Assassination of Boris Nemtsov

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Assassination of Boris Nemtsov
There are flowers and candles near the site of the murder of Boris Nemtsov.jpg
Flowers and candles near the site of Nemtsov's assassination
Location Bolshoy Moskvoretsky Bridge,[1] Moscow
Coordinates 55°45′00″N 37°37′26″E / 55.75000°N 37.62389°E / 55.75000; 37.62389Coordinates: 55°45′00″N 37°37′26″E / 55.75000°N 37.62389°E / 55.75000; 37.62389
Date 27 February 2015; 3 years ago (2015-02-27)
23:31[2] (UTC+03:00)
Target Boris Nemtsov
Attack type
Murder
Weapons Makarov pistol[3]
Deaths 1
Perpetrators Zaur Dadaev (20 year sentence), 4 accomplices (11-19 year sentences); Convicted July 2017[4]
Motive Criticism of Islam and Ramzan Kadyrov[5][6]

The assassination of Boris Nemtsov, a Russian politician opposed to the government of Vladimir Putin, happened in central Moscow on Bolshoy Moskvoretsky Bridge at 23:31 local time on 27 February 2015.[7] An unknown assailant fired seven or eight shots from a Makarov pistol; four of them hit Boris Nemtsov in the head, heart, liver and stomach, killing him almost instantly. He died hours after appealing to the public to support a march against Russia's war in Ukraine.[8]

The assassination was met with widespread international condemnation and concern for the situation of the Russian opposition. Russian authorities also condemned the murder and vowed a thorough investigation.

On 8 March 2015, Russian authorities charged Anzor Gubashev and Zaur Dadaev, both originating from Northern Caucasus, with involvement in the crime. Dadaev confessed to involvement in the murder according to Russian authorities, but, according to Russian media, later retracted his confession. Three more suspects were arrested around the same time and according to Russian media another suspect blew himself up in Grozny when Russian police forces surrounded his apartment block.

Events[edit]

Nemtsov was shot dead while crossing the Bolshoy Moskvoretsky Bridge

Nemtsov was shot and killed crossing the Bolshoy Moskvoretsky Bridge[1] near the Kremlin walking home after a meal out, in the company of Anna Duritskaya, a 23-year-old Ukrainian model who had been his girlfriend for two and a half years. She witnessed Nemtsov's killing,[9] but was not physically harmed herself.[10] TV Tsentr's video of the bridge at the time of the murder shows that it occurred as a municipal utility vehicle was passing by Nemtsov and a person is seen escaping from the scene in a white or grey automobile.[11][12] According to the Russian newspaper Kommersant, at the time of the murder all the security cameras in the area were switched off for maintenance.[13] The only video of the incident was obtained from the video feed camera of TV Tsentr studio, from a long distance. At the time of the killing, the camera was blocked by a stopped municipal vehicle.[13] The killing happened the day before Nemtsov was due to lead the opposition march Vesna (Russian for "spring"), a street demonstration organised to protest against economic conditions in Russia and against the war in Ukraine.

The killer was apparently waiting for Nemtsov on a side stairway leading to the bridge. At least six shots were fired, four of which hit Nemtsov; one wound was mortal.[13] According to Kommersant sources, the killer used as a weapon either a standard Makarov pistol or most likely an IZh gas pistol modified for use with lethal ammunition.[13] According to a witness, "a young man named Viktor M., who followed Nemtsov",[14] the killer was a man of 170–175 centimetres (5 ft 7 in–5 ft 9 in) height, short haircut, medium build, dressed in jeans and a brown sweater.

Investigation[edit]

Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed the Investigative Committee, Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Federal Security Service to create a single team to investigate the assassination of Nemtsov.[15] The investigation team is headed by Igor Krasnov, who had previously investigated an attempt on the life of Anatoly Chubais and the murders of Stanislav Markelov and Anastasia Baburova.[16] The team is supervised by the head of the Investigative Committee in Moscow, general Alexander Drymanov. Drymanov has also supervised the investigation against Nadezhda Savchenko, the second trial against Mikhail Khodorkovsky and Platon Lebedev, as well as the charges of genocide during the Russo-Georgian War against Georgian military.[14]

