Football in Haiti

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Football in Haiti
Country Haiti
Governing body FHF
National team Haiti
National competitions
Club competitions
Championnat National D1
Championnat National D2
Championnat National D3
International competitions
CONCACAF Champions League
CONCACAF Gold Cup (National Team)
FIFA World Cup (National Team)
FIFA Confederations Cup (Men's National Team)
CONCACAF Women's Championship (National Team)
FIFA Women's World Cup (National Team)

Association football is the most popular sport in Haiti.[1][2] It is run by the Fédération Haïtienne de Football. The association administers the national football team, as well as the national football league. The sport is very popular. Football in Haiti first developed in the state capital of Port-au-Prince, where a regional championship round was already held for the first time in 1912.

Domestic Football[edit]

Among the two major rivals of the Haitian club football were the RC Haïtien and the Violette AC, both of which are located in Port-au-Prince and could once again win the CONCACAF Champions' Cup, although in both cases this took place without a fight.[3]

In 1963, the RC Haïtien achieved the final games against the previous CD Guadalajara. It was originally planned to play both games in Guadalajara. Because the Haitians did not receive their entry permit in time, the encounter had to be postponed. Because two other dates were not respected by the Haitians, the CD Guadalajara filed an official complaint with CONCACAF, which finally declared the Mexicans the winner. The RC Haïtien then lodged a complaint which led CONCACAF to the decision announced on 2 April 1964 that the games should now be compulsorily within the next two months. However, because Guadalajara had already planned a five-week Europareise at that time, the club renounced the final participation and the Racing Club Haïtien was now declared the winner by CONCACAF.

The 1984 tournament, which was divided into a North and Central American section on the one hand, and a Caribbean section on the other, was not finished. The Haitian representative Violette AC won the Caribbean branch and reached the final. But because the final round of the North- and Central American branch between the New York Pancyprian-Freedoms and the club Deportivo Guadalajara had not been possible, because both teams could not agree on a match, both were disqualified and the Violette AC to the Winner declared.

League system[edit]

Level

League(s)/Division(s)

1

Championnat National D1
20 clubs

2

Championnat National D2
40 clubs

3

Championnat National D3
80 clubs

National team[edit]

In 1973, Haiti was the host and the tournament also served as a qualification for the 1974 World Cup, which had been played for the first time in Germany. Although Haiti lost the last game against Mexico, the Haitians had won all the games before and were unbearably ahead because the Mexicans piled several times had.[4]

So Haiti qualified for the first (and so far the only) time to participate in a football world championship, where their probably best and least popular soccer player of all time, Emmanuel Sanon, wrote history. For it was Sanon, who managed to conquer the Italian national goalkeeper Dino Zoff once without twelve conceded goals without conceding once again.[5][6]

The second goal of Haiti in this World Cup was scored by Sanon in the last group match against Argentina. However, Haiti ended the game with a score of 2:14 goals and 0-6 points.

In retrospect, however, doubts were raised as to whether Haiti had qualified for the 1974 World Cup alone. In the third qualifying match against Trinidad and Tobago, which Haiti won 2-1, the opposing team (who defeated the Mexicans 10-0 with a 4-0 defeat) were not accepted, and the Salvadoran referee, José Roberto Henríquez, Later, because of the assumption of bodily injury.

Another outstanding player of Haiti at the 1974 World Cup was their goalkeeper Henri Françillon, who had just been compelled after the World Cup of TSV 1860 Munich, but could not get there against the other newcomer de:Bernhard Hartmann (Fußballspieler) and after the 1974/75 season, In which he had only served five times, returned to his homeland.

The 1977 CONCACAF Championship also served as a qualifying tournament for the 1978 FIFA World Cup in Argentina. After losing the opening game against Mexico (1: 4), Haiti had the chance to win another World Cup, because Mexico also won all the following matches. However, Haiti once again took second place, before the national team disappeared again from insignificance.

Previously, Haiti had already missed a great opportunity in the qualifying tournament for the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico to take part in a world championship. After all, Mexico as a host was automatically qualified and thus stood in the way of Haiti. However, Haiti failed at the last moment to the national team of El Salvador, who instead went to Mexico.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Minahan, James B. (2013). "Ethnic Groups of the Americas: An Encyclopedia: An Encyclopedia". p. 168. ISBN 9781610691642. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  2. ^ Charles, Jacqueline (2013-05-31). "Port-au-Prince: Spain vs Haiti, it's more than just a soccer match - Haiti". MiamiHerald.com. Retrieved 2013-12-08. 
  3. ^ Clammer, Paul; Grosberg, Michael; Porup, Jens (1 January 2008). "Dominican Republic & Haiti. Ediz. Inglese". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 15 March 2017 – via Google Books. 
  4. ^ Bondy, Filip (7 June 2016). "An Outlier on a Big Soccer Stage, Haiti Is Eager to Take Its Shot at Brazil". Retrieved 15 March 2017 – via NYTimes.com. 
  5. ^ "Haiti 1, Italy 0". The New York Times. 2010-06-14. Retrieved 2013-12-08. 
  6. ^ a b Burnton, Simon (29 April 2014). "World Cup: 25 stunning moments ... No12: Haiti stun Dino Zoff's Italy". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 August 2015.