Parliament of Albania

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Parliament of Albania
Kuvendi i Shqipërisë
Legislature XIX (Legislature VIII)[1]
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Eduard Paloka (Democrats), Gramoz Ruçi (Socialists), Petrit Vasili (SI Movement), Vangjel Dule (Greek Minority), Fatmir Mediu (Republicans), Shpëtim Idrizi (Cham)
Structure
Seats 140
Current Structure of the Assembly of the Republic of Albania
Political groups
     ASHE (Centre-left/Socialist) (85)
     APMI (Centre-right/Conservative) (55)
Elections
Closed list proportional representation
Last election
23 June 2013
Meeting place
Selia Kuvendit.jpg
Website
www.parlament.al
Footnotes
For current list of members see list of members.
Coat of arms of Albania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

The Parliament of Albania (Albanian: Kuvendi i Shqipërisë or short Kuvendi or Parlamenti), formerly the People's Parliament (Albanian: Kuvendi Popullor), is the unicameral parliament of the Republic of Albania. It has 140 members, elected for four-year terms. The electoral system is closed list proportional representation. There are 12 multi-member constituencies, corresponding to the country's 12 administrative regions. Within any constituency, parties must meet a threshold of three percent of votes; pre-election coalitions must meet a threshold of five percent. All laws passed by the parliament are published by the Albanian Official Journal (Albanian: Fletorja Zyrtare), the official journal of the government of Albania.[2]

Background and History[edit]

Early History[edit]

The legislative system in Albania has evolved under many different regimes, most notably in the period before 1947. From 1920 to 1923, Albania's legislature was known as the National Council (Albanian: Këshillit Kombëtar).[3] During the era of the Albanian Republic, Albania had a bicameral legislature, consisting of a Senate (Albanian: Senatit) and a Chamber of Deputies (Albanian: Dhomës së Deputetëve).[3] From 1928 to 1939, during the era of the first iteration of the Albanian Kingdom Albania's legislature was known simply as the Parliament (Albanian: Parlamentit).[3] From 1940-1943, during the Italian occupation of Albania and the existence of the 1939 Albanian Kingdom, Albania's legislature was known as the Supreme Fascist Cooperative (Albanian: Epërm Fashist Koorporativ).[3] From 1943 to 1944, during Nazi occupation of Albania and the formation of the 1943 Albanian Kingdom, Albania's legislature was known as the National Assembly (Albanian: Kuvendit Kombëtar).[3] From 1944 to late 1945, a National Anti-fascist Liberation Council (Albanian: Këshilli Antifashist Nacionalçlirimtar) was formed by politicians opposing the Nazi puppet government.[4]

During multiple periods of regime change Albania's legislature was known as the Constituent Assembly (Albanian: Asamblesë Kushtetuese or Kuvendit Kushtetuese). This occurred in 1924, prior to the formation of the Albanian Republic, in 1928, prior to the formation of the first iteration of the Albanian Kingdom, and from 1946 to 1947, prior during the era Democratic Government of Albania and prior to the formation of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania.[3]

Recent History[edit]

From 1947 to 1999, during the era of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania, Albania's legislature was known as the People's Assembly (Albanian: Kuvendit Popullor).[3] Since 1997, the parliament has been known simply as the Parliament (Albanian: Kuvendit të RSH).[3][a] Currently the President is elected by the parliament. The current members were chosen in the 2013 Albanian parliamentary election.

Parties represented in the Parliament of Albania[edit]

Name Abbr. Ideology Leader MPs
Socialist Party of Albania
Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë
PS Social democracy, Third Way, Progressive, Centre-left, Western, Modernism, Social liberalism Edi Rama 65
Democratic Party of Albania
Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë
PD Liberal conservatism, Conservatism, Nationalism, Pro-Europeanism, Centre-right, Economic liberalism Lulzim Basha[8] 50
Socialist Movement for Integration
Lëvizja Socialiste për Intigrim
LSI Social democracy, Progressivism, Centre-left Ilir Meta 16
Party for Justice, Integration and Unity
Partia për Drejtësi, Integrim dhe Unitet
PDIU Nationalism, Right-wing, Ethnic nationalism, Cham issue Shpëtim Idrizi 4
Republican Party of Albania
Partia Republikane e Shqipërisë
PR National conservatism, Nationalism, Economic liberalism, Right-wing Fatmir Mediu 3
Unity for Human Rights Party
Partia Bashkimi për të Drejtat e Njeriut
PBDNJ Greek minority politics, Centrism, Social liberalism, Greek nationalism, Pro-Europeanism, Immigrant Rights, Christian Orthodox Vangjel Dule (Evangelos Doules) 1
Christian Democratic Party
Partia Kristian Demokratike e Shqipërisë
PKDSH Christian democratic, Conservatism, Christian minority politics Mark Frroku 1

Constituencies[edit]

County Members
Berat 8
Dibër 6
Durrës 13
Elbasan 14
Fier 16
Gjirokastër 5
Korçë 12
Kukës 4
Lezhë 7
Shkodër 11
Tirana 32
Vlorë 12

Renovation[edit]

Since the end of the 2010 parliamentary season, the parliament has been renovated.[citation needed]

Committees[edit]

The Albanian parliament has the following 10 committees:[9]

List of Chairmen of the Parliament of Albania[edit]

Members (since 1990)[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A direct dictionary translation would be "Assembly."[5][6] However, the Albanian government uses the translation "Parliament."[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ According to the new ranking, legislatures are calculated from the first democratic parliament.
  2. ^ Website of the Albanian Official Journal
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Leaders over the years". https://www.parlament.al. Albanian Parliament. Retrieved 7 June 2016.  External link in |website= (help)
  4. ^ "Kronologji e legjislaturave në Shqipëri (Chronology of legislatures in Albania)" (in Albanian). Albanian Parliament. Retrieved 7 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Hysa, Ramazan (2003). Albanian-English, English-Albanian Standard Dictionary. New York, NY: Hippocrene Books. p. 184. ISBN 978-0-7818-0979-5. 
  6. ^ Leonard, Newmark, ed. (1999). Albanian-English Dictionary. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. p. 431-432. ISBN 0-19-860322-3. 
  7. ^ "Republic of Albania Parliament". Albanian Parliament. Retrieved 7 June 2016. 
  8. ^ http://www.montrealgazette.com/news/Albanias+Democratic+Party+elects+Lulzim+Basha+leader/8695428/story.html
  9. ^ http://www.parlament.al/web/Komisionet_e_Posacme_10031_1.php

Coordinates: 41°19′34″N 19°49′23″E / 41.32611°N 19.82306°E / 41.32611; 19.82306