During the night following the assassination, Nemtsov's apartment on Malaya Ordynka street was searched and all documents and materials related to his business and political activities were confiscated.[17][18] Opposition media raised concerns this was done to retrieve a draft of report on Russian involvement in the war in Donbass announced by Nemtsov shortly before his death. Partial information on the report's contents were later revealed by Nemtsov's friends.[19][20]

On 28 February, a white Lada Priora car possibly belonging to the assassin(s) was found abandoned. Russian state media reported that the car had a number-plate originating in the Republic of Ingushetia, although initial witnesses had stated that the white car involved in the shooting did not have any license plates.[21] An underwater search in the Moscow River to retrieve the weapon presumably discarded by the killer after the assassination gave no result. A cash reward of 3 million rubles (~43,000 euros) is being offered for any information leading to the arrest and conviction of the killer.[22]

Durytska, having testified before the investigative team, returned to Ukraine on 2 March. Because of reported threats to her life, the Prosecutor General of Ukraine Viktor Shokin provided Durytska with state protection.[23]

By 3 March, the official investigation concluded that Nemtsov had been tracked from 11:00 am when he met Durytska in Sheremetyevo Airport.[24] Nemtsov had been followed by three alternating cars en route from the airport to the city.[24] On 23:22 the group of killers was ordered to move to the assigned spot, when Nemtsov and Durytska left the GUM cafe.[24] On 23:29 the car with the assailant turned around under Bolshoy Moskvoretsky Bridge and approached the stairs leading to the bridge.[24] On 23:30 the assailant walked upstairs onto the bridge and moved towards Nemtsov and Durytska.[24] Having walked past them, he turned around and fired at Nemtsov's back.[24] After the assailant got into the car, it moved from the bridge to Bolotnaya Street, then to Bolshoy Kamenny Bridge, Mokhovaya Street and Tverskaya Street towards Okhotny Ryad and then turned to Bolshaya Dmitrovka before disappearing in local traffic.[24] The car in which the assailant had escaped was later found and identified as grey ZAZ Chance.[25] On 10 March Moskovskij Komsomolets published alleged CCTV photos of the suspects' vehicle suggesting that they were following Nemtsov since September 2014, long before the Charlie Hebdo shooting.[26]

Suspects[edit]

On 7 March 2015, the head of the Federal Security Service Alexander Bortnikov announced the arrest of two suspects, Anzor Gubashev and Zaur Dadaev (ru), both originating from Northern Caucasus.[27] According to Russian media Zaur Dadaev had served in the battalion Sever subordinated to President of the Chechen Republic Ramzan Kadyrov while Anzor Gubashev had worked as a security guard for a Moscow hypermarket;[28] according to other sources he is an employee of a private security firm.[5] Both are from Ingushetia but for many years had been living outside the North Caucasus republic; they are related.[28][5] They were formally charged on 8 March. Dadaev confessed to the crime; Gubashev denies any involvement.[29] Three other persons were also detained as suspects, but not charged. All of them claimed they were innocent.[29] According to Russian media another man blew himself up with a hand grenade in Grozny when police came to arrest him.[30]

Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov (left) in June 2016

Zaur Dadaev, a former second-in-command to the leader of battalion Sever, Alibek Delimkhanov (the brother of Adam Delimkhanov and cousin of Ramzan Kadyrov), confessed that he had decided to kill Nemtsov because of his criticism of Islam and Ramzan Kadyrov, according to Russian media.[5][6]

According to Russian media, Zaur Dadaev stated in his confession that his immediate manager during preparation of the murder was someone named Ruslik, who provided him with 5 million rubles, a ZAZ Chance car and a gun.[31] Investigators suspect that Ruslik is Ruslan Geremeev, the head of a battalion Sever unit Zaur Dadaev served in, a subordinate of Alimbek Delimkhanov and a nephew of Suleiman Geremeev, a member of Federation Council of Russia.[32][33] After the murder, Ruslan Geremeev was under protection in the Chechen republic and later probably left Russia for United Arab Emirates or Turkey.[34] In the end of April Ruslan Gereemev was officially assigned a status of a suspect.[35]

