Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines

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An Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines is one of 15 members of the Philippine Supreme Court, the highest court in the Philippines. The Chief Justice presides over the High Court, but carries only one of the 15 votes in the court. Traditionally, the Chief Justice is deemed primus inter pares ("first among equals") among the Justices.

Until 1973, only men were appointed as Associate Justices to the Court. Cecilia Muñoz-Palma, an appointee of President Ferdinand Marcos, was the first woman to sit on the Court. Since then, 13 other women have been appointed as Associate Justices of the Supreme Court.

Constitutional requirements and limitations[edit]

Under the 1987 Constitution, the minimum requirements for appointment to the Supreme Court are natural born citizenship; 40 years of age; and 15 years or more as a judge of a lower court or engaged in the practice of law in the Philippines. (sec. 7(1), Article VIII) The members of the Court are appointed by the President from a list of at least 3 nominees prepared by the Judicial and Bar Council. (sec. 9, Article VIII) The appointment is not subject to confirmation by Congress.

Members of the Court are mandated to retire upon reaching the age of 70. (sec. 11, Article VIII) They may also be removed from office through impeachment, which is accomplished through a resolution of impeachment affirmed by a 1/3 vote of all members of the House of Representatives and conviction by 2/3 vote of all members of the Senate.

Since 1901, there has always been only one Chief Justice. In contrast, the number of Associate Justices has wildly varied. From the original number of six (1901–1916), this was increased to eight (1916–1935), then to ten (1935–1940). During the years 1940-1945, the membership varied from five to seven. After liberation in 1945, the number was reset to ten, and the current number of fourteen was first set in place with the enactment of the 1973 Constitution. During the first few months of the Aquino administration, ten Associate Justices sat on the Court, but the appointment of Carolina Griño-Aquino in February 1988 finally restored the number of Associate Justices at fourteen.

Official functions[edit]

The cases decided by the Supreme Court involve several classes of disputes. Most prominently, the Court is called upon to exercise the power of judicial review of presidential or legislative actions. More often, the Court also undertakes appellate review of decisions of the trial courts and the Court of Appeals in civil and criminal cases. The Court is also tasked with deciding administrative cases involving members and employees of the judiciary and of lawyers belonging to the Philippine Bar. The decisions of the Court become part of the law of the land.

Each Justice carries one vote on the Court which they exercise whether when sitting in Division, or in the full complement of 15 (or "en banc"). Since the 1970s, the Supreme Court has sat in three divisions, with five Justices as members of each division. As most Supreme Court cases are decided by the division rather than the en banc, a vote of three Justices sitting in a division is usually sufficient to decide the case. However, the Constitution prescribes instances whereby a case must be decided en banc, such as in declaring a law as unconstitutional or when a judicial precedent is overturned. Each vote can be crucial, as recently shown in the 2006 People's Initiative case (Lambino v. COMELEC), which was decided en banc by an 8-7 vote.

As a case is decided, one justice in the majority is assigned to write the majority opinion for the Court. Even as these decisions speak in behalf of the Court, the writer of the opinion (known as the "ponente") is strongly identified with the decision, and the body of opinions of each Justice enhances his/her reputation. Many important opinions are analyzed in law schools and are well-remembered long after the Justice had left the Court. For example, several of the opinions of Associate Justice Jose P. Laurel were crucial in the development of Philippine jurisprudence and are widely read and quoted nearly 70 years after they had been written.

Any other Justice, whether they be in the majority or in the minority, is entitled to write a separate opinion in a case to clarify his/her views, or even to challenge the points raised in the majority opinion. In the 1973 case of Javellana v. Executive Secretary, concerning the ratification of the 1973 Constitution, each Justice chose to write a separate opinion, while more recently, the 2005 decision on the Expanded VAT Law (Abakada v. Executive Secretary) saw 11 separate opinions. The separate opinions of a Justice in the majority is usually known as a "concurring opinion", while one penned by a Justice in the minority is known as a "dissenting opinion". A Justice who only partially agrees with the majority opinion while disagreeing with portions thereof may even write a "concurring and dissenting opinion".

While these separate opinions do not receive as much public attention as majority opinions, they are usually studied in the legal academe and by other judges. On several occasions, views expressed in a dissenting or concurring opinion were adopted by the Supreme Court in later years. Justice Gregorio Perfecto, whose staunch libertarian views were out of sync with the Cold War era, wrote over 140 dissenting opinions in just 4 years. Years after his death, some of his views in dissent, such as in Moncado v. People's Court (1948) were adopted by a more liberal Supreme Court.

The rule of seniority[edit]

The Associate Justices of the Court are usually ordered according to the date of their appointment. There are no official ramifications as to this ranking, although the order determines the seating arrangement on the bench and is duly considered in all matters of protocol. Within the discretion of the Court, the ranking may also factor into the composition of the divisions of the Court.

In 1986, the order of seniority in the Court was modified upon the assumption to the presidency of Corazon C. Aquino. President Aquino had sought to reorganize the Court by obtaining the resignation of most of the Associate Justices who had been appointed by Ferdinand Marcos, and filling those vacancies with her own choices. Eventually, Aquino chose to re-appoint three Marcos-appointed Justices: Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera, Hugo Gutierrez, Jr.[1] and Nestor Alampay, but did so only after appointing several new Justices to the Court. The previous service of these three were not considered for the purposes of determining seniority. This point would cause a minor controversy in 1992. During that time, it was advocated in some sectors that Herrera, as the longest serving incumbent Associate Justice, was more qualified to succeed the resigned Chief Justice Marcelo Fernan than Andres Narvasa, who was considered as the Senior Associate Justice despite having been appointed to the Court 7 years after Melencio-Herrera. President Aquino eventually appointed Narvasa over Herrera.

