Asotin County, Washington

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Asotin County
Asotin County Courthouse
Asotin County Courthouse
Map of Washington highlighting Asotin County
Location within the U.S. state of Washington
Map of the United States highlighting Washington
Washington's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°11′N 117°11′W / 46.18°N 117.19°W / 46.18; -117.19
Country United States
State Washington
FoundedOctober 27, 1883
SeatAsotin
Largest cityClarkston
Area
 • Total641 sq mi (1,660 km2)
 • Land636 sq mi (1,650 km2)
 • Water4.4 sq mi (11 km2)  0.7%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total22,285
 • Estimate 
(2021)
22,397 Increase
 • Density35/sq mi (14/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Congressional district5th
Websitewww.co.asotin.wa.us

Asotin County (/əˈstən/) is a county in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2020 census, the population was 22,285.[1] The county seat is at Asotin,[2] and its largest city is Clarkston. The county was created out of Garfield County in 1883[3] and derives its name from a Nez Perce word meaning "Eel Creek." Asotin County is part of the Lewiston–Clarkston metropolitan area, which includes Nez Perce County, Idaho, and Asotin County.

History[edit]

The area delineated by the future Washington state boundary began to be colonized at the start of the nineteenth century, both by Americans and Canadians. However, the majority of Canadian exploration and interest in the land was due to the fur trade, whereas American settlers were principally seeking land for agriculture and cattle raising. The Treaty of 1818 provided for dual control of this area by US and Canadian government officials. During this period, the future Washington Territory was divided into two administrative zones: Clark County and Lewis County (made official in 1845).

The dual-control concept was unwieldy and led to continual argument, and occasional conflict. The status of the Washington area was settled in 1846, when the Oregon Treaty ceded the land south of latitude 49 degrees North to American control.

In 1854, Skamania County was split from the original Clark County. Later that year, Walla Walla County was split from the new Skamania County. In 1875, Columbia County was split from Walla Walla County, and in 1881, a portion of Columbia County was set off to form Garfield County. The southeastern portion of Garfield County was partitioned in 1883 to form Asotin County. The 1883 boundary of Asotin has remained unchanged since then.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has an area of 641 square miles (1,660 km2), of which 636 square miles (1,650 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (0.7%) is water.[4] It is the fifth-smallest county in Washington by area. It is part of the Palouse, a wide and rolling prairie-like region of the middle Columbia basin.

Geographic features[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,580
19003,366113.0%
19105,83173.2%
19206,53912.1%
19308,13624.4%
19408,3652.8%
195010,87830.0%
196012,90918.7%
197013,7996.9%
198016,82321.9%
199017,6054.6%
200020,55116.7%
201021,6235.2%
202022,2853.1%
2021 (est.)22,397[5]0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2020[1]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census, there were 21,623 people, 9,236 households, and 5,914 families living in the county.[10] The population density was 34.0 inhabitants per square mile (13.1/km2). There were 9,872 housing units at an average density of 15.5 per square mile (6.0/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 94.3% white, 1.4% American Indian, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.2% Pacific islander, 0.8% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.0% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 32.4% were German, 14.8% were Irish, 13.7% were English, 7.5% were American, and 6.2% were Norwegian.[12]

Of the 9,236 households, 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.0% were non-families, and 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.83. The median age was 43.5 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,665 and the median income for a family was $52,250. Males had a median income of $39,633 versus $28,475 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,731. About 9.9% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.1% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[13]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 20,551 people, 8,364 households, and 5,654 families living in the county. The population density was 32 inhabitants per square mile (12/km2). There were 9,111 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.62% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 1.27% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. 1.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.9% were of German, 12.4% English, 11.9% Irish and 11.0% United States or American ancestry. 97.9% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 8,364 households, out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.40% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.50% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,524, and the median income for a family was $40,592. Males had a median income of $35,810 versus $22,218 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,748. About 11.60% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.70% of those under age 18 and 6.70% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Generally, Asotin County is considered a staunchly Republican area, although it has been known to vote for Democrats, especially on the state level. Currently the county is represented at the county commission level by two Republicans and one Independent.