Commenting on the events, President of the Chechen Republic Ramzan Kadyrov said that he knew Dadaev as one of the bravest warriors who had fought in the Russian-Chechen "Kadyrovtsy" regiment since its creation. Dadaev had been awarded the Order of Courage, the Medal for Courage and further awards by the Chechen Republic. According to Kadyrov, Dadaev was deeply religious and greatly offended by Charlie Hebdo's publishing of the Muhammad cartoons and Nemtsov's support for the French cartoonists. However, the Kadyrovtsy were a secular unit fighting against radical Islamists and according to Dadaev's mother, her son had never mentioned Charlie Hebdo. Dadaev's mother also stated that her son was not a "strong believer" in Islam, and had in fact fought against Islamists ("Wahhabis") previously.[36][37] Russia's opposition figures have called the theory that the murder was motivated by offense against Islam and the official line of inquiry by the Kremlin "more than absurd".[38]

Russian media reported that Dadaev retracted his confession, explaining that he only confessed to avoid "what happened to Shavanov" — another suspect, who, according to the official version, blew himself up with a grenade during arrest attempt.[39] A member of the Kremlin's advisory council on human rights, after visiting the suspects, said that Dadaev as well as the two other suspects, Anzor and Shagid Gubashev, most likely had been tortured while in detention.[40]

Ironically, just before his murder, Nemtsov had stated, "The contract between Kadyrov and Putin—money in exchange for loyalty—is coming to an end. Where will Mr Kadyrov's 20,000 men go? What will they demand? How will they act? When will they come to Moscow?"[41]

In late June 2017, five Chechen men were found guilty by a jury in a court at Moscow after they agreed to kill Nemtsov in exchange for 15 million rubles (US$253,000) with the person who hired them are still at large.[42]

In July 2017 Zaur Dadayev was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment by a Russian court, while the other perpetrators were handed between 11 and 19 years each.[4]

At the end of October 2017 highly appreciated among ordinary Russian citizens author of the book "The Less You Know, the Better You Sleep" [43] and the author of many other works about USSR and Russia, expelled out of Russia by officials American right-wing political activist and expert, journalist and writer David Satter[44] has published sensational article in National Review about an unofficial public investigation[45] of the assassination, led by Igor Murzin, a St. Petersburg lawyer[46] who specializes in auto accidents and the interpretation of videotape. The article "Who Killed Boris Nemtsov?" by David Satter [47] might help international institutions like Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) to understand what's really going on in Russian politics in connection with the assassination of the most important in his lifetime Russian republican politician Boris Nemtzov and how far from reality seem to be Russian officials and so-called opposition. According to facts, which David Satter attracts attention on, all of formal reports by Kremlin's investigators and state's experts, all of conclusions and decisions of Russian military court system, nearly all reports in mass media, included appreciated foreign tabloids and TV-channels and, finally, Emanuelis Zingeris, who what ever reasons is going to represent so-called "Russian opposition" in PACE, are lying, and real suspects and murderers were never investigated, arrested or appeared in court. Thank the article by David Satter the whole official story turned out to be just an imitation of some official procedure, which in reality seems to stop working in Russia as soon as Kremlin enters the game.

However, some inaccuracy in investigation of Igor Murzin, which appears also in the article written by David Satter, was discovered in position of general Kornienko,[48] whose name Igor Murzin has reckoned on "tape of Kalugin". The general belongs not only to FSB and FSO.[49][50] The highly ranked Karelia-born officer since 2012 is also head of Russian Federal Penitentiary Service.[51][52] Such involvement of the Russian Federal Penitentiary Service apparently points on formal character of the action, which in fact seems to be rather an execution of Boris Nemtsov, whom Stalin-time-like "court of NKVD troika" [53] might have secretly declared being a threat to safety of the State. The assassination or execution of the most important republican politician in Russian history marks an attempt of Kremlin to proceed further with new constitutional order, which Russian officials organised thank help of dependent on Kremlin imitation of parliament[54] in 2014-edition of Russian Constitution(1993), shortly before tragedy with Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, which was allegedly shot down on July 17, 2014. The newest edition of the Russian Constitution(2014) contents clear signs of Stalin's Constitution (1934) and allows even to shoot down an airplane, full of civilians. There is a video, which can be used as an illustration for the statement. By watching video[55] please pay attention on the fragment coming at 19:54.

