Asparagus acutifolius

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Asparagus acutifolius
Asparagus acutifolius frutos.jpg
Plant and berries of Asparagus acutifolius
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Asparagoideae
Genus: Asparagus
Species: A. acutifolius
Binomial name
Asparagus acutifolius
  • Asparagus corruda Scop.
  • Asparagus ambiguus De Not.
  • Asparagus commutatus Ten.

Asparagus acutifolius, common name wild asparagus, is an evergreen perennial plant belonging to the genus Asparagus. The Latin name acutifolius of this species, meaning "thorny leaves", derives from the characteristic shape of the leaves, a quite common feature in the typical plants of the Mediterranean.


Asparagus acutifolius reaches on average 30–70 centimetres (12–28 in) of height. The stems have much-branched feathery foliage. The "leaves" are in fact needle-like modified stems. The flowers are bell-shaped and in small clusters, greenish-white to yellowish, 4.5–5.5 millimetres (0.18–0.22 in) long. The flowers are dioecious (on each plant they are only male or female). In some Mediterranean regions flowering occurs in late Summer from August through September, often after heavy storms. In this case the small green berries, of 5–6 millimetres (0.20–0.24 in) in diameter, are fully ripe in winter.


Plant and flowers of Asparagus acutifolius
Branch of Asparagus acutifolius
Bud of Asparagus acutifolius
Flower of Asparagus acutifolius


This species is present throughout the Mediterranean Basin.


These plants grow near woods and in uncultivated places, on dry and sunny soil. They can be found at an altitude of 0–1,300 metres (0–4,265 ft) above sea level.


  • Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia - Edagricole – 1982 Vol. III. pg. 398

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