The Assyrian Patriotic Party was founded on July 14, 1973 in Baghdad, during the visit of Yaqu Malik Ismail to Iraq, who was accompanied by a delegation from the Assyrian Universal Alliance. Within a short period of establishing the party, because of the nationalist drift between young Assyrian number of members belonging to the party palhundreds, even though the party was a secret to be done, he had been working very actively under the various aspects of social activities, sports and cultural rights. The birth of the party imposed the need to frame the tide growing nationalism among young Assyrians in general and university, and are not dispersed National Action and poured in a political way possible in which to go forward and take advantage of the experiences and practices of national past and to create continuity in the work and gain experience and accumulation in order to serve our people's cause.
ISIS and the persecution of Assyrian Christians in Iraq
In response to the killings against the Assyrian Christians and other minorities, and the rise of SunniIslamists such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS), the party set up the Dwekh Nawsha, which stands for The Sacrifiers in the Assyrian Neo-Aramaic language. Dwekh Nawsha was formed to "protect Christian territories in Nineveh province, particularly the northern part of Nineveh," according to the group's leader, Albert Kisso. It had 70 active members as of November 2014. Currently over 200 members makes this group a force in the Nineveh Plains, which is the heartland of the Assyrian people. In mid-November 2014, following the Battle of Baqofah, where the KurdishPeshmerga took back control of the Assyrian town of Baqofah from ISIS, a Peshmerga commander, Abdul Rahman Kawriny, said: "We, the Peshmerga, came here from Erbil to protect our Christian brothers and their homes. There is constant cooperation and assistance from both sides". The ISIS flag was replaced by that of Dwekh Nawsha. Kisso added: "We are patrolling day and night. We move around these areas and observe the situation... [we will protect monasteries, churches and artifacts] because this is the beauty of the Mesopotamian civilisation". Several foreign fighters have joined the Dwekh Nawsha.