Association of Judicial Unity

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Association of Judicial Unity (YBD)
Formation March 27, 2015; 3 years ago (2015-03-27)
  • Cinnah Caddesi Piyade Sokak No 13 ÇANKAYA / ANKARA
4154 Members
Secretary General
Dr. Birol KIRMAZ
Leader İlhan AYAZ-Harun KODALAK-Ayhan AKYÜREK

Association of Judicial Unity (YBD) [jbd̪] is the largest association of judges and public prosecutors in Turkey. YBD’s origins date back to the Platform of the Judicial Unity created in 2014 by judges and prosecutors from all political horizons, philosophical convictions and religious beliefs. Ensuring the same spirit of heterogeneity, YBD has obtained the legal status of association on March 27, 2015.[1][2][3]


Founded in 2014 by members of the judiciary concerned about the future of the judicial system in Turkey, the Platform of the Judicial Unity has evolved to become the Association of Judicial Unity on March 27, 2015. The conception bringing the Platform into existence has been maintained during the creation of YBD. The members of YBD undertake to make efforts in order to protect the independence and impartiality of the judiciary and thus preserving the public trust in the judiciary by taking a stance equidistant to all kinds of political opinions, philosophical or religious beliefs and convictions.

YBD’s first General Assembly meeting will be held on September 12, 2015.[1]

Aims and vision[edit]

According to the Charter, YBD’s objectives and principles can be summarized as follows;

The Rule of Law, which is one of the fundamental values of today’s democracies, will only be possible with a strong judicial power. Such a strong judicial power requires ensuring the independence, impartiality and accountability of the judiciary. In this connection, independence of the judiciary, which is a prerequisite for the rule of law, serves as a guarantee for the right to a fair trial and also as a fundamental guarantee of a democratic society. The notion of independence, which finds its meaning in the Constitution and which is also mentioned in the international instruments, makes it essential that one acts in accordance with the Constitution and the laws and only and solely on his/her personal conviction and that no adherence to any other person, institution or formation is allowed. Independence from the public opinion and non-judicial government institutions must be ensured and maintained. Independence must be secured within the judiciary as well.

The notion of impartiality refers to the necessity that members of the judiciary must, in compliance with the law without any influence during the decision-making processes, adopt an equitable approach to parties. Accordingly, it is incumbent on the State to enable the execution of judicial activities without any inherent fear or distress, and judges and prosecutors have also their share of responsibility in this regard. Another issue of importance as for a democratic rule of law is the accountability and transparency. Independence and impartiality could develop into an identity, which is in conformity with democracy, only through the mechanisms of accountability.

The Association of Judicial Unity ("YBD") has emerged as a civil initiative of the members of the judiciary with a view to exerting efforts in this regard. The understanding bringing YBD into existence is to protect the independence and impartiality of the judiciary and thus to maintain the public trust in the judiciary, without adopting any political stance and by avoiding from political disputes. YBD has aimed to provide all kinds of efforts for a judicial administration which would afford a working environment free from threats and oppression within the judiciary; eliminate and satisfy all of the concerns and expectations as regards the issues of assignment, transfer, authorization, promotion and inspection; and adopt an approach responsive to individual or family-related requests of members of the judiciary. YBD will carry out works with a view to developing an effective and well-functioning judiciary system which has internalized the human rights and which takes as basis only the public trust and public satisfaction. It will also observe the satisfaction of members of the judiciary and judicial staff. In this context, activities will be carried out for the purposes of ensuring that the judiciary system adopts new practices, that the working conditions are improved, that the judiciary comes to a point which enables it to cope with the case-load and that the communication between judicial institutions and other judicial actors is improved; and proposals will be developed in order to achieve judicial excellence.

The main character of this formation consists of a participatory approach and an understanding of taking a stance equidistant to all kinds of political opinions, philosophical or religious beliefs and convictions. The pre-eminence of the rights and the rule of law are the indispensable aims pursued by YBD. The members of YBD undertake to make efforts in order to maintain this structure, and to observe the independence and impartiality of the judiciary as well as the tenure of judges.