The incumbent Justice with the earliest date of appointment is deemed the Senior Associate Justice. While the Senior Associate Justice has no constitutional or statutory duties, he or she usually acts as Acting Chief Justice during the absence of the Chief Justice. The Senior Associate Justice is also usually designated as the chairperson of the second division of the Court.

The following became Senior Associate Justices in their tenure in the Supreme Court

Becoming Chief Justice[edit]

Only two persons appointed as Chief Justice had not previously served as Associate Justices. These were Cayetano Arellano, the first Chief Justice, and Jose Yulo, the former Speaker of the House of Representatives who was appointed as Chief Justice during the Japanese period. All other Chief Justices, except for Victorino Mapa, were incumbent Associate Justices at the time of their appointment as Chief Justice. Mapa had served as Associate Justice from 1901 to 1913, when he was appointed as Secretary of Justice. Mapa would be appointed as Chief Justice in 1920.

Another tradition, though less stringently observed, was that the most senior Associate Justice would be appointed as Chief Justice upon a permanent vacancy to that post. Deviations from this tradition, especially in recent years, have caused some controversy. Senior Associate Justice Claudio Teehankee, who had emerged as a fervent critic of Ferdinand Marcos, was twice bypassed for Chief Justice by Marcos. More recently, in 2005, the appointment of Artemio Panganiban as Chief Justice over Senior Associate Justice Reynato Puno was also the subject of some controversy. Puno was eventually appointed as Chief Justice in 2006. Another contender for Chief Justice in 2006 was Senator Miriam Defensor Santiago. Had Santiago been appointed Chief Justice, she would have been the first person since Jose Yulo in 1942 to have been appointed Chief without serving as Associate Justice. When Justice Renato Corona assumed as Chief Justice on May 17, 2010, the most senior Associate Justice was Antonio Carpio, who was appointed to the Court in October 2001, 6 months before Corona's own appointment.

List of Associate Justices of the Supreme Court[edit]

