Association of Malayalam Movie Artists
|Full name||Association of Malayalam Movie Artists|
|Key people||Innocent, President|
P.T.C. Road, Thycaud,Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
Association of Malayalam Movie Artists (AMMA) is the association of film actors who work in Malayalam cinema. The association was the first of its kind in India, and the functioning of it led to formation of actors guilds in film industries of other Indian languages as well.
- To be a professional platform where open and healthy discussion under the ambit of professional concern is encouraged.
- To act as arbitrators in disputes that are submitted or related to its members.
- To promote and develop better relations between its members and other associations.
- To create and develop fellowship among the members.
- To protect and help to enrich economical status of the members.
- To extend financial assistance to its members who have retired, disabled or in distress.
The membership is restricted to actors in feature films and will be admitted on the prescribed application forms with specified fees to the Executive Committee of the Association. The Governing body is the final authority to allocate the type of membership and its decision shall be final in the matter.
Types of Membership include :
- Ordinary Membership - The member artiste who could not be classified as life member for want of experience, acceptance or standing in the field shall be classified as Ordinary Member.
- Life Membership - A person who is a full-time actor in feature films for a period not less than one year and stands approved by the members in the Governing body is eligible to become a life member by paying the specified fees.
- Honorary Membership - A person who is admitted based on honour and stands approved by the members in the Governing body is eligible to become an honorary member. Honorary members are waived from paying fees.
Currently 460 actors have taken membership in this association.
Governing Body of the Association
A Governing body of this association is selected for a period of three years to manage and carry out its objectives. The officers of the Governing body shall include President, two Vice-presidents, General Secretary, Joint Secretary Treasurer and other Executive Committee members. Only members with Life Membership status can become a member of the Governing body.
The new office-bearers for the year 2015-2018 were selected as follows :
- President: Innocent
- Vice-Presidents: Ganesh and Mohanlal
- General Secretary: Mammootty
- Secretary: Edavela Babu
- Treasurer: Dileep
- Executive Committee: Nedumudi Venu, Devan, Lalu Alex, Mukesh, Siddique, Maniyanpilla Raju, Kalabhavan Shajon, Prithviraj, Nivin Pauly, Asif Ali, Remya Nambeeshan and Kukku Parameshwaran
- AMMA members in 2008 acted without any compensation in the Malayalam film "Twenty 20". The proceeds from the blockbuster hit film was used to fund welfare schemes of AMMA.
- AMMA occasionally conducts stage programmes with film actors for fund-raising.
- Kaineettam: A monthly stipend of Rs.5000 per month is given to select few members who have retired or is suffering from ailments or in distress. 105 members of AMMA are receiving this stipend on a regular basis.
The film industry crisis of 2004
Since its formation the AMMA was involved in a number of controversies, the major one being with the Kerala Film Chamber of Commerce, which represents producers, exhibitors and distributors in Kerala. The rift started as early as April 2002 when the Chamber came out with an instruction to the film artistes against appearing in TV programmes or stage shows; the cited reason being diversion of energy of the artistes from films and loss of star value by frequent public appearance. In January 2004, the AMMA decided to participate in an award night conducted by Asianet, a private TV channel to be held on 7 March 2004. The Kerala Film Chamber of Commerce objected the move claiming that it is a breach of an agreement between the two parties which had provisions against the AMMA's members appearing in stage and television shows. Further, the Chamber president, Siyad Kokker warned that all the production work will be halted from 8 March 2004 unless the AMMA refrain from the show. The Malayalam Cine Technicians Association (MACTA), which first took a stand in favour of the Film Chamber, later decided to maintain a neutral stand in the issue. AMMA was put under pressure by some comments made by senior actors Thilakan and Lalu Alex against AMMA. Lalu Alex particularly accused that "the AMMA had betrayed the Film Chamber after signing an agreement". On 16 April 2004, the AMMA called a press meet in which they demanded changes in agreement with film chamber. They claimed that certain points in the agreement were equivalent to the denial of freedom and rights of the artistes and also detrimental to the growth of the Malayalam film industry, and sought removal of them from the agreement.
The AMMA's concerns regarding the clauses of the agreement:
- In the case of remuneration to be paid by the producer to the artiste, there was no guarantee that was assured in the agreement.
- The agreement will be in force till the film is released and would in effect prevent an artiste from associating with any other project.
- The ban prohibiting an artiste from taking part in star nights or stage shows in India and abroad for a period of 12 months from the date of agreement.
- The ban for an artiste to associate themselves with any programmes, including those for the television channels, which were likely to be telecast without the written consent of the Kerala Film Chamber of Commerce.