Reactions[edit]

UN member and observer states[edit]

 Russian Federation:

March in memory of Boris Nemtsov in Moscow, 1 March 2015. Sight from the inside #5. Remand.
March in memory of Boris Nemtsov in Moscow, 1 March 2015. Sight from the inside #9. Flag of Ukraine.
People gathered at the site of Boris Nemtsov's murder, 28 February 2015
March in memory of Boris Nemtsov in Moscow, 1 March 2015
Moscow march for Nemtsov, 1 March 2015, the sign in the front says "The murderers are in the Kremlin"
Moscow march for Nemtsov, 1 March 2015
Moscow march for Nemtsov in February 2017
  • The President, Vladimir Putin, sent a telegram addressed to "Dina Yakovlevna Eydman, mother of Boris Nemtsov",[56][57] expressing his condolences and adding, "We will do everything to ensure that the perpetrators of this vile and cynical crime and those who stand behind them are properly punished."[58]
  • Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev expressed his condolences to the families.[59]
  • Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said the murder was a 'filthy' crime and it would be investigated with utmost vigor.[60]
  • Head of the Chechen Republic, Ramzan Kadyrov accused western agencies saying "Boris Nemtsov was killed in the center of Moscow. Only those forces interested in fomenting tensions could take such a treacherous step. The organizers of Nemtsov's murder hoped to make the whole world blame the leadership of the country and to cause a wave of protests. There is no doubt that Nemtsov's murder was organized by Western intelligence services, seeking any means to cause internal conflict in Russia." He also stated that he wants to see the perpetrators of the attack brought to justice and expressed his condolences to the victim's relatives.[61][62]

 Ukraine:

  • President Petro Poroshenko: "Shock. They killed Boris. It's hard to believe. I have no doubt the killers will be found. Sooner or later. Eternal memory..." "He said he would reveal persuasive evidence of the involvement of Russian armed forces in Ukraine. Someone was very afraid of this ... They killed him."[63][64] On 3 March 2015, he posthumously awarded Nemtsov with the Order of Liberty.[65]
  • Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk: "Patriot of Russia, at same time a friend of Ukraine. This is what will remain in our memory of Boris Nemtsov. RIP."[66]

 Armenia:

  • The ruling Republican Party issued a statement that said: "We hope Russia’s law enforcement agencies will punish those who committed the crime as quickly as possible and with the utmost strictness of the law".[67]

 Canada:

 Estonia:

  • President Toomas Hendrik Ilves expressed his condolences over the death of "a personal friend and a friend of Estonia, who was a great democrat and a courageous fighter for freedom".[69]

 Finland:

  • President Sauli Niinistö stated that "the murder of Boris Nemtsov was a ferocious and reprehensible act". He suspected political reasons behind the killing and expressed his worries over the consequences.[70]

 Latvia:

  • Minister for Foreign Affairs Edgars Rinkēvičs wrote in Twitter that the "murder of Boris Nemtsov is a proof of the lunacy that rules in Russia". Expressing his condolences to the family, he also stated that "there's a very little hope for an objective investigation".[71]

 Lithuania:

 United States:

  • President Barack Obama called Nemtsov's death a "brutal murder" and called for a "prompt, impartial and transparent investigation".[73]
  • Secretary of State John Kerry said the United States had no information on the murder of Nemtsov and "wouldn't comment anyway".[74][75]
  • Deputy Secretary-General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and former United States Ambassador to Russia Alexander Vershbow connected assassination of Nemtsov with the 2014–15 Russian military intervention in Ukraine:"...President Putin’s aim seems to be to turn Ukraine into a failed state and to suppress and discredit alternative voices in Russia, so as to prevent a Russian “Maidan”. We’ve seen that the victims are not just in Eastern Ukraine, with the brutal murder of Boris Nemtsov last Friday. While we don’t know who pulled the trigger, we do know that Boris Nemtsov was a powerful voice for democracy and against Russia’s involvement in Ukraine who was among those vilified as “traitors” and “fifth columnists” in Russia’s official propaganda..."[76][77]

 Germany:

  • Chancellor Angela Merkel condemned the killing of Nemtsov, described the incident as "a vile murder" and urged the Russian authorities to find and punish those responsible.[78]

 Hungary:

  • Prime Minister Viktor Orbán expressed his sympathy on behalf of Hungary to Nemtsov's family and also said they "expect the Russian government to create the conditions for a full investigation."[79]

