Asparagopsis taxiformis

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Limukohu
Asparagopsis taxiformis.jpg
Asparagopsis taxiformis in Mayotte.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Archaeplastida
Phylum: Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order: Bonnemaisoniales
Family: Bonnemaisoniaceae
Genus: Asparagopsis
Species: A. taxiformis
Binomial name
Asparagopsis taxiformis
(Delile) Trevis.
Synonyms

Asparagopsis sanfordiana

Asparagopsis taxiformis, limu kohu formerly A. sanfordiana,[1] is a species of red algae, with cosmopolitan distribution in tropical to warm temperate waters.[2]

Lifecycle[edit]

Like many red algae, A. taxiformis has a haplodiplophasic lifecycle, each phase being morphologically distinct. Indeed the species haploid haploid stage was initially described as Falkenbergia hillebrandii (Bornet) Falkenberg 1901 because it was thought to be a separate species.

Culinary uses[edit]

Asparagopsis is one of the most popular types of limu.[3] in the Cuisine of Hawaii, principally as a condiment.[4] It is known as Limu kohu in the Hawaiian language meaning "pleasing seaweed".[5] Limu kohu is a traditional ingredient in poke.

The essential oil of limu kohu is 80% bromoform (tri-bromo-methane).[6] by weight, and includes many other bromine- and iodine-containing organic compounds.[4]

Ahi limu poke.

Methane reduction in cattle[edit]

Researchers in 2016 released a study showing that when added to a cow's diet, Asparagopsis taxiformis could reduce methane production by 50%-70%.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ní Chualáin, F.; Maggs, C.A.; Saunders, G.W. & Guiry, M.D. (2004). "The invasive genus Asparagopsis (Bonnemaisoniaceae, Rhodophyta): molecular systematics, morphology, and ecophysiology of Falkenbergia isolates". Journal of Phycology. 40 (6): 1112–1126. doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.2004.03135.x. 
  2. ^ ":: Algaebase". www.algaebase.org. Retrieved 2016-10-19. 
  3. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel Hoyt Elbert (2003). "lookup of limu kohu ". in Hawaiian Dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved October 8, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b B. Jay Burreson; et al. (1976). "Volatile halogen compounds in the alga Asparagopsis taxiformis (Rhodophyta)". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 24 (4): 856–861. doi:10.1021/jf60206a040. 
  5. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel Hoyt Elbert (2003). "lookup of kohu ". in Hawaiian Dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved October 8, 2010. 
  6. ^ Burreson, B. Jay; Moore, Richard E.; Roller, Peter P. (1976). "Volatile halogen compounds in the alga Asparagopsis taxiformis (Rhodophyta)". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 24 (4): 856. doi:10.1021/jf60206a040. 
  7. ^ http://www.publish.csiro.au/an/AN15576

External links[edit]

Guiry, M.D.; Guiry, G.M. (2008). "'Asparagopsis taxiformis'". AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.