# Justice Life dates
(Age)'{Longevity)
Start of term End of term Replacing Chief Justices Chief Executive
1 Cayetano Arellano March 2, 1847 — December 23, 1920
(73 years, 296 days) (26959 days)
June 11, 1901 April 12, 1920
(18 years, 306 days) (6880 days)
Newly created seat First Chief Justice William Howard Taft
2 Florentino Torres October 16, 1844 – April 29, 1927
(82 years, 195 days) (30144 days)
June 17, 1901 April 20, 1920
(18 years, 308 days) (6882 days)
Cayetano Arellano William Howard Taft
3 Victorino Mapa February 25, 1855 – April 12, 1927
(72 years, 48 days) (26040 days)
June 17, 1901 October 31, 1913
(12 years, 136 days) (4519 days)
Cayetano Arellano William Howard Taft
4 James Francis Smith January 28, 1859 – June 29, 1928
(69 years, 153 days) (25354 days)
June 17, 1901 February 17, 1903
(1 year, 255 days) (620 days)
Cayetano Arellano William Howard Taft
5 Joseph F. Cooper March 30, 1854 – April 18, 1942
(88 years, 19 days) (31795 days)
June 17, 1901 October 17, 1904
(3 years, 122 days) (1218 days)
Cayetano Arellano William Howard Taft
6 Charles A. Willard May 21, 1857 – March 13, 1914
(1,923 years, 19 days) (31795 days)
June 17, 1901 April 24, 1904
(2 years, 312 days) (1042 days)
Cayetano Arellano William Howard Taft
7 Fletcher Ladd December 21, 1862 – December 12, 1903
(40 years, 356 days) (14965 days)
June 17, 1901 July 13, 1903
(2 years, 26 days) (756 days)
Cayetano Arellano William Howard Taft
8 John T. McDonough July 12, 1843 – October 12, 1907
(63 years, 280 days) (31795 days)
February 18, 1903 May 1, 1904
(1 year, 63 days) (428 days)
James Francis Smith Cayetano Arellano William Howard Taft
9 Elias Finley Johnson June 24, 1861 – August 1, 1933
(72 years, 39 days) (26330 days)
October 3, 1903 April 1, 1933
(29 years, 182 days) (10775 days)
Fletcher Ladd Cayetano Arellano William Howard Taft
10 Adam Clarke Carson January 14, 1869 – May 23, 1941
(72 years, 129 days) (23574 days)
November 16, 1904 November 30, 1920
(16 years, 6 days) (5850 days)
Charles A. Willard Cayetano Arellano Luke Edward Wright
11 James F. Tracy March 30, 1854 – September 19, 1925
(72 years, 129 days) (23574 days)
July 1, 1905 July 2, 1909
(4 years, 1 day) (1462 days)
John T. Mcdonough Cayetano Arellano Luke Edward Wright
12 Sherman Moreland October 16, 1868 – December 27, 1951
(83 years, 72 days) (30386 days)
February 1, 1909 April 23, 1917
(8 years, 81 days) (3003 days)
Cayetano Arellano James Francis Smith
13 Charles Burke Elliott January 6, 1861 – September 18, 1935
(74 years, 249 days) (27276 days)
June 3, 1909 February 13, 1910
(1 year, 12 days) (377 days)
Cayetano Arellano James Francis Smith
14 Grant T. Trent 3 August 1860 – May 4, 1947
(86 years, 274 days) (31683 days)
February 28, 1910 April 23, 1917
(7 years, 44 days) (2601 days)
Charles Burke Elliott Cayetano Arellano William Cameron Forbes
15 Manuel Araullo January 1, 1853 – July 26, 1924
(71 years, 207 days) (26138 days)
December 16, 1913 October 31, 1921
(7 years, 319 days) (2876 days)
Victorino Mapa Cayetano Arellano Francis Burton Harrison
16 Thomas A. Street March 14, 1872 – March 17, 1936
(64 years, 3 days) (23378 days)
June 13, 1917 June 1, 1935
(17 years, 323 days) (6532 days)
Cayetano Arellano Francis Burton Harrison
17 George A. Malcolm November 5, 1881 – May 16, 1961
(79 years, 192 days) (29046 days)
July 9, 1917 February 1, 1936
(18 years, 207 days) (6781 days)
Cayetano Arellano Francis Burton Harrison
18 Ramón Avanceña April 13, 1872 – June 12, 1957
(85 years, 58 days) (31103 days)
October 31, 1917 March 31, 1925
(7 years, 151 days) (6781 days)
Cayetano Arellano Francis Burton Harrison
19 Frederich Charles Fisher 16 January 1879 – 17 August 1964
(85 years, 214 days) (31259 days)
November 17, 1917 November 16, 1918
(−1 day) (−1 days)
Cayetano Arellano Francis Burton Harrison
20 Percy M. Moir February 24, 1870 — February 21, 1928
(57 years, 362 days) (21180 days)
November 25, 1918 November 20, 1920
(1 year, 361 days) (726 days)
Cayetano Arellano Francis Burton Harrison
21 Ignacio Villamor February 1, 1863 - May 23, 1933
(70 years, 111 days) (25678 days)
May 19, 1920 May 25, 1933
(12 years, 361 days) (4744 days)
Cayetano Arellano Francis Burton Harrison
22 James A. Ostrand January 20, 1871 — April 15, 1937
(70 years, 111 days) (25678 days)
September 27, 1921 June 30, 1933
(11 years, 240 days) (4744 days)
Victorino Mapa Charles Yeater
23 Charles A. Johns June 25, 1857 – January 11, 1932
(74 years, 200 days) (27227 days)
October 7, 1921 January 11, 1932
(10 years, 96 days) (3748 days)
Percy M. Moir Victorino Mapa Charles Yeater
24 Norberto Romualdez June 6, 1875 – November 4, 1941
(66 years, 151 days) (24257 days)
November 1, 1921 April 1, 1932
(10 years, 152 days) (3804 days)
Manuel Araullo Manuel Araullo Leonard Wood
25 Antonio Villareal January 17, 1880 — February 12, 1945
(65 years, 26 days) (23767 days)
June 16, 1925 June 5, 1940
(14 years, 355 days) (3804 days)
Ramón Avanceña Ramón Avanceña Leonard Wood
