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Asman is the Avestan and Middle Persian name of the Zoroastrian divinity that is the hypostasis of the sky. Asman is the "highest heaven," and is distinguished from the firmament (thwasha), which lies nearer the earth. The 27th day of the Zoroastrian calendar is dedicated to him.
In the Avesta, specifically in the Vendidad, the word is mentioned as being the first thing created. The word is also the origination of the word (آسمان) aasmaan in modern Persian, Urdu and Pashto as well as (ਅਸਮਾਨ) asmaan in Punjabi, (आसमान) in Hindi and (আসমান) in Bengali.
- Gershevitch & Fisher 1985, p. 642
- Gershevitch, Ilya; Fisher, William Bayne (1985). Cambridge History of Iran. Cambridge University Press.
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