Assumption Parish, Louisiana

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Assumption Parish, Louisiana
StAnneNapWM.jpg
Map of Louisiana highlighting Assumption Parish
Location in the U.S. state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1807
Named for Assumption Roman Catholic Church
Seat Napoleonville
Largest community Pierre Part
Area
 • Total 365 sq mi (945 km2)
 • Land 339 sq mi (878 km2)
 • Water 26 sq mi (67 km2), 7.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 22,842
 • Density 69/sq mi (27/km2)
Congressional districts 2nd, 6th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5

Assumption Parish (French: Paroisse de l'Assomption) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,421.[1] Its parish seat is Napoleonville.[2] Assumption Parish was established in 1807, as one of the original parishes of the Territory of Orleans.[3]

Assumption Parish is one of the twenty-two Acadiana parishes. Its major product is sugar cane. In proportion to its area, Assumption Parish produces the most sugar of any parish of Louisiana.

Assumption Parish is represented in the Louisiana House of Representatives by Beryl Amedee (Republican) and the Democrat Chad Brown.

History[edit]

In 1807, Assumption became the eighth parish of the Orleans Territory. Its history is rooted in its waterways and its large expanse of fertile soils ideal for farming. Settled in the middle 18th century by French and Spanish settlers, the area retains strong cultural ties to its past with conversational French still common among residents. Assumption was also a final destination for many of the French Acadians exiled from Nova Scotia between 1755 and 1764.

After the Confederacy forced the surrender of Fort Sumter, South Carolina, in 1861, the Assumption Parish Police Jury appropriated $1,000 to provide uniforms for military volunteers against the Union. By contrast, Lafayette Parish contributed $6,000. Plaquemines Parish approved a gift of $10 to $15 per month for needy volunteer families.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 365 square miles (950 km2), of which 339 square miles (880 km2) is land and 26 square miles (67 km2) (7.1%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent parishes[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18102,472
18203,57644.7%
18305,66958.5%
18407,14126.0%
185010,53847.6%
186015,37945.9%
187013,234−13.9%
188017,01028.5%
189019,62915.4%
190021,62010.1%
191024,12811.6%
192017,912−25.8%
193015,990−10.7%
194018,54116.0%
195017,278−6.8%
196017,9914.1%
197019,6549.2%
198022,08412.4%
199022,7533.0%
200023,3882.8%
201023,4210.1%
Est. 201622,695[6]−3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States census, there were 23,421 people residing in the parish. 66.8% were White, 30.5% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% of some other race and 0.9% of two or more races. 2.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 38.2% were of French, French Canadian or Cajun and 9.4% American ancestry.[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 23,388 people, 8,239 households, and 6,311 families residing in the parish. The population density was 69 people per square mile (27/km²). There were 9,635 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 67.17% White, 31.52% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 1.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 81.14% of the population over the age of five spoke only English at home, while 17.58% reported speaking French or Cajun French [1].

There were 8,239 households out of which 37.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 14.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.40% were non-families. 20.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the parish the age distribution of the population shows 28.50% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $31,168, and the median income for a family was $36,052. Males had a median income of $35,941 versus $18,065 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $14,008. About 19.50% of families and 21.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.40% of those under age 18 and 21.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Assumption Parish School Board operates local public schools. Assumption High School serves the whole parish.

National Guard[edit]

The 928th Sapper Company, a unit of the 769th Engineer Battalion and the 225th Engineer Brigade.

Communities[edit]

Map of Assumption Parish, with municipal labels

Village[edit]

Napoleonville is the largest incorporated community in the parish.

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

During the "Solid South" era, conflicts over trade policy often caused Assumption Parish to deviate somewhat from overwhelming Democratic support, as did rebellion in the Acadiana region against Woodrow Wilson's perceived hostility towards France.[13] In 1936, Assumption Parish broke heavily from state and national political trends to support Governor Alfred Landon of Kansas, the Republican nominee for U.S. President in the race against Franklin D. Roosevelt. Though Landon received only 11.1 percent of the vote in Louisiana, he took 60.6 percent in Assumption and 41.5 percent in another sugar-growing parish, Lafourche.[14]

Since the Dixiecrat revolt, by contrast, Assumption has been a typical rural South Louisiana parish in its political behaviour. It backed Dixiecrat Strom Thurmond in 1948 and Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1956 before showing powerful pro-Catholic behaviour in 1960[15] and then turning powerfully against liberal Midwestern Democrats in 1968 and 1972. with the nomination of the more centrist Jimmy Carter in 1976, Assumption became again Democratic leaning until the 2000s, when like all of the rural white South it has turned powerfully Republican due to disagreements with the Democratic Party's liberal views on social issues.[16]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 61.6% 6,714 36.1% 3,931 2.4% 259
2012 55.3% 6,083 43.3% 4,754 1.4% 155
2008 54.6% 5,981 43.4% 4,756 2.0% 223
2004 46.3% 4,966 52.0% 5,585 1.7% 184
2000 43.7% 4,388 51.9% 5,222 4.4% 443
1996 26.4% 2,698 62.8% 6,416 10.8% 1,098
1992 28.0% 2,928 54.0% 5,639 18.0% 1,886
1988 40.2% 4,017 56.1% 5,610 3.7% 368
1984 52.4% 5,433 45.0% 4,660 2.6% 270
1980 44.1% 4,001 51.6% 4,679 4.3% 393
1976 40.4% 3,117 57.1% 4,401 2.5% 193
1972 58.9% 3,751 32.4% 2,065 8.6% 549
1968 19.7% 1,222 33.6% 2,085 46.7% 2,898
1964 40.9% 2,112 59.1% 3,056
1960 18.2% 766 71.7% 3,019 10.1% 426
1956 55.2% 1,708 41.4% 1,282 3.4% 106
1952 42.4% 1,210 57.7% 1,647
1948 25.6% 469 19.7% 362 54.7% 1,003
1944 23.1% 426 76.9% 1,419
1940 29.1% 722 70.9% 1,759
1936 60.9% 1,111 39.1% 712
1932 20.1% 386 79.9% 1,538
1928 24.5% 307 75.5% 948
1924 66.3% 601 33.7% 305
1920 78.2% 725 21.8% 202
1916 20.4% 221 45.2% 489 34.4% 373
1912 20.0% 149 56.9% 423 23.1% 172

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Assumption Parish". Center for Cultural and Eco-Tourism. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  4. ^ John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963, ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, p. 38
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder"
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, p. 211 ISBN 978-0-691-16324-6
  14. ^ Billy Hathorn, The Republican Party in Louisiana, 1920-1980, (Natchitoches: Northwestern State University, 1980), p. 30
  15. ^ Phillips; The Emerging Republican Majority, p. 222
  16. ^ Cohn, Nate; ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. Nearing That of Blacks to Democrats’, The New York Times, April 24, 2014
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-06.

Coordinates: 29°54′N 91°04′W / 29.90°N 91.06°W / 29.90; -91.06