26 John A. Hull August 7, 1874 – April 17, 1944
(69 years, 254 days) (25455 days)
June 1, 1932 February 1, 1936
(14 years, 355 days) (6791 days)
Charles A. Johns Ramón Avanceña Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
27 James C. Vickers August 5, 1877 – January 28, 1945
(67 years, 176 days) (24647 days)
June 1, 1932 February 1, 1936
(3 years, 245 days) (1340 days)
Ramón Avanceña Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
28 José Abad Santos February 19, 1886 - May 2, 1942 June 18, 1932 December 23, 1941 Norberto Romualdez Ramón Avanceña Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
29 Carlos A. Imperial November 4, 1880 June 22, 1932 May 20, 1941 Ramón Avanceña Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
30 George C. Butte May 9, 1877 - January 18, 1940 July 1, 1932 February 1, 1936 Ramón Avanceña Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
31 Anacleto Diaz November 20, 1878 - January 18, 1940 November 20, 1933 December 19, 1941 Ramón Avanceña Frank Murphy
32 Leonard S. Goddard January 29, 1871–June 6, 1959 January 9, 1934 January 29, 1936 Ramón Avanceña Frank Murphy
33 Claro M. Recto February 8, 1890 - October 2, 1960 July 3, 1935 November 1, 1936 Ramón Avanceña Frank Murphy
34 José P. Laurel March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959 February 29, 1936 February 5, 1942 Ramón Avanceña Manuel L. Quezon
35 Pedro Concepción April 18, 1893–May 11, 1969 October 31, 1936 January 1, 1940 Ramón Avanceña Manuel L. Quezon
36 Manuel V. Moran October 27, 1893 - August 23, 1961 December 12, 1938 July 9, 1945 Ramón Avanceña Manuel L. Quezon
37 Roman Ozaeta February 28, 1891&ndasj;July 19, 1973 June 24, 1941 October 16, 1950 Antonio Villareal Ramón Avanceña Manuel L. Quezon
38 Ricardo Parás February 17, 1891 – October 10, 1984
(93 years, 236 days) (34194 days)
December 28, 1941 April 1, 1951
(9 years, 94 days) (3381 days)
José Abad Santos Manuel L. Quezon
39 José Yulo September 24, 1894 – October 27, 1976 February 5, 1942 May 7, 1942 José Abad Santos Manuel L. Quezon
40 Jorge C. Bocobo October 19, 1886–July 23, 1965 February 5, 1942 January 31, 1944 José Abad Santos Manuel L. Quezon
41 Jose Generoso December 19, 1890–April 14, 1976 May 11, 1942 July 15, 1948 José Yulo Manuel L. Quezon
42 Jose Lopez Vito May 12, 1872 - May 7, 1947 May 11, 1942 January 31, 1944 José Yulo Manuel L. Quezon
42-A[2] Domingo Imperial August 4 1890 - July 19, 1965 May 11, 1942 January 31, 1944 José Yulo Manuel L. Quezon
43 Antonio Horrilleno February 13, 1878- September 5, 1964 July 1, 1943 August 17, 1945 José Yulo Manuel L. Quezon
44 Delfin Jaranilla December 24, 1883 – June 4, 1980
(96 years, 302 days) (35226 days)
June 6, 1945 June 6, 1946
(1 year, 0 days) (365 days)
José Yulo José P. Laurel
Sergio Osmeña
45 Felicisimo R. Feria August 6, 1883-June 2, 1957 June 6, 1945 August 6, 1953 José Yulo José P. Laurel
Sergio Osmeña
46 Mariano H. De Joya September 8, 1887-July 5, 1964 June 6, 1945 June 25, 1945 José Yulo José P. Laurel
Sergio Osmeña
47 Guillermo Pablo June 25, 1886 – August 2, 1992
(106 years, 38 days) (38647 days)
June 6, 1945 June 4, 1955
(9 years, 363 days) (3650 days)
José Yulo José P. Laurel
Sergio Osmeña
48 Gregorio Perfecto November 28, 1891 – August 17, 1949 June 6, 1945 August 17, 1949 José Yulo José P. Laurel
Sergio Osmeña
49 Emilio Y. Hilado November 1, 1891- October 25, 1967 June 6, 1945 May 31, 1948 José Yulo José P. Laurel
Sergio Osmeña
50 Jose A. Espiritu April 10, 1886 – May 30, 1982
(96 years, 50 days) (35113 days)
June 6, 1945 August 15, 1945
(70 days) (70 days)
José Yulo José P. Laurel
Sergio Osmeña
51 Manuel C. Briones January 1, 1893 – September 29, 1957 September 15, 1945 May 24, 1949 Manuel V. Moran Sergio Osmeña
52 César Bengzon May 29, 1896 – September 3, 1992
(96 years, 97 days) (35160 days)
September 15, 1945 April 28, 1961
(15 years, 225 days) (5714 days)
Manuel V. Moran Sergio Osmeña
53 Sabino B. Padilla August 21, 1894 – June 15, 1986
(91 years, 298 days) (33535 days)
June 25, 1946 August 21, 1964
(18 years, 67 days) (6642 days)
Manuel V. Moran Manuel Roxas
54 Pedro Tuazon September 15, 1884-June 28, 1961 June 25, 1946 January 4, 1954 Manuel V. Moran Manuel Roxas
55 Jose Hontiveros March 19, 1889-May 21, 1954 June 25, 1946 October 16, 1947 Manuel V. Moran Manuel Roxas
56 Alejandro A. Reyes June 4, 1899-July 23, 1960 August 6, 1948 June 3, 1959 Jose Generoso Manuel V. Moran Elpidio Quirino
57 Marcelino R. Montemayor July 27, 1890-September 11, 1971 August 21, 1948 July 27, 1960 Manuel V. Moran Elpidio Quirino
58 Luis P. Torres April 8, 1880 - January 9, 1959 August 20, 1949 April 1, 1950 Manuel V. Moran Elpidio Quirino
59 Felix Angelo Bautista May 20, 1896-April 11, 1990 October 20, 1950 May 20, 1956 Manuel V. Moran Elpidio Quirino
60 Fernando Jugo May 14, 1891 - June 3, 1956 October 20, 1950 June 3, 1956 Manuel V. Moran Elpidio Quirino
61 Alejo Labrador July 17, 1894 - March 15, 1967 April 22, 1952 July 17, 1964 Ricardo Parás Elpidio Quirino
