Assemblea Nacional Catalana
|Jordi Sànchez i Picanyol
The Assemblea Nacional Catalana ("Catalan National Assembly"; ANC by its Catalan acronym) is an organization that seeks the political independence of Catalonia from Spain; secondarily, it also promotes irredentistic claims to the Catalan Countries.
Its current president is Jordi Sànchez i Picanyol. In January 2015, it claimed more than 80,000 members, of which 40,132 were full-paying members (fee paying) and 39,946 were signed up as volunteer collaborators. By 2016, though, some sources cite a dip in paying membership.
The ANC has 10 regional subdivisions which are represented on the national board as well as professional sectorial groups and 37 foreign branches around the world.
The origin of the organization was the National Conference for the Catalan State (Conferència Nacional per l'Estat Propi), held on April 30, 2011 in Barcelona, in which 1,500 people participated. A Permanent Council and the interim secretariat were elected at this conference.
The formal incorporation as a civic association was held on March 10, 2012 at the Palau Sant Jordi in Barcelona. in which the statutes, internal workings, and road map to independence were approved. In April 2012, Carme Forcadell was chosen as President of the ANC, while Carles Castellanos was elected vice-president, Llorenç Sotorres was treasurer, and Jordi Martínez was elected secretary.
On June 8, 2013, the ANC held elections in which Carme Forcadell was re-elected president. Jaume Marfany was elected vicepresident, substituting Carles Castellanos, Jordi Martínez remained as secretary and Oriol Sallas replaced Llorenç Sotorres as treasurer.
In May 2015 Jordi Sanchez i Picanyol replaced Carme Forcadell as president of the ANC.
Campaigns and activity
The regional chapters of the ANC periodically organize a series of events in their respective areas with respect to the independence of Catalonia in preparation for the Catalan independence referendum in 2014.
September 11, 2012
At the end of June, 2012, the so-called "March toward Independence" begun in Seu Vella (Lleida). After a series of festive, symbolic, and protest events, this march would culminate on September 11 with a massive march on Barcelona, with the slogan "Catalonia, new state in Europe". It was a historic day for the separatist camp, both for the number of people in attendance as well as the markedly pro-independence tone of the march, never before seen in such a well-attended event (estimates of the crowds range widely, from 600,000 people quoted by some media, statisticians such as Llorenç Badiella from the Autonomous University of Barcelona or the delegation of the Spanish government in Catalonia to 1.5 million according to Catalan public sources such as Barcelona's Municipal Police or Catalonia's Department of the Interior, with a maximum estimate of about 2 million according to the organizers)
Two days after the demonstration, the president of the ANC, Carme Forcadell, and four additional members of the group's board were officially received at the Catalan Government Palace by then president Artur Mas. During the meeting, they suggested to him that he called plebescitary elections to the Parliament of Catalonia on independence and that he called for a referendum in 2014.
As a result of the demonstration, Mas called a snap election to the Catalan Parliament for November 25, 2012 and made clear in his speech in the inaugural session of the General Policy Debates that he was convinced that the Parliament that came out of the new elections would have as its mission the exercise of the right to self-determination of Catalonia.
At the beginning of 2013, the ANC began a Fiscal Sovereignty campaign so that private citizens, businesses, and local institutions could pay taxes en masse to the Catalan Tax Agency. From May to July, 2013, they organized a crowdfunding campaign at totSuma in order to offer support to all the interested parties.
On June 1, 2013, the ANC began the "Sign a vote for independence" campaign, in which, through the right to petition, petitions were collected to ask the Catalan Parliament to exhaust all of the possible paths toward facilitating the celebration of a referendum for self-determination of Catalonia before May 31, 2014, and in the event that that attempt failed that the elected representatives of the people of Catalonia unilaterally declare the independence of Catalonia.
The Catalan National Assembly and Òmnium Cultural organized a concert, the so-called Concert for Freedom, in Camp Nou on June 29, 2013 to show off mass support in favor of independence. Around 90,000 people attended the concert.
