Assembly of the African Union

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Map of the African Union.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the African Union

The Assembly of the African Union, which is formally known as the African Union Assembly of Heads of State and Government (AU-AHSG), is one of several decision-making bodies within the African Union. The other bodies are the Pan-African Parliament, the Executive Council consisting of foreign ministers of the AU members states, and the African Union Commission. The Chairperson of the Assembly has few formal functions, the most important of which is to preside at the Pan-African Parliament during the election and swearing in of the President of the Pan-African Parliament.

History of the Assembly[edit]

The Assembly came into existence on 25 May 1963, as part of the ratification of Organization of African Unity (OAU). Initially the Assembly consisted of 32 independent members, the heads of state of the African states that had achieved independence by 1963. Until 2001, the governing constitution of the Assembly was the OAU Charter. The Assembly is now subject to the Union Act that created the African Union.

Members of the Assembly[edit]

The AU Assembly of the Heads of State and Government consists of the 54 heads of state and government of the member countries, the Assembly meets once a year at the AU Summit. The current Chairman of the Assembly is President Paul Kagame of Rwanda.

The current members of the AU-AHSG are:

Member State Representative Title Member since Photo
 Algeria Abdelaziz Bouteflika President 27 April 1999 Bouteflika (Algiers, Feb 2006).jpeg
 Angola João_Lourenço President 26 September 2017 2018-07-04 President João Lourenço-0555.jpg
 Benin Patrice Talon President 6 April 2016 Président Patrice Talon.jpg
 Botswana Mokgweetsi Masisi President 1 April 2018 Mokgweetsi Masisi.png
 Burkina Faso Roch Marc Christian Kaboré President 6 December 2015 Roch Marc Christian Kaboré.jpg
 Burundi Pierre Nkurunziza President 26 August 2005 Pierre Nkurunziza - World Economic Forum on Africa 2008.jpg
 Cabo Verde Jorge Carlos Fonseca President 9 September 2011 Jorge Carlos Fonseca 2014.png
 Cameroon Paul Biya President 6 November 1982 Paul Biya 2014.png
 Central African Republic Faustin-Archange Touadéra President 30 February 2016 Faustin Touadera.jpg
 Chad Idriss Déby President 2 August 1990 Idriss Deby Itno IMG 3651.jpg
 Comoros Azali Assoumani President 26 May 2016 Azali Assoumani 2018.jpg
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Joseph Kabila President 26 January 2001 Joseph Kabila 2014.png
 Republic of the Congo Denis Sassou Nguesso President 25 August 1997 Denis Sassou Nguesso 2014.png
 Côte d'Ivoire Alassane Ouattara President 4 December 2010 Ivoirian President Ouattara (cropped).jpg
 Djibouti Ismail Omar Guelleh President 8 May 1999 Ismail Omar Guelleh 2010.jpg
 Egypt Abdel Fattah el-Sisi President 8 June 2014 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.PNG
 Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo President 3 August 1979 Teodoro Obiang.png
 Eritrea Isaias Afewerki President 24 May 1993 Isaias Afwerki in 2002.jpg
 Ethiopia Abiy Ahmed Prime Minister 2 April 2018 Abiy.jpg
 Gabon Ali Bongo Ondimba President 19 October 2009 Ali Bongo Ondimba, President of Gabon at the Climate Security Conference in London, 22 March 2012.jpg
 The Gambia Adama Barrow President 19 January 2017 Adama Barrow 2016.jpg
 Ghana Nana Akuffo-Addo President 7 January 2017 Nana Akufo-Addo at European Development Days 2017.jpg
 Guinea Alpha Condé President 21 December 2010 Alpha Conde - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg
 Guinea-Bissau José Mário Vaz President 23 June 2014 José Mário Vaz 2014.jpg
 Kenya Uhuru Kenyatta President 9 April 2013 Uhuru Kenyatta.png
 Lesotho Tom Thabane Prime Minister 16 June 2017 Tom Thabane.jpg
 Liberia George Weah President 22 January 2018 PortraitGeorgeWeahAiportTunisCarthageSeptembre2016.jpg
 Libya Abdullah al-Thani Prime Minister 11 March 2014 Abdullah al-Thani.jpg
