Attack on Advocate Asma Jahangir By International Commission of Jurists Archived 9 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Speak Truth to Power Defender Archived 1 July 2004 at the Wayback Machine
- Interview 'Pakistan Should Have Taken The Moral High Ground' Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Pakistan: Woman killed for trying to divorce her husband Archived 27 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- Center for Women's Global Leadership – Honor Killings Statement Archived 8 March 2004 at the Wayback Machine
- A question of honour Archived 24 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Amnesty International – Pakistan: Government indifference as lawyers defending women’s rights are threatened with death Archived 11 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- State of human rights Archived 29 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Indepth Pakistan: Land, Gold and Women Part 1: The case of Shazia Khalid Archived 26 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Lahore mixed-run: Government and Shabab-e-Milli are one: Asma Jahangir Archived 6 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Open Library, Retrieved 16 March 2016
- Whither are we? by Asma Jahangir Archived 11 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Adnan Malik; Riaz Shakir (11 February 2018). "Human rights icon Asma Jahangir passes away in Lahore". Geo TV.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 February 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2018.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Masood, Salman (11 February 2018). "Asma Jahangir, Fearless Pakistani Rights Activist, Dies at 66". The New York Times.
- Global Fund for Women Archived 5 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Press release laureates Four Freedoms Awards 2010 Archived 2 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- List of Recipients of Archived 4 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine Sitara-i-Imtiaz Award on Pakistan Day 2010 (civil awards conferred), Retrieved 16 March 2016
- Asma Jahangir wins SCBA elections Archived 31 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 November 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- UNESCO/Bilbao Prize for the Promotion of a Culture of Human Rights Archived 28 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Council of Europe Archived 28 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Bangladeshi Awards on Liberation War- Asma Jahangir, Hamid Mir and Salima Hashmi Under Attack Archived 26 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 16 March 2016
- Stefanus Prize info (Norwegian) Archived 27 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- The Right Livelihood Award Archived 15 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- DAWN News Pakistan Archived 2 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Pakistani lawyer Asma Jahangir wins UN Human Rights Prize posthumously". 26 October 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018 – via The Economic Times.
- "Asma Jahangir, Junaid Jamshed, Afridi, Misbah among 141 nominated for Civil Awards". Retrieved 2018-11-13.