Asmara International Airport

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Asmara International Airport
Eritrean Airlines Airbus A320 UR-SDV-3.jpg
IATA: ASMICAO: HHAS
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Serves Asmara, Eritrea
Elevation AMSL 7,661 ft / 2,335 m
Coordinates 15°17′30.67″N 38°54′38.40″E / 15.2918528°N 38.9106667°E / 15.2918528; 38.9106667Coordinates: 15°17′30.67″N 38°54′38.40″E / 15.2918528°N 38.9106667°E / 15.2918528; 38.9106667
Map
ASM is located in Eritrea
ASM
ASM
Location of airport in Eritrea
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
07/25 9,842 3,000 Asphalt
12/30 5,951 1,814 Asphalt

Asmara International Airport, formerly known as Yohannes IV International Airport (IATA: ASMICAO: HHAS), is the international airport of Asmara, the capital of Eritrea, and also the country's largest airport.

History[edit]

The airport was created by the Italian colonial authorities in 1922, the first such facility to be opened in Italian Eritrea. It served as the main military airport in the territory. In the mid-1930s, the airport (called Aeroporto Civile di Asmara) began offering civilian and commercial flights.

On 7 July 1935, an agreement was signed with Brtitish "Imperial Airways" to connect Asmara to Khartoum. A regular Kassala-Khartoum-Asmara-Massawa 770 km commercial route was subsequently started with a Caproni 133 of the Italian Ala Littoria.[1][1]

During World War II, the airport was nearly destroyed by the British. It was later renovated in the 1950s, and reopened to offer flights to Addis Ababa and other cities in Ethiopia. With Eritrea's independence in the 1990s, the airport became an international portal to the new nation.

In April 2003, after improvements to the airport's runways, Eritrean Airlines started regular services between Asmara and Frankfurt, Milan, Nairobi and Rome. In 2004, it served 136,526 passengers (+11.8% vs. 2003).

Facilities[edit]

The airport has capacity restrictions due to its small terminal, short runway and 1.5-mile altitude. Consequently, large jet aircraft (like an A380, MD-11 or 747) cannot fly to the airport. Aircraft of this size would instead need to use the Massawa International Airport on the Eritrean coast.

The airport is also an Eritrean Air Force base.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
EgyptAir Cairo
Eritrean Airlines Cairo, Dubai-International, Jeddah, Khartoum, Milan-Malpensa
flydubai Dubai-International[2]
Nova Airways Khartoum
Qatar Airways Doha[3]
Sudan Airways Khartoum
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk[4]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ a b Flavio Riccitelli (A.I.D.A.). "ALA LITTORIA S.A. (1934–1941)". Il Postalista. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.flydubai.com/en/news/article/flydubai-announces-flights-to-eritreas-capital-asmara/
  3. ^ "QATAR Airways Adds Asmara Service from Dec 2014". Airline Route. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "Turkish Airlines Adds Asmara Service from late-August 2014". Airline Route. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 

External links[edit]