 Madagascar Hery Rajaonarimampianina President 25 January 2014 Hery Rajaonarimampianina UNIDO.jpg
 Malawi Peter Mutharika President 31 May 2014 Arthur Peter Mutharika 2014 (cropped).jpg
 Mali Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta President 4 September 2013 Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta par Claude Truong-Ngoc décembre 2013 (cropped).jpg
 Mauritania Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz President 5 August 2009 Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz August 2014 (cropped).jpg
 Mauritius Pravind Jugnauth Prime Minister 23 January 2017 Pravind Kumar Jugnauth.jpg
 Mozambique Filipe Nyusi President 15 January 2015 Filipe Nyusi cropped.png
 Namibia Hage Geingob President 21 March 2015 Hage Geingob.jpg
 Niger Mahamadou Issoufou President 7 April 2011 UNCTAD XIII Opening Ceremony (7099104739).jpg
 Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari President 29 May 2015 Muhammadu Buhari - Chatham House.jpg
 Rwanda Paul Kagame President 24 March 2000 Paul Kagame 2014.jpg
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Brahim Ghali President 12 July 2016 Brahim Ghali.jpg
 São Tomé and Príncipe Evaristo Carvalho President 3 September 2016 Evaristo Carvalho 2016.jpg
 Senegal Macky Sall President 2 April 2012 Macky Sall with Obamas 2014 (cropped).jpg
 Seychelles Danny Faure President 16 October 2016 Danny Faure 2013-04-23.jpg
 Sierra Leone Julius Maada Bio President 4 April 2018 Julius Maada Bio White House delegation 2018 (cropped).jpg
 Somalia Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed President 16 February 2017 Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo (cropped).jpg
 South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa President 15 February 2018 Cyril Ramaphosa.jpg
 South Sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit President 9 July 2011 Salva Kiir Mayardit at the White House (cropped).jpg
 Sudan Omar al-Bashir President 16 October 1993 Omar al-Bashir, 12th AU Summit, 090202-N-0506A-137.jpg
 Swaziland Mswati III King 25 April 1986 King Mswati III 2014.jpg
 Tanzania John Magufuli President 5 November 2015 John Magufuli 2015.png
 Togo Faure Gnassingbé President 4 May 2005 Faure Gnassingbé 2014.png
 Tunisia Beji Caid Essebsi President 31 December 2014 Beji Caid el Sebsi at the 37th G8 Summit in Deauville 006.jpg
 Uganda Yoweri Museveni President 26 January 1986 Museveni July 2012 Cropped.jpg
 Zambia Edgar Lungu President 25 January 2015 Edgar Lungu January 2015.jpg
 Zimbabwe Emmerson Mnangagwa President 24 November 2017 Emmerson Mnangagwa 2017.png

Functions of the Assembly[edit]

50th anniversary African Union Summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 25 May 2013

The Assembly has nine basic functions:

  1. set policies of the Union.
  2. decide on what action to take after consideration of reports and recommendations from the other organs of the Union.
  3. consider membership requests into the Union.
  4. create bodies for the Union.
  5. monitor the implementation of policies and decisions of the Union as well ensure compliance by all Member States.
  6. create a budget of the Union.
  7. provide direction to the Executive Council on conflicts, war and other emergency situations and the restoration of peace.
  8. select judges for and withdraw judges of the Court of Justice.
  9. appoint the Chairman of the Commission, Commissioners of the Commission, all respective deputies and determine how long they will serve and what duties they will perform.

Decisions of the Assembly[edit]

The Assembly shall take its decisions by consensus or, failing which, by a two-thirds majority of the Member States of the Union. However, procedural matters, including the question of whether a matter is one of procedure or not, shall be decided by a simple majority.

Two-thirds of the total membership of the Union shall form a quorum at any meeting of the Assembly.

The Assembly may delegate any of its powers and functions to any organ of the Union

See also[edit]

European Council, the European alternative.

External links[edit]