Assam Bengal Railway

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Assam Bengal Railway
IndustryRailways
Founded1892
Defunct1942
Headquarters,
Area served
Assam and Bengal
ServicesRail transport

The Assam Bengal Railway (ABR) was one of the pioneering railway companies in British India. Headquartered in Chittagong, it functioned from 1892 to 1942.[1][2][3][4]

History[edit]

Assam Bengal Railway was incorporated in 1892 to serve British-owned tea plantations in Assam.[5][5]

On 1 January 1942 the Assam Bengal Railway combined with the Eastern Bengal Railway to form the Bengal and Assam Railway.[2][6][7] At time of the independence of India in 1947, Bengal and Assam Railway was split up and portions of the Bengal Assam Railway which lay in Assam and the Indian part of North Bengal became Assam Railway and East Indian Railway respectively.[5][8] and the portions about 2,603.92 km long which fell within the boundary of erstwhile East Pakistan was named as Eastern Bengal Railway, the control remaining with the central Government of Pakistan. Later, with the effect from 1 February 1961, Eastern Bengal Railway was renamed as Pakistan Railway,[6] and in 1962 it became Pakistan Eastern Railway.[9] With the emergence of Bangladesh, it became Bangladesh Railway with its headquarters at Dhaka.[10]

On 14 April 1952, the 2857 km long Assam Railway and the Oudh and Tirhut Railway were amalgamated to form one of the six newly carved zones of the Indian Railways: the North Eastern Railway (India).[11][12] On the same day, the reorganized Sealdah division of the erstwhile Bengal Assam Railway (which was added to the East Indian Railway earlier) was amalgamated with the Eastern Railway.[13]

Assam Bengal Railway started construction of a railway track on the eastern side of Bengal in 1891. A 150 kilometres (93 mi) track between Chittagong and Comilla was opened to traffic in 1895. The Comilla-Akhaura-Kulaura-Badarpur section was opened in 1896–1898 and finally extended to Lumding in 1903.[10][14][15] The Assam Bengal Railway constructed a branch line to Guwahati, connecting the city to the eastern line in 1900. The line was extended to Tinsukia in 1902 and it was also connected to Dibru-Sadiya Railway in 1903.[5]

Conversion to broad gauge[edit]

The Indian part of ABR was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge in 1990s to 2010s. The Bangladesh part is under conversion to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b Mukherjee, Hena (2012). "Assam Bengal Railway". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ Mukherjee, Hena (2012). "Eastern Bengal Railway". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. ^ Islam, Sirajul (2012). "East Indian Railway". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  5. ^ a b c d R.P. Saxena. "Indian Railway History timeline". Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  6. ^ a b History Archived 15 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Bangladesh Railway, People's Republic of Bangladesh, Retrieved: 2007-01-11
  7. ^ Rao, M.A. (1988). Indian Railways, New Delhi: National Book Trust, p.37
  8. ^ "History". Northeast Frontier Railway. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  9. ^ "History". Bangladesh Railways. Archived from the original on 15 November 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  10. ^ a b Fida, Quazi Abul (2012). "Railway". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  11. ^ "Chapter 1 - Evolution of Indian Railways-Historical Background". Ministry of Railways, India website. Archived from the original on 1 June 2009.
  12. ^ Rao, M.A. (1988). Indian Railways, New Delhi: National Book Trust, pp.42-3
  13. ^ "Sealdah division-Engineering details". The Eastern Railway, Sealdah division. Archived from the original on 15 February 2012.
  14. ^ "Report on the administration of North East India (1921-22)". p. 46. Google Books/ Mttal Publishers Distributors. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  15. ^ S.N. Singh; Amarendra Narain; Purnendu Kumar. "Socio Economic and Political Problems of Tea Garden Workers: A Study of Assam, Published 2006, ISBN 81-8324-098-4". p. 105. Mittal Publications, New Delhi. Retrieved 16 December 2011.

External links[edit]