Asselar man is a Neolithic skeleton discovered by Theodore Monod and Wladimir Besnard (in various sources incorrectly named M.M. Besnard or M.V. Besnard) in 1927, in the Adrar des Ifoghas. The massif is located near Essouk in what is now the Kidal Region of Mali. Wickliffe Draper funded the expedition.
The Asselar specimen has been dated to around 6,400 BP, making it no older than the Holocene. Along with such fossils as Iwo Eleru (11,000 BP) and Ishango (8,000 BP), which were excavated from archaeological sites in West and Central Africa, Asselar is one of the earliest known anatomically modern human skeletons of Negroid type. Older fossils with a similar morphology have also been found near Khartoum, dated to between 8,000 and 5,000 BC.
- This article began as a translation of the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia, accessed 17 December 2005.
- Encyclopædia Britannica: Asselar man entry
- Human Timeline (Interactive) – Smithsonian, National Museum of Natural History (August 2016).