Assyrian flag

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Assyria
Flag of the Assyrians.svg
UseEthnic flag
Adopted1971
DesignWhite background with a golden circle at the center, surrounded by a four-pointed star in blue. Four triple-coloured (red-white-blue), widening, wavy stripes connect the centre to the four corners of the flag.
Designed byGeorge Bit Atanus

The Assyrian flag (Syriac: ܐܬܐ ܐܬܘܪܝܬܐʾāṯā ʾāṯūrāytā or ܐܬܐ ܕܐܬܘܪ ʾāṯā d-ʾāṯūr) is the flag chosen by the Assyrian people to represent the Assyrian nation in the homeland and in the diaspora.

George Bit Atanus first designed the flag in 1968; the Assyrian Universal Alliance, Assyrian National Federation and Bet-Nahrain Democratic Party all adopted it in 1971. The flag has a white background with a golden circle at the centre, surrounded by a four-pointed star in blue. Four triple-colored (red-white-blue), widening, wavy stripes connect the center to the four corners of the flag. The figure of pre-Christian Assyrian god Assur, known from Iron Age iconography, features above the centre.

Symbolism[edit]

The golden circle at the centre that represents the sun, which, by its exploding and leaping flames, generates heat and light to sustain the earth and all its living things. The four pointed star surrounding the sun symbolizes the land, its light blue color symbolizing tranquility.

The wavy stripes extending from the center to the four corners of the flag represent the three major rivers of the Assyrian homeland: the Tigris, the Euphrates, and the Great Zab. The lines are small at the center and become wider as they spread out from the circle. The dark blue represents the Euphrates. The red stripes, whose blood red hue stands for courage, glory and pride, represent the Tigris. The white lines in between the two great rivers symbolizes the Great Zab; its white colour stands for tranquility and peace. Some interpret the red, white and blue will gather all the Assyrians back to their homeland to stand strong and fight for what they want and what they have gained.[1]

The star on the flag is the old star symbol associated with Shamash, also known as Utu, the sun deity also associated with the planet Saturn. He was worshipped in the ancient Mesopotamian region. He was apparently the deity who provided leaders like Hammurabi, Ur-Nammu, and Gudea with divine laws.

The archer figure symbolizes the pre-Christian god Assur.[2]

Previous flags[edit]

Assyrian flag designed around 1920
The flag used by the Assyrian Volunteers during World War I

At approximately 1920, Western Assyrians from the Tur Abdin region of Turkey designed an Assyrian flag consisting of a horizontal tricolor with the colors pink, white, and red, with three white stars at the upper hoist. The pink, white, and red bars represented the loyalty, purity, and determination of the Assyrian people, and the three white stars represent the three names or components of the Assyrian nation, Assyrians, Syriacs, and Chaldeans.[3][4] This flag was used during delegation meetings with Assyrian politicians and Western powers post World War I. It was also in use by the Assyrian National Federation, later renamed the Assyrian American Federation and the Assyrian American National Federation, from its founding in 1933 until 1975 when they adopted the current Assyrian flag.[3][4]

During the First World War, the Assyrian Volunteers commanded by Agha Petros used a red flag with a white cross. Agha Petros' personal standard was the flag of the Volunteers but made of silk, with a golden fringe added, and the words "Trust God and follow the Cross" written in Assyrian above the cross.[5][6]

Gallery[edit]

Variants

Inspirations

Other flags

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ashurian, Homer (2009-02-17). "The Origins and Description of the Assyrian Flag". AUA.net. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
  2. ^ "The Origins and Description of the Assyrian Flag" by Homer Ashurian, Assyrian Universal Alliance, 03-1999 Archived 17 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b "The Old Assyrian Flag". Chaldeans On Line. Archived from the original on 5 January 2006. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b AANF. "HISTORY". Assyrian American National Federation. Archived from the original on 7 February 2005. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  5. ^ Lindenmayer, Sarah (2018). Debt of Honour: How an Anzac saved the Assyrian people from Genocide. Australian Self Publishing Group. p. 21. ISBN 9780648317722. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  6. ^ S.G. SAVIGE. D.S.O., M.C. (1920). STALKY’S FORLORN HOPE. McCubbin.
  7. ^ "Assyria". Crwflags.com. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 16 November 2008.
  8. ^ "The Origins and Description of the Assyrian Flag" by Homer Ashurian, Assyrian Universal Alliance, 03-1999 Archived 17 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Kiwarkis, Gaby (23 April 2010). "Assyrians Honor New Zealand War Hero, Dedicate Genocide Plaque". Assyrian International News Agency. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  10. ^ Assyrian National Broadcasting (26 Mar 2017). "Happy Assyrian New Year!". Youtube. Assyrian Aid Society of America. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  11. ^ Nineveh Plain Protection Units (NPU). "NPU raised the Iraqi, Assyrian & NPU flags in Baghdedeh". Youtube. NPU NinevehPlainProtectionUnits. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  12. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/538274/Shamash
  13. ^ "Syriac-Aramaic People (Syria)". Crwflags.com. Archived from the original on 4 December 2008. Retrieved 16 November 2008.
  14. ^ http://chaldeanflag.com/flag.html
  15. ^ https://www.reddit.com/r/syriancivilwar/comments/60rpny/syriac_miliary_council_waves_new_flag/

External links[edit]