 France:

  • President François Hollande strongly condemned the killing in Moscow and described Nemtsov as "a bold, never-tiring defender of democracy and a resolute fighter against corruption."[78]

 Sweden:

  • Minister for Foreign Affairs Margot Wallström said: "I think everyone is deeply taken by the assassination of Nemtsov. It's an execution. And it is clear that this reinforces the image of Putin's reign of terror when it comes to security, human rights and democracy. This is furthermore one more name to be added to the already long list of, not least journalists, who have lost their lives".[80]

 United Kingdom:

  • Prime Minister David Cameron said that he was "shocked and sickened" by the murder and said the "callous" killing "must be fully, rapidly and transparently investigated, and those responsible brought to justice".[81]

Supranational bodies[edit]

 European Union:

 Council of Europe:

 NATO:

  • NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg condemned the murder of Boris Nemtsov, stating: ”He was a strong voice for democracy and we call for an impartial investigation into this terrible crime.”[84]

Non-governmental reactions[edit]

In Russia[edit]

  • The co-chairman of the RPR-Parnas, Mikhail Kasyanov, called the killing "outrage beyond imagination".[85]
  • Leonid Gozman believes that the death of Boris Nemtsov is a message for the whole opposition in the Russian Federation.[86]
  • Mikhail Khodorkovsky called the slaying his "personal grief".[87]
  • Garry Kasparov tweeted "Devastated to hear of the brutal murder of my long-time opposition colleague Boris Nemtsov. Shot 4 times, once for each child he leaves."[88] Criticizing "24/7 propaganda about enemies of the state",[89] Kasparov said "When they started displaying pictures of Boris and other prominent oppositionists around the city and on TV, it was an invitation to execute them."[90]
He said, "Opposition leaders are always watched closely by Russia’s security services before public rallies—Boris had been planning a protest against the Ukraine war on Sunday—so how could these trained bloodhounds not notice that someone else was following him?"[91] He criticized statements from Western leaders who had "done so much to appease the Kremlin," which he called "a criminal rogue regime", and condemned the Russian media for "[churning] out preposterous and insulting conspiracy theories about the death of a man they had called an enemy of the state."[91]
  • The vice-dean of a department of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, where Boris's son, Anton Nemtsov, is a student, published a statement: "The Americans themselves created this sleazeball, themselves financed him, themselves killed him. It is the fate of all prostitutes. Yesterday evening there became one sleazeball less."[92] After a collective letter from the students the institute apologized to Anton Nemtsov.[93][94][95][96]
  • Henri Reznik accused the Russian mass media of escalating the hate campaign against opposition which could have easily "attracted one of the sociopaths". He also criticised president Putin for announcing the intended direction of the investigation to be a "provocation" shortly after the murder, which, taking into account "the psychology of our law enforcement" will inevitably lead to turning the investigation into "a search for confirmations for the presidential version".[97]
  • Parliament member Dmitry Gudkov said that officials had created "the hostile atmosphere of hate in the country—they should feel guilty today for this cold murder. Even today I heard from ... members in the parliament that we, the opposition, are ‘the fifth column,’ agents of the USA."[98] Alexei Makarkin of the Center for Political Technologies stated that Nemtsov's murder "demonstrates to what extent hatred has been legitimized or even sanctioned in Russia," saying that Russia's media coverage of the war in Ukraine had portrayed individuals as "patriots" or "enemies."[99] Yevgeny Yasin, Russia's former economy minister, stated that "Nemtsov always said everything that others were afraid to say."[100]
  • Alexei Navalny, an opposition leader, said that Nemtsov "kept acting rather than waiting for the regime to fall. This made him influential and dangerous for the regime."[101]
  • On the morning of 28 February, the opposition party RPR-PARNAS announced a gathering on the Bolshoy Moskvoretsky Bridge in Moscow, where Nemtsov was shot.[102]
  • On 3 March, the Russian artist Lena Hades began an art marathon in memory of Nemtsov, producing portraits of him daily. She said she would stop only when the person or people who ordered Nemtsov's murder are arrested and sentenced,[103][104][105][106][107][108]
  • Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev suggested that the killing was a provocation: "It’s an attempt to push the situation into complications, maybe even to destabilising the situation in the country."[109]
  • Irina Khakamada, a prominent opposition figure who co-founded a liberal party with Nemtsov, stated: "It's a provocation that is clearly not in Putin's interests, it's aimed at rocking the situation."[110]
  • Kremlin-appointed investigators have speculated that the assassination could have been "a provocation aimed at destabilising the country" or that it was motivated by "Islamic extremism".[111] Catherine A. Fitzpatrick has dismissed such speculations by referring to them as "conspiracy theories",[112][113] and The Guardian noted that the only explanation that is not being considered by the authorities is the "blindingly obvious one" that Nemtsov was killed for his criticism of Putin.[114] A Kremlin spokesman said "It is too early to make any sort of conclusions but we can say with 100% certainty that it is a provocation."[111]

