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Associated Actors and Artistes of America

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Associated Actors and Artistes of America
Formation1919 (1919)
  • United States
Gabrielle Carteris

The Associated Actors and Artistes of America (4As), established in 1919,[1] is the federation of trade unions for performing artists in the United States.[2]

The union was established by the merger of the Actors' Equity Association and the White Rats of America. By the mid-1940s, its affiliates were:

As of 2022, the following unions belong to the 4As:

The organization is a member of the AFL–CIO. The 4As splits its votes in AFL-CIO elections based on the wishes of each member union. The current AAAA member unions of the AFL–CIO are: AEA, AGMA, GIAA, and SAG-AFTRA. The well-known performer and civil rights activist Theodore Bikel was President of the 4As until his death in 2015.[4]

On June 1, 2014, Department for Professional Employees, AFL–CIO (DPE) took over administrative functions of the 4As, as per an April 15, 2014, agreement between the DPE and the 4As. As part of the agreement, AGVA and GIAA affiliated with the DPE. AGMA, already a DPE affiliate, AGVA, and GIAA remain AFL-CIO affiliates through the 4As. The other two 4As members, AEA and SAG-AFTRA, previously received direct charters from the AFL-CIO. DPE President Paul Almeida became the Executive Secretary of the 4As .


At the 4As convention on December 2, 2015, the following 4As officers were elected:[4]

  • President – Jason McMillin, SAG-AFTRA;
  • 1st Vice President – David White, SAG-AFTRA;
  • 2nd Vice President – Mary McColl, AEA;
  • 3rd Vice President – Susanne Doris – AGVA Delegate;
  • 4th Vice President – Deborah Alton Maher, AGMA Delegate;
  • 5th Vice President – Carson Grant, GIAA;
  • Treasurer – Mary Lou Westerfield, AEA;
  • Executive Secretary – Paul E. Almeida, DPE


  1. ^ Robb, David (April 30, 2014). "Theodore Bikel's Associated Actors & Artistes of America Handing Its Reins to AFL-CIO but Staying in Business". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  2. ^ Gary M. Fink, ed. Labor unions (Greenwood, 1977) pp. 3-4.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Reynolds, Lloyd G.; Killingsworth, Charles C. (1944). Trade Union Publications: The Official Journals, Convention Proceedings, and Constitutions of International Unions and Federations, 1850–1941. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.
  4. ^ a b "President's Report". Archived from the original on April 2, 2016. Retrieved January 15, 2016.