In the 2004 Presidential election slightly over 60 percent of the vote went to Republican George W. Bush. It was one of 11 of Washington's 39 counties where Bush received a lower percentage of the vote in 2004 than in 2000. Conversely, even though nearly 60 percent of voters selected the Democratic Governor Gary Locke in 2000, in 2004 the Democratic gubernatorial nominee Christine Gregoire received only 41 percent of the vote.

In 2004, 27% of presidential votes were cast from incorporated Clarkston, while 61% was from unincorporated suburbs of Clarkston (34% from Clarkston Heights, 12% from West Clarkston, 9% from South Clarkston, and 6% from Swallows Nest). An additional 6% was cast from the incorporated city of Asotin, with rural areas around Asotin accounting for 4% of the vote and areas around the unincorporated community of Anatone making up 2% of the vote.

By and large, the most competitive areas are Clarkston and its suburbs. Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry won two precincts in 2004, one each in Clarkston and West Clarkston. Bush received 54 percent of the vote in West Clarkston, 55 in Clarkston, and 57 percent in South Clarkston. However, he received larger victories of 64 percent in Clarkston Heights and 67 percent in Swallows Nest. Areas around both Asotin and Anatone delivered 2-to-1 victories, with the lone exception of one of the two incorporated Asotin precincts.

United States presidential election results for Asotin County, Washington[15][16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 7,319 61.24% 4,250 35.56% 382 3.20%
2016 5,741 57.56% 3,134 31.42% 1,099 11.02%
2012 5,654 56.70% 4,003 40.14% 315 3.16%
2008 5,451 55.74% 4,139 42.32% 190 1.94%
2004 5,320 60.55% 3,319 37.78% 147 1.67%
2000 4,909 61.48% 2,736 34.26% 340 4.26%
1996 2,860 39.12% 3,349 45.81% 1,102 15.07%
1992 2,425 31.92% 3,239 42.64% 1,932 25.43%
1988 2,874 45.02% 3,422 53.60% 88 1.38%
1984 3,876 55.21% 3,042 43.33% 103 1.47%
1980 3,275 49.18% 2,724 40.91% 660 9.91%
1976 2,752 47.22% 2,898 49.73% 178 3.05%
1972 2,911 50.36% 2,559 44.27% 310 5.36%
1968 2,307 42.45% 2,693 49.56% 434 7.99%
1964 1,777 32.69% 3,657 67.27% 2 0.04%
1960 2,640 46.00% 3,093 53.89% 6 0.10%
1956 2,608 50.15% 2,586 49.73% 6 0.12%
1952 2,722 55.62% 2,160 44.14% 12 0.25%
1948 1,384 38.63% 2,054 57.33% 145 4.05%
1944 1,367 41.80% 1,888 57.74% 15 0.46%
1940 1,483 41.07% 2,107 58.35% 21 0.58%
1936 916 26.60% 2,261 65.67% 266 7.73%
1932 960 31.45% 1,994 65.33% 98 3.21%
1928 1,812 69.37% 776 29.71% 24 0.92%
1924 1,094 46.51% 508 21.60% 750 31.89%
1920 1,210 64.84% 497 26.63% 159 8.52%
1916 1,004 42.94% 1,136 48.59% 198 8.47%
1912 579 31.38% 551 29.86% 715 38.75%
1908 648 59.61% 365 33.58% 74 6.81%
1904 747 72.59% 227 22.06% 55 5.34%
1900 398 52.37% 328 43.16% 34 4.47%
1896 214 43.94% 269 55.24% 4 0.82%
1892 194 52.57% 143 38.75% 32 8.67%

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Asotin, Washington

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Milestones for Washington State History — Part 2: 1851 to 1900". HistoryLink.org. March 6, 2003.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  12. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  13. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  16. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 513 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 133 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 66 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 3 votes.

Further reading[edit]

Images[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°11′N 117°11′W / 46.18°N 117.19°W / 46.18; -117.19