The Catalan Assembly also organized a human chain of about 400 km in length, known as the Catalan Way, that was held on the National Day of Catalonia (September 11) following the path of the old Via Augusta from La Jonquera (in the north of Catalonia) to Alcanar (in the south). It was inspired by the Baltic Way, which was organized by Baltic political movements seeking independence from the Soviet Union in 1989 and spanned the three Baltic states of Estonian SSR, Latvian SSR, and Lithuanian SSR. Between 1.6 and 2 million citizens held their hands along these 400 km. After the demonstration, then Catalan President Artur Mas received Mrs. Forcadell at the Government Palace and committed to listen to the will of the people and to organising a consultation on the region's future.
On May 29, 2014, the ANC, with other associations, presented at "El Born", the campaign "El País que Volem" (The Country we Want), an open participative process for citizens whose goal is to collect their proposals about how should Catalonia be when it becomes an independent state.[clarification needed]
The Catalan Assembly and Òmnium Cultural organized the 2014 edition of the demonstration of the Catalan national day in Barcelona. This demonstration formed a huge Catalan flag all along 11 kilometers between Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes and Diagonal avenue forming a big "V" for will ("voluntat"), voting and victory. According to police there were 1.8 million and according to organizations 2.5 million people to demand for a poll on the 9th of November, 2014. 
On September 14 the Catalan Assembly gave to the parliament president, Núria de Gispert, nearly 750.000 signatures collected in the campaign "Sign a vote for independence", to ask Catalan government to declare independence if the November 9 poll could not be held.
The budget for 2015 was slightly over 5 million euros, from which 3.4 million were dedicated to various advertising campaigns.
In a separate piece, in November 2015 the ANC was found responsible of unauthorized use and deficient custody of personal data for its activities, resulting in a 240,000 euros sanction imposed by the Spanish agency responsible for data protection.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Assemblea Nacional Catalana.|
- «L’ANC supera els 40.000 membres de ple dret per encarar un any definitiu»
- "Les coincidències i discrepàncies dels fulls de ruta cap a la independència". Vilaweb (in Catalan). 26 March 2015.
- "L'ANC ja té 51.000 adherits, el doble de fa un any". Vilaweb (in Catalan). 5 April 2014.
- La Conferència per l'Estat Propi inicia la ruta sobiranista, El Punt.
- Consens i unitat per impulsar l'Assemblea Nacional Catalana, Llibertat.
- Neix oficialment l'Assemblea Nacional de Catalunya per traçar el camí cap a la independència, Ara.
- Neix l'Assemblea Nacional Catalana amb l'objectiu de promoure un referèndum per la independència el 2014, 324.
- Cálculo de manifestantes >> Defensora del Lector >> Blogs El País
- Badiella, Llorenç (14 September 2012). "Unas 600.000 personas en la manifestación independentista" (in Spanish). Barcelona. La Vanguardia. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- Piñol, Àngels (11 September 2012). "El independentismo catalán logra una histórica exhibición de fuerza" (in Spanish). Barcelona. El País. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- "Diada.- El Govern central xifra l'assistència en 600.000 persones" (in Catalan). Barcelona. Europa Press. 11 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- "La delegació del govern espanyol a Catalunya xifra en 600.000 els assistents a la manifestació de la Diada" (in Catalan). Madrid. Agència Catalana de Notícies. 11 September 2012. Archived from the original on 13 September 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- Cálculo de manifestantes >> Defensora del Lector >> Blogs El País
- El País que Volem' neix perquè ciutadans i entitats dibuixin la Catalunya independent (in Catalan). Diari Ara. 2014-05-29. Retrieved 2014-06-09.
- "1,8 milions de catalans reclamen votar amb una històrica V a Barcelona". elpuntavui.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2014-09-14.
- "L'ANC entrega 750.000 signatures per l'estat propi". ara.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2014-09-15.
- L'ANC paga més de 250.000 euros a l'Estat - Notícies societat - e-noticies