62 Roberto Concepcion June 7, 1903 – May 3, 1987 February 9, 1954 June 17, 1966 Ricardo Parás Ramon Magsaysay
63 Ramon Diokno March 28, 1886 - April 21, 1954 February 10, 1954 April 21, 1954 Ricardo Parás Ramon Magsaysay
64 Jose B. L. Reyes August 19, 1902 – December 27, 1994 June 30, 1954 August 19, 1972 Ramon Diokno Ricardo Parás Ramon Magsaysay
65 Pastor M. Endencia July 26, 1890-July 22, 1981 December 20, 1955 July 26, 1960 Ricardo Parás Ramon Magsaysay
66 Alfonso Felix September 17, 1888 - 7 April 1975 July 24, 1956 September 17, 1958 Ricardo Parás Ramon Magsaysay
67 Jesus G. Barrera December 18, 1896-August 28, 1988 June 5, 1959 December 18, 1966 Ricardo Parás Carlos P. García
68 Jose Gutierrez David January 29, 1891 - September 19, 1893 August 28, 1959 January 29, 1961 Ricardo Parás Carlos P. García
69 Arsenio Dizon October 5, 1901 - January 30, 1990 July 26, 1960 October 5, 1971 Ricardo Parás Carlos P. García
70 Jose Ma. Paredes August 15, 1895-December 5, 1990 August 18, 1960 August 15, 1965 Ricardo Parás Carlos P. García
71 Dionisio De Leon April 8, 1892 April 28, 1961 April 8, 1962 César Bengzon Carlos P. García
72 Felipe Natividad September 20, 1891 April 8, 1962 September 20, 1962 César Bengzon Diosdado Macapagal
73 Roberto Regala June 7, 1897 May 23, 1962 December 22, 1975 César Bengzon Diosdado Macapagal
74 Querube Makalintal December 22, 1910 May 23, 1962 October 21, 1973 César Bengzon Diosdado Macapagal
75 Calixto Zaldivar September 13, 1904 September 12, 1964 September 13, 1974 Alejo Labrador César Bengzon Diosdado Macapagal
76 Jose P. Bengzon May 5, 1898 September 12, 1964 May 5, 1968 Sabino B. Padilla César Bengzon Diosdado Macapagal
77 Conrado V. Sanchez February 19, 1900 May 29, 1966 February 19, 1970 César Bengzon Ferdinand Marcos
78 Fred Ruiz Castro September 2, 1914 - April 19, 1979
(64 years, 229 days) (23605} days)
May 29, 1966 January 5, 1976 César Bengzon Ferdinand Marcos
79 Eugenio Angeles November 2, 1898 – November 4, 1977
(79 years, 3 days) (28857} days)
June 30, 1967 November 2, 1968 Roberto Concepcion Ferdinand Marcos
80 Enrique Fernando July 25, 1915 - October 13, 2004
(89 years, 80 days) (23605} days)
June 30, 1967 July 1, 1979 Roberto Concepcion Ferdinand Marcos
81 Francisco Capistrano October 6, 1899 September 16, 1968 October 6, 1969 Roberto Concepcion Ferdinand Marcos
82 Claudio Teehankee April 18, 1918 December 17, 1968 April 1, 1986 Eugenio Angeles Roberto Concepcion Ferdinand Marcos
83 Antonio P. Barredo October 1, 1912 December 17, 1968 October 4, 1982 Roberto Concepcion Ferdinand Marcos
84 Julio Villamor April 12, 1902 January 24, 1970 April 12, 1972 Roberto Concepcion Ferdinand Marcos
85 Felix Makasiar November 20, 1915 August 2, 1970 July 25, 1985 Conrado V. Sanchez Roberto Concepcion Ferdinand Marcos
86 Felix Q. Antonio May 18, 1911 June 1972 May 18, 1980 Roberto Concepcion Ferdinand Marcos
87 Salvador V. Esguerra June 19, 1906 June 1972 June 19, 1976 Roberto Concepcion Ferdinand Marcos
88 Estanislao A. Fernandez March 28, 1910 October 19, 1973 March 28, 1975 Jose B. L. Reyes Querube Makalintal Ferdinand Marcos
89 Cecilia Muñoz-Palma November 22, 1913 - January 2, 2006
(92 years, 41 days) (33644 days)
October 29, 1973 November 22, 1978 Newly created seat Querube Makalintal Ferdinand Marcos
90 Ramon Aquino August 31, 1917 - March 31, 1993
(75 years, 212 days) (27606 days)
October 29, 1973 November 19, 1985 Newly created seat Querube Makalintal Ferdinand Marcos
91 Hermogenes Concepcion Jr. April 7, 1920 - November 2018 April 18, 1975 January 10, 1978 Calixto Zaldivar Querube Makalintal Ferdinand Marcos
92 Ruperto G. Martin March 27, 1913 April 18, 1975 January 10, 1978 Estanislao A. Fernandez Querube Makalintal Ferdinand Marcos
93 Guillermo S. Santos January 23, 1915 May 27, 1977 January 23, 1980 Fred Ruiz Castro Ferdinand Marcos
94 Ramon C. Fernandez February 16, 1916 May 27, 1977 May 11, 1982 Fred Ruiz Castro Ferdinand Marcos
95 Juvenal K. Guerrero November 4, 1916 May 11, 1977 November 4, 1984 Fred Ruiz Castro Ferdinand Marcos
96 Vicente Abad Santos July 12, 1916 - December 30, 1993
(77 years, 171 days) (28295} days)
January 17, 1979 July 12, 1986 Fred Ruiz Castro Fred Ruiz Castro Ferdinand Marcos
97 Pacifico P. De Castro July 16, 1915 January 17, 1979 May 31, 1984 Fred Ruiz Castro Ferdinand Marcos
98 Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera May 11, 1922
(97 years, 165 days) (35594 days)
January 17, 1979 May 11, 1992
(13 years, 115 days) (4863 days)
Cecilia Muñoz-Palma Fred Ruiz Castro Ferdinand Marcos (1979)
Corazon Aquino (1986)
99 Vicente G. Ericta February 3, 1915 - February 7, 2007
(92 years, 15 days) (33618} days)
November 20, 1981 May 11, 1982 Enrique Fernando Ferdinand Marcos
100 Efren I. Plana June 28, 1928 – 19 December 2012
(84 years, 174 days) (30855 days)
November 20, 1981 April 16, 1986
(4 years, 117 days) (1578 days)
Enrique Fernando Ferdinand Marcos
101 Venicio T. Escolin February 13, 1921 – March 29, 2008
