Association of Spanish Language Academies
Countries where Spanish-language academies exist.
|Motto||"Una estirpe, una lengua y un destino" ("One lineage, one language, and one destiny")|
|José Manuel Blecua|
The Association of Spanish Language Academies (Spanish: Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española) is the entity which regulates the Spanish language. It was created in Mexico in 1951 and represents the union of all the separate academies in the Spanish-speaking world.
Through the initiative of then-president of Mexico Miguel Alemán Valdés, the First Congress of Academies convened with the purpose of maintaining the integrity of and fostering the further growth of Spanish. The meeting was held from April 23 to May 6, 1951 and resulted in the creation of the association and its permanent commission. The Real Academia Española (RAE) was not present at the initial meeting but participated in the Permanent Commission. Ever since the Second Congress convened in 1956, the RAE has been a regular participant.
The collaboration between RAE and the other academies was expressed in the coauthorship of the Diccionario de la RAE (starting from the 22nd edition, published in 2001), and the 1999 edition of the Ortografía was considered a true pan-Hispanic work. Joint projects include the editing of the Gramática and the compilation of the Diccionario de americanismos. In 2000 the Association organized the School of Hispanic Lexicography and the Carolina Foundation to promote Spanish lexicography.
Together with the RAE, the Association earned the Prince of Asturias Award for Peace in 2000.
An academy for Equatorial Guinea was created in 2013 and joined to the Association in 2016, while an academy for the Judaeo-Spanish language is planned to be created in Israel in the future. There are no plans for Belize, Gibraltar, or Andorra to have their own academies, despite each having a majority Spanish-speaking population either as a first or second language.
The Association convenes every four years, led by a permanent commission composed of a president, secretary general, the RAE treasurer, and four board members drawn from the associated academies and which rotate annually. During the Third Congress of Academies, held in Bogotá, Colombia, in 1960, an agreement was reached whereby the governments of countries with a member in the Association would be obliged to provide financial support to their respective academies and the greater Association.
|Country||Name in Spanish||Name in English||Year of foundation|
|Spain||Real Academia Española||Royal Spanish Academy||1713|
|Colombia||Academia Colombiana de la Lengua||Colombian Academy of the Language||1871|
|Ecuador||Academia Ecuatoriana de la Lengua||Ecuadorian Academy of the Language||1874|
|Mexico||Academia Mexicana de la Lengua||Mexican Academy of the Language||1875|
|El Salvador||Academia Salvadoreña de la Lengua||Salvadoran Academy of the Language||1876|
|Venezuela||Academia Venezolana de la Lengua||Venezuelan Academy of the Language||1883|
|Chile||Academia Chilena de la Lengua||Chilean Academy of the Language||1885|
|Peru||Academia Peruana de la Lengua||Peruvian Academy of the Language||1887|
|Guatemala||Academia Guatemalteca de la Lengua||Guatemalan Academy of the Language||1887|
|Costa Rica||Academia Costarricense de la Lengua||Costa Rican Academy of the Language||1923|
|Philippines||Academia Filipina de la Lengua Española||Philippine Academy of the Spanish Language||1924|
|Panama||Academia Panameña de la Lengua||Panamanian Academy of the Language||1926|
|Cuba||Academia Cubana de la Lengua||Cuban Academy of the Language||1926|
|Paraguay||Academia Paraguaya de la Lengua Española||Paraguayan Academy of the Spanish Language||1927|
|Bolivia||Academia Boliviana de la Lengua||Bolivian Academy of the Language||1927|
|Dominican Republic||Academia Dominicana de la Lengua||Dominican Academy of the Language||1927|
|Nicaragua||Academia Nicaragüense de la Lengua||Nicaraguan Academy of the Language||1928|
|Argentina||Academia Argentina de Letras||Argentine Academy of Letters||1931|
|Uruguay||Academia Nacional de Letras||National Academy of Letters||1943|
|Honduras||Academia Hondureña de la Lengua||Honduran Academy of the Language||1949|
|Puerto Rico||Academia Puertorriqueña de la Lengua Española||Puerto Rican Academy of the Spanish Language||1955|
|United States||Academia Norteamericana de la Lengua Española||North American Academy of the Spanish Language||1973|
|Equatorial Guinea||Academia Ecuatoguineana de la Lengua Española||Equatoguinean Academy of the Spanish Language||2013|
- Autoridad Nasionala del Ladino – a defunct Israeli body which regulated Ladino
- Cervantes Institute
- List of language regulators
- "Guinea Ecuatorial tendrá este año Academia de la Lengua de la RAE". El País (in Spanish). 24 April 2015.