A spontaneous memorial took place at the scene of the murder. People carried flowers along with posters emblazoned Je suis Boris, as an echo of the Je suis Charlie response to the Charlie Hebdo shooting two months earlier in Paris.[115] On 1 March, a silent one-person rotating commemoration was held in Murmansk; a court later convicted Irina Paykacheva of involvement in the unsanctioned event and fined her 20,000 roubles.[116] In August 2017, an activist guarding a Nemtsov memorial, Ivan Skripnichenko, was killed by a Putin supporter.[117]

Mourners have held an around-the-clock vigil for late Nemtsov, which into its fourth year, as of 2018.[118]

Outside Russia[edit]

In Armenia, a parliamentary opposition party, the Armenian National Congress, released a statement condemning the murder.[119] The independent opposition MP Nikol Pashinyan offered condolences to Nemtsov's family and stated that his murder is a "major challenge" for Russia to overcome.[120]

The speaker of the Polish Senate, Bogdan Borusewicz, said that Nemtsov "fell victim" to "a chauvinistic campaign against people who do not agree with imperialistic policies and aggression against a neighbouring country."[121]

Media reactions[edit]

Leonid Bershidsky of the Bloomberg View stated that "In recent months, Putin's propaganda machine has been vigorously inciting Russians against the 'fifth column' — those who protested against the annexation of Crimea and the Kremlin-instigated war in eastern Ukraine. Nemtsov was on every list of traitors published on the Internet and aired on state TV."[122] In The Daily Telegraph, Ben Judah wrote that the Kremlin "either ordered or allowed [Nemtsov's murder] to happen", saying that "Nothing Boris Nemtsov did was not bugged, tailed, filmed or monitored by the secret police. It is quite simply impossible that this man could have been shot dead without the Kremlin knowing there was a plot afoot to kill him."[123] Some saw parallels with the murder of Sergey Kirov in 1934.[124][125] Brian Whitmore, writing for Radio Free Europe, stated that the murder indicated the development of a "hybrid Great Terror campaign" against Putin's opposition.[126]

The host of Shuster Live, Savik Shuster, announced the killing of Boris Nemtsov live on television, and asked the audience for a minute's silence in honor of Nemtsov.[127]

The BBC referred to an interview Nemtsov gave on 10 February 17 days before his death, in which Russia's Sobesednik newspaper reported that Nemtsov said that his mother was afraid Russian President Vladimir Putin would kill him. He added that his 86-year-old mother is also afraid for the lives of Mikhail Khodorkovsky and Alexey Navalny. When asked if he himself feared for his life, Nemtsov answered, "Yes, not as strongly as my mother, but still..."[128] After the BBC referred to that interview,[129] on 27 February 2015, the Sobesednik posted an extended version of the original interview, in which Nemtsov reportedly added, "I am just joking. If I were afraid of Putin, I wouldn't be in this line of work."[130]

Memorial march[edit]

Boris Nemtsov was an organizer of the anti-crisis and anti-war march Vesna ("Spring") planned on 1 March 2015. After the murder, the organizers transformed the planned march into a memorial for Nemtsov. The participants marched from Kitay-gorod to Bolshoy Moskvoretsky Bridge where Nemtsov was murdered.[131] According to the organizers more than 50,000 people took part in the march, while Moscow police counted 21,000 participants.[132] Around 50 people were arrested for disobedience to police including Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada deputy Oleksiy Honcharenko.[133] According to Honcharenko, he was beaten and deprived of medical and legal help while in detention. Honcharenko was released from prison the next day, but he promised to sue Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.[134]