(87 years, 45 days) (31821 days)
November 20, 1981 April 15, 1986 Enrique Fernando Ferdinand Marcos
102 Conrado M. Vasquez September 13, 1913 – September 19, 2006
(93 years, 6 days) (33974 days)
May 14, 1982 September 30, 1983 Ramon C. Fernandez Enrique Fernando Ferdinand Marcos
103 Lorenzo Relova January 20, 1916 – April 23, 2014
(98 years, 93 days) (35888 days)
May 14, 1982 January 19, 1986 Enrique Fernando Ferdinand Marcos
104 Hugo Gutierrez Jr. January 29, 1927 – June 12, 2013
(86 years, 134 days) (31535 days)
May 14, 1982 March 31, 1993 Enrique Fernando Ferdinand Marcos(1979)
Corazon Aquino (1986)
105 Buenaventura S. De La Fuente July 14, 1922 February 28, 1984 March 6, 1986 Conrado M. Vasquez Enrique Fernando Ferdinand Marcos
106 Serafin R. Cuevas June 25, 1928 – February 9, 2014
(85 years, 229 days) (31275 days)
June 1, 1984 April 16, 1986 Enrique Fernando Ferdinand Marcos
107 Nestor B. Alampay February 17, 1920 – December 2, 1995
(75 years, 288 days) (27682 days)
January 24, 1985 March 17, 1986 Enrique Fernando Ferdinand Marcos
108 Lino M. Patajo September 23, 1916 July 31, 1985 April 16, 1986 Felix Makasiar Ferdinand Marcos
109 Jose Feria January 11, 1917 – May 8, 2008
(91 years, 118 days) (33355 days)
April 7, 1986 January 10, 1987 Felix Makasiar Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
110 Pedro Yap July 1, 1918 – November 20, 2003
(85 years, 142 days) (31188 days)
April 8, 1986 April 18, 1988 Leo D. Medialdea Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
111 Marcelo Fernan October 24, 1926 - July 11, 1999
(72 years, 260 days) (26558 days)
April 9, 1986 June 30, 1988 Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
112 Andres Narvasa November 30, 1928 - October 31, 2013
(84 years, 335 days) (31016 days)
April 10, 1986 December 7, 1991 Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
113 Isagani A. Cruz October 11, 1924 - March 21, 2013
(88 years, 161 days) (32303 days)
April 16, 1986 October 11, 1994 Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
114 Edgardo L. Paras July 4, 1922 - September 3, 1994
(72 years, 61 days) (26359 days)
April 16, 1986 July 4, 1992 Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
115 Florentino P. Feliciano March 14, 1928 - December 15, 2015
(87 years, 246 days) (32022 days)
August 8, 1986 December 13, 1995 Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
116 Teodoro R. Padilla August 24, 1927 - September 15, 1999
(72 years, 22 days) (26320 days)
January 12, 1987 August 22, 1997 Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
117 Abdulwahid A. Bidin April 7, 1925 - February 2, 1999
(73 years, 301 days) (26964 days)
January 12, 1987 May 7, 1995 Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
118 Emilio A. Gancayco August 20, 1921 – July 27, 2009
(87 years, 341 days) (32118 days)
January 12, 1987 August 20, 1991 Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
119 Abraham F. Sarmiento October 8, 1921 – October 3, 2010
(88 years, 360 days) (32502 days)
January 25, 1987 October 8, 1991 Vicente Abad Santos Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
120 Irene R. Cortes October 20, 1921 – October 28, 1996
(75 years, 8 days) (27402 days)
February 1, 1987 October 20, 1990 Jose Feria Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
121 Carolina Griño-Aquino October 22, 1923 – December 24, 2012
(89 years, 63 days) (32571 days)
February 2, 1988 October 22, 1993 Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
122 Leo D. Medialdea August 17, 1927 - November 7, 1992
(65 years, 82 days) (23824 days)
May 2, 1988 November 7, 1992 Claudio Teehankee Corazon Aquino
123 Florenz Regalado October 13, 1928 - July 24, 2015
(86 years, 284 days) (31695 days)
July 29, 1988 October 13, 1998 Marcelo Fernan Marcelo Fernan Corazon Aquino
124 Hilario Davide Jr. December 20, 1935 January 24, 1991 November 29, 1998 Irene R. Cortes Marcelo Fernan Corazon Aquino
125 Flerida Ruth Romero August 1, 1929 - December 8, 2017
(88 years, 129 days) (32271 days)
October 21, 1991 August 1, 1999 Abraham F. Sarmiento Marcelo Fernan Corazon Aquino
126 Rodolfo A. Nocon March 15, 1928 - May 12, 2000
(71 years, 363 days) (32271 days)
December 2, 1991 March 15, 1994 Marcelo Fernan Corazon Aquino
127 Josue N. Bellosillo November 13, 1933 March 3, 1992 November 13, 2003 Andres Narvasa Andres Narvasa Corazon Aquino
128 Jose Melo May 30, 1932 August 10, 1992 May 30, 2002 Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
129 Jose C. Campos Jr. April 9, 1923 - January 4, 2005
(81 years, 270 days) (29856 days)
September 3, 1992 April 9, 1993 Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
130 Camilo D. Quiason July 18, 1925 – September 7, 2014
(89 years, 51 days) (32558 days)
February 1, 1993 July 18, 1995 Leo D. Medialdea Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
131 Reynato Puno May 17, 1940 June 28, 1993 December 7, 2007 Hugo Gutierrez Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
