Assistant at the Pontifical Throne

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Tobia Aoun named Assistant to the Pontifical Throne in 1862

Assistant at the Pontifical Throne was an ecclesiastical title in the Roman Catholic Church. It designated a prelate belonging to the Papal Chapel, who stood near the throne of the Pope at solemn functions. The title has not been in use since the Second Vatican Council in 1968 that eliminated all previous nobiliary titles. Unless specified otherwise, all Assistants to the Pontifical Throne immediately entered the Papal nobility as Counts of Rome. Assistants to the Pontifical Throne ranked immediately below the College of Cardinals and were also Counts of the Apostolic Palace

History[edit]

All patriarchs and some bishops selected by the Pope, were made Assistants to the Pontifical Throne.

On 22 May 1862, during the canonization ceremony of the twenty-six Catholic martyrs of Japan, Pope Pius IX elevated all the bishops present to the rank of Assistant to the Pontifical Throne. On 8 January 1866, Ruggero Luigi Emidio Antici Mattei was named Dean of the Assistants to the Pontifical Throne after Pope Pius IX named him Latin Patriarch of Constantinople. On 17 June 1867, during the 1800th anniversary of the martyrdom of Saints Peter and Paul, Pope Pius IX elevated all the bishops present to the rank of Assistant to the Pontifical Throne.

The title has not been in use since the Second Vatican Council, following Pope Paul VI's reform of the pontifical household in 1968 that eliminated all previous nobiliary titles.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • [1] Cardinal Antici Mattei as Dean of the Assistants to the Pontifical Throne