On 1 March, simultaneously with Moscow marches Nemtsov memorial marches were held in Saint Petersburg (finished with a meeting on the Field of Mars),[135] Yekaterinburg, Murmansk[136] London and Paris.[137]

Funeral[edit]

Nemtsov was buried on 3 March 2015 at the Troyekurovskoye Cemetery in Moscow.[100]

Latvian MEP Sandra Kalniete and Speaker of the Polish Senate Bogdan Borusewicz were not allowed to attend the funeral due to travel bans imposed by Russia.[138] The travel bans bar certain EU and Western politicians from visiting Russia for their alleged "anti-Russian activities".[138] Russia's sanctions were imposed in response to Western-led sanctions against officials close to the Kremlin for their conduct during the Ukrainian Crisis.[138] Kalniete stated that "Since I have always taken a clear and explicit language on Russia’s role in Ukraine, I had suspicions that it could happen."[139] The president of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz, called the ban a "high affront".[139]

A Russian court decided not to grant the request of Alexei Navalny, a Russian opposition leader jailed for 15 days for distributing fliers, for a temporary release to attend the funeral.[140]

Boris Nemtsov Plaza[edit]

On December 6, 2017, Nemtsov’s daughter Zhanna Nemtsova traveled from Germany, accompanied by other family members and Russian dissidents, to urge members of the Washington, DC Council, the US capital city’s local government, to rename a portion of the street in front of the Russian Embassy “Boris Nemtsov Plaza” in honor of her father and as a signal to Russian authorities of US disapproval of their policies and of their alleged role in Nemtsov’s assassination.[141] Legislation to formally make the change was co-sponsored by the Council chairman, Phil Mendelson,[142] who expected the bill to be approved by Council early in 2018.[141] On January 9, 2018, the Council unanimously approved the “Boris Nemtsov Plaza Designation Act of 2017” which authorized the renaming, effective May 5, 2018.[143][144]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Russia opposition politician Boris Nemtsov shot dead". BBC. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  2. ^ ТВЦ опубликовал запись с зафиксировавшей убийство Бориса Немцова камеры (in Russian)
  3. ^ Ostroukh, Andrey; Kolyandr, Alexander (28 February 2015). "Russia Probes Motives in assassination of Putin Critic Boris Nemtsov". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "Russia hands 20-year jail term to killer of Putin critic Nemtsov". Reuters. 13 July 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-13. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Убийство Бориса Немцова раскрыли технично". Kommersant. 7 March 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Для убийства Немцова нашли мотив". Rosbalt. 8 March 2015. 
  7. ^ Источник: в Москве убит Борис Немцов [Source: Boris Nemtsov assassinated in Moscow]. Kommersant (in Russian). Russia. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  8. ^ Julia Ioffe (28 February 2015). "After Boris Nemtsov's Assassination, 'There Are No Longer Any Limits'". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "Anna Duritskaya: Model girlfriend who witnessed Boris Nemtsov's slaying". CNN. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  10. ^ Свидетельницей убийства Немцова стала известная модель из Украины Анна Дурицкая [Famous model from Ukraine, Anna Duritskaya, has become a witness to the Nemtsov murder]. Ren TV (in Russian). Russia. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  11. ^ "Nemtsov shooters escape in a white Ford Focus or Ford Mondeo". Gazeta. Russia. 28 February 2015. 
  12. ^ "Former Russian deputy PM shot and killed in Moscow". 27 February 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c d Человек на мосту [Man on the bridge]. Kommersant (in Russian). 2 March 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  14. ^ a b Gridasov, Andrey; Petelin, German (2 March 2015). В деле об убийстве Немцова следователи рассчитывают на фоторобот [Investigators are relying on an identikit in the case of the murder of Nemtsov] (in Russian). Izvestia. Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  15. ^ "Announced the main version of the assassination of Boris Nemtsov". Interfax. Archived from the original on 2015-03-02. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  16. ^ "Расследовавший убийство Маркелова сотрудник СК занялся делом об убийстве Немцова". interfax.ru. Russia: interfax. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  17. ^ В квартире Немцова проводится обыск [A search is going on in Nemtsov's flat]. RBK (in Russian). Russia. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
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External links[edit]