Asmara International Airport

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Asmara International Airport
Nasair Eritrea Boeing 737-200-1.jpg
An Eritrean Airlines Boeing 737 at the Asmara International Airport.


ASM is located in Eritrea
Location of airport in Eritrea
Airport type Military/Public
Serves Asmara
Location Asmara, Eritrea
Hub for Nasair Eritrea
Elevation AMSL 7,661 ft / 2,335 m
Coordinates 15°17′30.67″N 38°54′38.40″E / 15.2918528°N 38.9106667°E / 15.2918528; 38.9106667
Direction Length Surface
ft m
07/25 9,842 3,000 Asphalt
12/30 5,951 1,814 Asphalt

Asmara International Airport, formerly known as Yohannes IV International Airport (IATA: ASMICAO: HHAS), is an airport in Asmara, the capital of Eritrea.


The Asmara airport was created by the Italian colonial authorities in 1922, the first such facility to be opened in Italian Eritrea. It served as the main military airport in the territory. In the mid-1930s, the airport (called Aeroporto Civile di Asmara) began offering civilian and commercial flights.

A Sudan government Ilyushin Il-62M at the Asmara International Airport.

On 7 July 1935, an agreement was signed with Brtitish "Imperial Airways" to connect Asmara to Khartoum. A regular Kassala-Khartoum-Asmara-Massawa 770 km commercial route was subsequently started with a Caproni 133 of the Italian Ala Littoria.[1]


During World War II, the airport was nearly destroyed by the British. It was later renovated in the 1950s, and reopened to offer flights to Addis Ababa and other cities in Ethiopia. With Eritrea's independence in the 1990s, the airport became an international portal to the new nation.

In April 2003, after improvements to the airport's runways, Eritrean Airlines started regular services between Asmara and Frankfurt, Milan, Nairobi and Rome.


Facilities of the Asmara International Airport.

The Asmara International Airport is the largest airport in Eritrea.

In 2004, it served 136,526 passengers (+11.8% vs. 2003).

The airport has capacity restrictions due to its small terminal, short runway and 1.5-mile altitude. Consequently, large jet aircraft (like an A380, MD-11 or 747) cannot fly to the airport. Aircraft of this size would instead need to use the Massawa International Airport on the Eritrean coast.


A United Arab Emirates Air Force Boeing C-17A Globemaster III at the Asmara International Airport.
Airlines Destinations
EgyptAir Cairo
Eritrean Airlines Jeddah
flydubai Dubai-International[2]
Nova Airways Khartoum
Qatar Airways Doha[3]
Sudan Airways Khartoum
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk [4]


As of November 2015, "Eritrean Airlines" serves the following destinations from Asmara International Airport:

Country City Airport Name Notes Refs
Egypt Cairo Cairo International Airport [5]
Eritrea Asmara Asmara International Airport Hub [5]
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport Terminated
Italy Milan Malpensa International Airport [5]
Italy Rome Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport Terminated
Saudi Arabia Jeddah King Abdulaziz International Airport [5]
South Africa Cape Town Cape Town International Airport Terminated
South Africa Johannesburg OR Tambo International Airport Terminated
Sudan Khartoum Khartoum International Airport [5]
Sudan Port Sudan Port Sudan New International Airport Terminated
United Arab Emirates Dubai Dubai International Airport [5]


  1. ^ a b Flavio Riccitelli (A.I.D.A.). "ALA LITTORIA S.A. (1934–1941)". Il Postalista. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ "QATAR Airways Adds Asmara Service from Dec 2014". Airline Route. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "Turkish Airlines Adds Asmara Service from late-August 2014". Airline Route. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Eritrean Airlines flight schedule".  Archived 24 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]