While the Film Chamber was adamant on modifying the agreement, the AMMA went forward with the stage programme on 7 March 2004, which further deepened the crisis. The production works in Malayalam film industry halted as both sides remained firm on their stands; the AMMA kept its members from working for any film till the stand-off gets over and the Chamber halted the production works of films. A series of dramatic events followed, which gave new dimensions to the crisis. The first of them was the formation of Malayalam Film Chamber of Commerce vis-à-vis Kerala Film Chamber of Commerce on 10 March 2004. The former consisted of a number of film producers, artistes and other workers. The body set its objective as to keep unity among members of the film industry and to work for their economic, social and professional growth. The officials also claimed that it was not a parallel body to the Kerala Film Chamber of Commerce. However, the formation of the Malayalam Film Chamber of Commerce had little effect on the crisis. The Government of Kerala got involved in the controversy after an AMMA delegation met the then-Chief Minister A. K. Antony and requested the Government's help in solving the crisis. Antony directed the Kerala Information and Parliamentary Affairs Minister, M.M. Hassan and the Minister for Food and Culture, G. Karthikeyan to hold talks with the Kerala Film Chamber of Commerce. The mediatory efforts by the State Government ended soon on 25 March 2004 as the Chamber refused to involve the AMMA in the talks citing the reason that it does not recognise AMMA. The Chamber representatives also informed the Government that there is no crisis in the industry. Meanwhile, a number of AMMA members conducted a star night programme in Dubai on 26 April 2004, further deepening the crisis. The AMMA's stand was worsened on 28 April 2004, when young actor Prithviraj openly challenged the AMMA and joined a film directed by Vinayan, titled Sathyam after signing the controversial agreement. He insisted that he did not want to disobey the AMMA, but he could not let his career suffer as well. He claimed that he did not find any of the 21 clauses in the agreement as harmful to the interests of the artistes. Parallelly works on another film titled Manju Poloru Penkutty started; the film being directed by Kamal with Lalu Alex and Suresh Krishna in the major cast. Suresh Krishna was another actor who challenged the AMMA's stand. Other cast in both films were either from outside Kerala or were not members of the AMMA. The crisis went through many ups and downs when the MACTA accused the AMMA general secretary Mohanlal of playing dirty (28 March), directors Priyadarshan and T. K. Rajeev Kumar participated in the AMMA star nite on 6 March, the AMMA pulled out of the non-cooperation (18 March), the Chamber drafted new agreement (20 March) and the AMMA's first approval(4 April) and then disapproval (17 April) of the new agreement (which was signed by Prithviraj, Thilakan and Lalu Alex). The crisis came to an end on 3 June 2004 when the AMMA and the Chamber came in terms with the new agreement. The Chamber obliged to alter 2 clauses in the agreement. The changes were:
1. Clause 17
- Original Clause: Artistes should get permission from the Chamber for taking part in stage programmes.
- Changed to: Artistes need to inform the Chamber about taking part in stage programmes.
2. Clause 21
- Original Clause: The Chamber is the body which will take decisions in case of disputes.
- Changed to: A combined forum consisting of selected members of the Chamber, the AMMA and the MACTA will be the arbitration body in case of disputes.
The AMMA's decision to abide by the new agreement put an end to the crisis that lasted about 4 months. The artistes who defied the AMMA during the crisis, namely Prithviraj, Suresh Krishna Lalu Alex, Bheeman Raghu, Captain Raju, Meera Jasmine and Kaviyoor Renuka expressed their apology at an AMMA meeting on 13 June 2004 in response to a show-cause notice from the AMMA, further loosening the situation. However a fresh crisis surfaced with the Chamber's decision to go ahead with an indefinite Cinema Bandh starting on 15 June 2004 seeking reduction of electricity rate slash for supply to cinema halls and reduction in entertainment tax. The bandh was called off on 2 July 2004 after the State Government assured to take positive stand on the demands of the Chamber.
A major controversy hit the AMMA in February 2010 with allegations by senior actor Thilakan that a superstar([Mammootty]) conspired to deny him work. The controversy thickened with many social figures like Sukumar Azhikode and V. R. Krishna Iyer joining the debate. It mainly started with the issue of not casting Thilakan in a Malayalam movie apparently by AMMA on the pretext of "a superstar" due to some issues with Thilakan. The crisis led to the expulsion of Thilakan from the association.
On August 22, 2010, the AMMA again attracted controversy by boycotting the function organized by the Government of Kerala to honor the Tamil actor Kamal Hassan as a part of the Onam celebrations. AMMA said it expects the Kerala Government to honor Malayalam actors rather than actors from other states. Chief Minister of Kerala V.S. Achuthanandan criticized AMMA for this, saying that Malayalam actors are running behind fame and cheap popularity. Other major associations related to the Malayalam film industry, however, actively attended the function.
In March 2017, based on the petition by Director Vinayan in 2012, Competition Commission of India (CCI), imposed a total fine of Rs11.25 Lakhs on the Association of Malayalam Movie Artists (AMMA) and Film Employees Federation Of Kerala (FEFKA) for denying opportunities for Vinayan, preventing other artists from co-operating with Vinayan, and rejecting his films from theaters.
- malayalamcinema.com: News. Malayalacinema.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-03.
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- New Malayalam film chamber constituted Business Line
- "Kerala Govt withdraws from talks with film industry" Business Line
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- AMMA surrenders to producers The Times of India
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- Crisis in Malayalam film industry solved Thats Malayalam
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