Asri Muda

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Mohd Asri Muda

محمد عصري مودا
Asri Muda.jpg
3rd Leader of the Opposition
In office
1971–1973
MonarchAbdul Halim
Prime MinisterAbdul Razak
Preceded byTan Chee Khoon
Succeeded byLim Kit Siang
President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS)
In office
1969–1982
Preceded byBurhanuddin al-Helmy
Succeeded byYusof Rawa
Menteri Besar of Kelantan
In office
1964–1974
Preceded byIshak Lotfi Omar
Succeeded byMohamed Nasir
Leader of the Opposition
In office
1971–1973
Preceded byTan Chee Khoon
(Position vacant during parliament suspension 1969-1971)
Succeeded byLim Kit Siang
Personal details
Born
Mohd Asri bin Muda

(1923-10-10)10 October 1923
Kota Bharu, Kelantan
Died28 August 1992(1992-08-28) (aged 68)
CitizenshipMalaysian
Political partyPAS (until 1983)
HAMIM (1983–1988)
UMNO (1988–1992)
Spouse(s)Sakinah Junid
Children9

Tan Sri Dato' Haji Mohd Asri bin Haji Muda (Jawi: محمد عصري بن حاج مودا ; October 10, 1923 – August 28, 1992) was a Malaysian politician who served as the President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) from 1969 to 1982,[1] and as the Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of Kelantan.[2]

Early and personal life[edit]

Asri was born on 10 October 1923 in Kota Bharu, the capital of Kelantan. He was a school teacher and journalist before entering politics. He was elected to the Kelantan State Assembly and the federal House of Representatives in the 1959 election. He married to Sakinah Junid on August 15, 1948 and has 9 children, 2 males and 7 females, namely Noordianauli Asri, Husni Zaim, Ratna Inzah, Pearl Sabihah, Aliyah, Khalidah, Nasibah, Najah and Mohd Taqiuddin [3]

Menteri Besar of Kelantan[edit]

Asri became the Menteri Besar of Kelantan in 1964, replacing Ishak Lotfi Omar.[4] He served as Menteri Besar until 1974, when he resigned to become a Minister in the federal government.[3]

PAS Presidency[edit]

Under Asri's leadership, PAS became a member of the governing Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition for the first and only time, from 1973 to 1978. Asri became the Minister for Land and Rural Development in the BN government.[1] Asri's leadership was also notable for the shifting of PAS's outlook towards Malay nationalism. Both joining the BN coalition and moving away from religious-based policy platforms caused the party to lose support.[5] In 1982, Asri was ousted as PAS leader by the religious ulama faction of the party, to be replaced by Yusof Rawa.[6] After Asri's tenure, PAS shifted to a more radical religious platform.[6]

After PAS[edit]

Following his loss of the PAS presidency, Asri founded the Muslim People's Party of Malaysia or Parti Hizbul Muslimin Malaysia (HAMIM) in 1983 but failed to achieve any electoral success.[3] He resigned from HAMIM together with other party representatives on 17 November 1988 after his attempt to dissolve HAMIM in an Extraordinary Muktamar failed.[7] In 1988, he joined PAS's rivals, the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), claiming that PAS had "deviated" and had been "infiltrated by extremist foreign elements".[8][9]

Honour[edit]

Honour of Malaysia[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ibrahim Abu Bakar (2009). "PAS and Its Islamist Fundamentalism in Malaysia Ibrahim Abu Bakar" (PDF). Journal of Human Sciences. 7 (43).
  2. ^ Husin Ali (2008). The Malays, their problems and future. The Other Press. p. 49. ISBN 983-9541-62-5.
  3. ^ a b c Leifer, Michael (2001). Dictionary of the modern politics of South-East Asia. Taylor & Francis. p. 63. ISBN 0-415-23875-7.
  4. ^ "Former Kelantan MB Ishak dies". New Straits Times. 13 May 1992. Retrieved 20 June 2010.[dead link]
  5. ^ Matheson Hooker, Virginia; Norani Othman (2003). Malaysia: Islam, society and politics. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 204. ISBN 981-230-161-5.
  6. ^ a b Matheson Hooker, Virginia; Norani Othman (2003). Malaysia: Islam, society and politics. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 222. ISBN 981-230-161-5.
  7. ^ Samsul Adabi Mamat (28 June 2015). "Nasib Parti-parti Serpihan" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 10 May 2019.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  8. ^ Maria Samad (7 December 1988). "Asri: I'm no opportunist". New Straits Times. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
  9. ^ "Dissidents and Umno Baru can't discount Pas factor". New Straits Times. 28 September 1988. Retrieved 21 June 2010.[dead link]
  10. ^ "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
  11. ^ "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
Political offices
Preceded by
Tan Chee Khoon
Leader of the Opposition of Malaysia
1971–1973
Succeeded by
Lim Kit Siang
Preceded by
Ishak Lotfi Omar
Menteri Besar of Kelantan
1964–1974
Succeeded by
Mohamed Nasir
Party political offices
Preceded by
Burhanuddin al-Helmy
President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party
1969–1982
Succeeded by
Yusof Rawa