Assis skyline at Nove de Julho Avenue
Location in São Paulo state
|• Mayor||Ricardo Pinheiro (2013-2016)|
|• Total||460.61 km2 (177.84 sq mi)|
|Elevation||543 m (1,781 ft)|
|• Density||220/km2 (570/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BRT/BRST (UTC-3/-2)|
Assis is a city and a municipality in the southwestern part of the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The population is 101,597 (2015 est.) in an area of 460.61 km². The town was founded on July 5, 1905 and became a municipality in 1917, when it was separated from Platina. It is the largest city of its microregion, and the 2nd of its mesoregion, and is 434 km away from the capital, São Paulo. The town has an annual average temperature of 21,37 °C, annual rainfall 1,441 mm (56.7 in), and the vegetation predominates Mata Atlântica and Cerrado, is then a transition zone of vegetation. Its Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.805, considered high if comparated to state and is in 28th place among Brazilian cities.
The name Assis is a reference to Captain Assis, who explored the lands of the region. Is currently formed by the city of Assis, with its single district headquarters since Tarumã became a separate municipality in 1990.
The city is known for its title Fraternal City and the undergraduate courses from UNESP at Assis, FEMA (Municipal Assis Educational Foundation) and Unip (Universidade Paulista - Paulista University). In the city, there are many industries, schools, universities, large agriculture production and strong commerce and services. The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Assis. Assis is one of the most important of region and has a privileged geographic location where there are different types of agriculture. Furthermore, the city is served by Marcelo Pires Halzhausen State Airport. Assis is cropped by the railroad old Estrada de Ferro Sorocabana and by numerous highways connecting the main cities of the region, the states of Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraná
Furthermore, the city is regional development reference, with influence in the cities of Assis's Microregion, a few municipalities in the Ourinhos's Microregion, Marília's Microregion and North of Paraná by his commerce, services, cultural services, sports, science and technology that make Assis that bears the title of Capital of Paranapanema, even with strong competition from larger centers such as Marilia, Presidente Prudente and Londrina.
Administration and political
Mayor: Ricardo Pinheiro (2013/2016)
Assis is seat of Government Region State and of CIVAP - Consórcio Intermunicipal do Vale Paranapanema (Intermunicipal Consortium of Paranapanema Valley) what is an alliance of 25 cities in Paranapanema Region with 300k habitants.
|Composition of Economy(2011)|
|Commerce and Services||80,44 %|
The economy of city is diverse with stronger commerce and services participation, but with huge state participation. Like other cities of Brazil, its market isn't a free market. Has a huge regulations, taxes and other effects of huge Brazilian state. In the city are many marketplaces like Supermercados Avenida, Rede 20 Supermercados, Supermercados Amigão, Supermercados São Judas Tadeu and Walmart. The city was growing in IT, in the city was a huge number of IT companies (98 companies of IT is operating in Assis) like VSM, TOTVS Agroindústria, WebManagers, SE7I, PENZE, ComunicarTI, Engemap and others.
Assis has a system of state and private primary and secondary schools and a variety of vocational-technical schools. It's started in 1917 when Assis was transformated into city. The first official and state school was Assis Isolated School (Escola Isolada de Assis), what was evoluted to Scholar Group of Assis (Grupo Escolar de Assis). After that, was created in 1941 the Assis Normal School (Escola Normal de Assis) with High School course and Normal course, that allowed the teacher formation.
In 1951 was created officially the Artesanal School of Assis (Escola Artesanal de Assis), that was evoluted into Industrial School of Assis, that nowadays is Assis's State Technical School "Pedro D'Arcádia Neto".
Furthermore, in 1956 the São Paulo State Legislature approved the Bill proposed by the House Representative Mr José Santilli Sobrinho who creates the Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Languages of Assis (Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Assis) as an Institute for Higher Education. In 1959 was installed the course of Languages. Today the faculty is a part of multi-campus system of Universidade Estadual Paulista (Paulista State University) with name Faculty of Science and Languages of Assis (FCLA)
In the city are other universities like FEMA which was created by Assis's city hall (in other words, is a state university), but unlike Unesp the courses are not free and their students are required to pay tuition in all courses. "Histórico da FEMA" (PDF) (in Portuguese).