132 Jose C. Vitug July 15, 1934 June 28, 1993 July 15, 2004 Jose C. Campos Jr. Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
133 Santiago M. Kapunan August 12, 1932 January 5, 1994 August 12, 2002 Carolina Griño-Aquino Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
134 Vicente V. Mendoza April 5, 1933 June 7, 1994 April 5, 2003 Rodolfo A. Nocon Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
135 Ricardo J. Francisco February 13, 1928 - December 14, 2001
(73 years, 304 days) (26968 days)
January 5, 1995 February 13, 1998 Isagani A. Cruz Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
136 Regino C. Hermosisima Jr. February 2, 1929 January 10, 1995 October 18, 1997 Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
137 Artemio Panganiban December 7, 1937 October 5, 1995 December 19, 2005 Camilo Quiason Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
138 Justo P. Torres Jr. November 1, 1927 – December 26, 2017
(90 years, 55 days) (32928} days)
March 11, 1996 November 1, 1997 Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
139 Antonio M. Martinez February 2, 1929 – March 17, 2007
(78 years, 43 days) (28532} days)
November 10, 1997 February 2, 1999 Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
140 Leonardo A. Quisumbing November 6, 1939 – January 20, 2019
(79 years, 75 days) (28930} days)
January 15, 1998 November 6, 2009 Justo P. Torres Jr. Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
141 Fidel P. Purisima October 28, 1930 – September 19, 2013
(82 years, 326 days) (30277} days)
January 20, 1998 October 28, 2000 Regino C. Hermosisima Jr. Andres Narvasa Fidel Ramos
142 Bernardo P. Pardo February 11, 1932 September 30, 1998 February 11, 2002 Ricardo J. Francisco Andres Narvasa Joseph Estrada
143 Arturo B. Buena March 25, 1932 January 5, 1999 March 25, 2002 Florenz D. Regalado Hilario Davide Jr. Joseph Estrada
144 Minerva P. Gonzaga-Reyes September 25, 1931 January 5, 1999 September 25, 2001 Hilario Davide Jr. Hilario Davide Jr. Joseph Estrada
145 Consuelo Ynares-Santiago October 5, 1939 April 6, 1999 October 5, 2009 Antonio Martinez Hilario Davide Jr. Joseph Estrada
146 Sabino R. De Leon Jr. June 9, 1932 – June 16, 2003
(71 years, 7 days) (25939 days)
October 12, 1999 June 9, 2002 Flerida Ruth Pineda-Romero Hilario Davide Jr. Joseph Estrada
147 Angelina Sandoval-Gutierrez February 28, 1938 December 22, 2000 February 28, 2008 Fidel P. Purisima Hilario Davide Jr. Joseph Estrada
148 Antonio Carpio October 26, 1949
(69 years, 362 days)m(25564 days)
October 26, 2001 (17 years, 362 days)
(6571 days)
Minerva P. Gonzaga-Reyes Hilario Davide Jr. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
149 Alicia Austria-Martinez December 19, 1940 April 9, 2002 April 30, 2009 Bernardo P. Pardo Hilario Davide Jr. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
150 Renato Corona October 15, 1948 - April 29, 2016
(67 years, 197 days) (24668 days)
April 9, 2002 May 17, 2010 Arturo B. Buena Hilario Davide Jr. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
151 Conchita Carpio-Morales June 19, 1941 August 26, 2002 June 19, 2011 Jose Melo Hilario Davide Jr. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
152 Romeo J. Callejo, Sr. April 28, 1937 August 26, 2002 April 28, 2007 Sabino R. De Leon Jr. Hilario Davide Jr. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
153 Adolfo S. Azcuna February 16, 1939 October 17, 2002 February 16, 2009 Santiago M. Kapunan Hilario Davide Jr. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
154 Dante O. Tiñga May 11, 1939 July 4, 2003 May 11, 2009 Vicente V. Mendoza Hilario Davide Jr. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
155 Minita V. Chico-Nazario December 5, 1939 February 10, 2004 December 5, 2009 Josue N. Bellosillo Hilario Davide Jr. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
156 Cancio Garcia October 20, 1937– October 15, 2013
(75 years, 360 days) (27754} days)
October 7, 2004 October 30, 2007 Jose C. Vitug Hilario Davide Jr. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
157 Presbitero Velasco Jr. August 8, 1948 March 31, 2006 August 8, 2018 Artemio Panganiban Artemio Panganiban Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
158 Antonio Eduardo B. Nachura June 13, 1941 February 7, 2007 June 13, 2011 Reynato Puno Reynato Puno Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
159 Ruben T. Reyes January 3, 1939 August 2, 2007 January 3, 2009 Romeo J. Callejo, Sr. Reynato Puno Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
160 Teresita Leonardo-de Castro October 8, 1948
(71 years, 15 days) (25947 days)
December 3, 2007 August 28, 2018 br>(10 years, 268 days) (3921 days) Cancio Garcia Reynato Puno Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
161 Arturo D. Brion December 29, 1946
(72 years, 298 days) (26596 days)
March 17, 2008 December 29, 2016
(8 years, 277 days (3199 days)
Angelina Sandoval-Gutierrez Reynato Puno Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