YBD will conduct its works by taking the following instruments as basis: the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey, the European Convention on Human Rights, the United Nations Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary, the United Nations Principles on the Role of Prosecutors, the Council of Europe Recommendation on Independence, Efficiency and Role of Judges; the European Charter on the Statute for Judges, the United Nations Bangalore Principles of Judicial Conduct; Recommendations of the Committee of Minister of the Council of Europe and the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE), the Universal Charter of the Judge, the Budapest Principles adopted for prosecutors, the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption, and other relevant international instruments and standards.[4]


There are two categories of membership with YBD.[5]

Invitation to Membership[edit]

Honorary membership may be granted by the decision of the Board of Directors to those who are not entitled to have the right to full membership, but are showing commitment, both in Turkey and abroad, to the principles and objectives of YBD and make contributions for the achievement of its objectives.[5]

Direct Application for Membership[edit]

Persons who are eligible for full membership in YBD and are willing to be a member of YBD shall be required to indicate names and member ID numbers of at least three members of YBD who could invite him or her to membership.[5]

Bodies Of YBD[6][edit]

Administrative Committee

Chairmanship Council[edit]

  • İlhan AYAZ
  • Harun KODALAK
  • Ayhan AKYÜREK

Secretary General[edit]

  • Dr. Birol KIRMAZ

Deputies of the Secretary General[edit]

  • Fetih SAYIN
  • Ali ÇALIK


  • Hakan YÜKSEL

Press Agent[edit]

  • Abbas ÖZDEN

Foreign Relations Commissioner[edit]

  • Cafer ERGEN

Board of Directors[edit]

  • Musa HEYBET
  • Dr. Gürsel ÖZKAN
  • Mehmet GÖKPINAR
  • Hakan PEKTAŞ
  • Şerafettin ELMACI
  • Erkan ÖZKAYA

Founding Members[7][edit]

  • Yılmaz ACER
  • Kemal AÇIKGÖZ
  • İstiklal AKKAYA
  • Beyazıt AKÖZ
  • Lütfü AKSOY
  • Berrin AKSOYAK
  • Ayhan AKYÜREK
  • Turgay ATEŞ
  • İlhan AYAZ
  • Alpaslan AZAPAĞASI
  • Basri BAĞCI
  • Bilgin BAŞARAN
  • Atnan BAŞKESEN
  • Mustafa ÇAKMAK
  • Ali ÇALIK
  • Hamit ÇALIK
  • İbrahim ÇATALKAYA
  • İsa ÇELİK
  • Ahmet ÇİÇEKLİ
  • Veli DALGALI
  • Çetin DURAK
  • Mehmet DURGUN
  • Şerafettin ELMACI
  • Cafer ERGEN
  • Ertan ERKAN
  • Sinan ESEN
  • Aydoğan Levent GEDİK
  • Mehmet GÖKPINAR
  • Musa HEYBET
  • Esat IŞIK
  • Erdoğan İSHAKOĞLU
  • Seydi KAHVECİ
  • Musa KANICI
  • Ali Rıza KARAKAN
  • Yılmaz KARAPOTUK
  • Rıza KARTAL
  • Ramazan KAYA
  • Şaban KAZDAL
  • Ömer KERKEZ
  • Hayri KESKİN
  • Metin KIRATLI
  • Dr. Birol KIRMAZ
  • Halil KOÇ
  • Harun KODALAK
  • Mehmet Reşat KOPARAN
  • Cengiz KÖKSAL
  • Turan KULOĞLU
  • Talip KURT
  • Selahattin MENTEŞ
  • Gülsüm MISIR
  • Fatih MUŞMAL
  • Hasan ODABAŞI
  • Mehmet ODABAŞI
  • İlyas ÖZBEK
  • Halit Selçuk ÖZBEN
  • Abbas ÖZDEN
  • Dr. Gürsel ÖZKAN
  • Erkan ÖZKAYA
  • Muharrem ÖZKAYA
  • Seyithan ÖZTÜRK
  • Zekiye ÖZTÜRK
  • Hakan PEKTAŞ
  • İbrahim PEKTAŞ
  • Aytekin SAKARYA
  • Zekai Yusuf SARIBAY
  • Bülent SAVTOK
  • Çınar SAY
  • Fetih SAYIN
  • Gönül SAYIN
  • İbrahim Halil SELCIK
  • Sezer SÖYLEMEZ
  • Abdullah ŞAHİN
  • Cihan ŞAHİN
  • İbrahim ŞAHİN
  • Zeynep ŞAHİN
  • Feyzullah TAŞKIN
  • Ömür TOPAÇ
  • Cengiz TOPAKTAŞ
  • Erdinç YILMAZ
  • Mehmet YILMAZ
  • Ömrü YILMAZ
  • Hakan YÜKSEL


External links[edit]