The universities and colleges include:
- Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp), Paulista State University Júlio de Mesquita Filho;
- Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de São Paulo (IFSP), São Paulo Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology;
- Faculdade de Tecnologia de São Paulo (Fatec), São Paulo Technological College;
- Fundação Educacional do Município de Assis (FEMA), Municipal Assis Educational Foundation;
- Universidade Paulista (Unip), Paulista University;
- União das Instituições Educacionais de São Paulo (Uniesp), Union of Colleges of State of São Paulo;
- Universidade Virtual do Estado de São Paulo (Univesp), São Paulo Virtual University;
- Universidade do Norte do Paraná (Unopar), Paraná Northern University;
- University of São Paulo (USP) - Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz da Universidade de São Paulo - Postgraduate online courses;
Assis has a large health care state and private system like Hospital Regional de Assis, the largest health care center of Mesoregion of Assis and reference in public health in this region. The city have a huge number of hospital around the city. Furthermore, the city has other hospitals like Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Assis and Hospital de Olhos Oeste Paulista (Hospital of Eyes of Paulista West), one of the best ophthalmological hospital in the country.
Assis is the headquarters of the Departamento de Estradas e Rodagens de São Paulo (Departament of Roads of São Paulo), being the 7th Regional Division. It is responsible for managing state roads of Middle Paranapanema and part of the Marília's Mesoregion and Ourinhos's Microregion.
- Avenida/Rodovia Benedito Pires (Benedito Pires Highway/Avenue) - Connects Assis to Cândido Mota. Four-lane highway.
- SP-270 - Rodovia Raposo Tavares (Raposo Tavares Highway) - Connects Assis to Ourinhos, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo and others. From Ourinhos to Presidente Prudente is a freeway highway.
- SP-284 - Rodovia Manilo Gobbi (Manilo Gobbi Highway) - Connects Assis to Paraguaçu Paulista
- SP-333 - Rodovia Rachid Rayes (Rachid Rayes Highway) - Connects Assis to Marília and Bauru
- SP-333 - Rodovia Miguel Jubran (Miguel Jubran Highway) - Connects Assis to Tarumã, Florínia and Paraná State (old Assis - Londrina Highway). Assis to Tarumã is a freeway highway.
The city is served by Assis Airport.
- Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
- "Cria o municipio de Assis, na comarca de Campos Novos do Paranapanema" (in Portuguese).
- "Distâncias entre a cidade de São Paulo e todas as cidades do interior paulista".
- "IDH brasileiro e posições por cidade" (in Portuguese).
- Cf. BRASIL. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Enciclopédia dos Município brasileiros. cit., vol XXVIII, 1956, págs. 87-88.
- "Estimativa populacional de Assis para 2015" (PDF) (in Portuguese).
- AssisCity. "IBGE estima população em 96333".
- "Estimativas de 1992 até 2014".
- "Dispõe sobre alterações no Quadro Territorial-Administrativo do Estado" (in Portuguese).
- "História de Assis - Site da Câmara Municipal de Assis" (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2014-01-04.
- "Perfil Municipal, Emprego e Rendimento - SEADE". 2011. Archived from the original on 2014-05-29.
- "Inauguração do Walmart" (in Portuguese).
- "TOTVS faz terceira aquisição do ano e leva a PRX" (in Portuguese).
- "Site da VSM" (in Portuguese).
- GUSMÃO, Emery Marques. ARQUIVOS ESCOLARES, MEMÓRIA E CULTURA. UNESP – FCLAs – CEDAP, V.1, n.1, p. 56-65, 2005.
- "Site da Etec Pedro D'Arcádia Neto" (in Portuguese).
- "Institucional da FCLA - Unesp de Assis" (in Portuguese).
- "Divisões do DER" (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.