162 Diosdado Peralta March 27, 1952
(67 years, 210 days) (24681 days)
January 14, 2009 (10 years, 282 days)
(3934 days)
Ruben Reyes Reynato Puno Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
163 Lucas Bersamin October 18, 1949
(67 years, 210 days) (24681 days)
April 3, 2009 November 28, 2018
(9 years, 239 days (3605 days)
Adolfo Azcuna Reynato Puno Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
164 Mariano del Castillo July 29, 1949
(70 years, 86 days) (25653 days)
July 29, 2009 July 29, 2019
(10 years, 0 days)'
(3776 days)
Ma. Alicia Austria-Martinez Reynato Puno Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
165 Roberto A. Abad May 22, 1944 August 7, 2009 May 22, 2014 Dante O. Tiñga Reynato Puno Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
166 Martin Villarama Jr. April 14, 1946 November 6, 2009 January 16, 2016 Consuelo Ynares-Santiago Reynato Puno Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
167 Jose P. Perez December 14, 1946 December 26, 2009 December 14, 2016 Leonardo A. Quisumbing Reynato Puno Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
168 Jose C. Mendoza August 13, 1947 January 4, 2010 August 13, 2017 Minita Chico-Nazario Reynato Puno Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
169 Maria Lourdes Sereno July 2, 1960 August 13, 2010 August 24, 2012 Renato Corona Renato Corona Benigno Aquino III
170 Bienvenido L. Reyes July 6, 1947 August 20, 2011 July 6, 2017 Antonio Eduardo Nachura Renato Corona Benigno Aquino III
171 Estela Perlas-Bernabe May 14, 1952
(67 years, 162 days) (24633 days)
September 16, 2011 (8 years, 211 days)
(3133 days)'
Conchita Carpio-Morales Renato Corona Benigno Aquino III
172 Marvic Leonen December 29, 1962
(56 years, 298 days) (20752 days)
November 21, 2012 (6 years, 336 days)
(2527 days)'
Maria Lourdes Sereno Maria Lourdes Sereno Benigno Aquino III
173 Francis Jardeleza September 26, 1949
(70 years, 27 days) (25594 days)
August 19, 2014 September 26, 2019 Roberto Abad Maria Lourdes Sereno Benigno Aquino III
174 Alfredo Benjamin Caguioa September 30, 1959
(60 years, 23 days) (21938 days)
January 22, 2016 (3 years, 274 days)
(1370 days)
Martin Villarama Jr. Maria Lourdes Sereno Benigno Aquino III
175 Samuel R. Marires January 2, 1949
(70 years, 294 days) (25861 days)
March 2, 2017 August 3, 2018
(1 year, 154 days) (519 days)
Jose P. Perez Maria Lourdes Sereno Rodrigo Duterte
176 Noel G. Tijam January 5, 1949
(70 years, 291 days) (25367 days)
March 8, 2017 January 5, 2019
(1 year, 309 days) (674 days)
Arturo D. Brion Maria Lourdes Sereno Rodrigo Duterte
177 Andres B. Reyes Jr. May 11, 1950
(69 years, 165 days) (25367 days)
July 12, 2017 (2 years, 103 days)
(833) days
Bienvenido L. Reyes Maria Lourdes Sereno Rodrigo Duterte
178 Alexander Gesmundo November 6, 1956
(62 years, 351 days) (22996 days)
August 14, 2017 (2 years, 70 days)
(800) days
Jose C. Mendoza Maria Lourdes Sereno Rodrigo Duterte
179 Jose Reyes Jr. September 18, 1950
(69 years, 35 days) (25237 days)
August 10, 2018 (1 year, 74 days)
(439 days)
Presbitero Velasco Jr. Antonio Carpio (Acting) Rodrigo Duterte
180 Ramon Paul Hernando August 27, 1966
(53 years, 57 days) (19415 days)
October 10, 2018 (1 year, 13 days
378 days)
Samuel Martires Antonio Carpio (Acting) Rodrigo Duterte
181 Rosmari Carandang January 9, 1952
(67 years, 287 days) (24759 days)
November 26, 2018 (331 days)
{331 days)
Teresita Leonardo-de Castro Lucas Bersamin Rodrigo Duterte
182 Amy Lazaro-Javier November 16, 1956
(62 years, 341 days) (22986 days)
March 6, 2019 (231 days)
{231 days)
Noel Tijam Lucas Bersamin Rodrigo Duterte
183 Henri Jean Paul B. Inting September 4, 1957
(62 years, 49 days) (22694 days)
May 27, 2019 (149 days)
{149 days)
Lucas Bersamin Lucas Bersamin Rodrigo Duterte
184 Rodil V. Zalameda August 3, 1963
(56 years, 81 days) (20535 days)
August 5, 2019 (81 days)
{81 days)

Mariano del Castillo

Lucas Bersamin

Rodrigo Duterte

185 Francis Jardeleza Diosdado Peralta Rodrigo Duterte
186 Diosdado Peralta Diosdado Peralta Rodrigo Duterte
187 Antonio Carpio Diosdado Peralta Rodrigo Duterte
188 Andres Reyes, Jr. Diosdado Peralta Rodrigo Duterte
189 Jose Reyes, Jr. Diosdado Peralta Rodrigo Duterte
190 Rosmari Carandang Diosdado Peralta Rodrigo Duterte
191 Estela Perlas-Bernabe TBD Rodrigo Duterte

[3]

Notable Associate Justices[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • The Supreme Court E-library
  • Sevilla, Victor J. (1985). Justices of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Vol. I. Quezon City, Philippines: New Day Publishers. ISBN 971-10-0134-9.
  • Sevilla, Victor J. (1985). Justices of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Vol. II. Quezon City, Philippines: New Day Publishers. ISBN 971-10-0137-3.
  • Sevilla, Victor J. (1985). Justices of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Vol. III. Quezon City, Philippines: New Day Publishers. ISBN 971-10-0139-X.

Notes[edit]