Astan Quds Razavi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Astan Quds Razavi Institute
Native name
آستان قدس رضوی
Public (OAO)
Traded as AQR
Founded April 11, 1795; 221 years ago (1795-04-11)
Founder Mohammad Khan Qajar
Headquarters Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi, Iran
Key people
Ebrahim Raisi (Trustee, Chairman of the supervisory board)
Morteza Bakhtiari (President and CEO)
Website Official website

Astan Quds Razavi (Persian: آستان قدس رضوی‎, translit. Āstān-e Qods-e Razavi‎) is a Bonyad, or autonomous charitable foundation, in Mashhad, Iran. It is the administrative organization which manages the Imam Reza shrine and various institutions which belong to the organization.

The administrative apparatus of Astan Quds Razavi is considered the longest-lasting organization since the martyrdom of Imam Reza about 1200 years ago.[1] The main resource of the institution is endowments, estimated to have annual revenue of $210 billion.[2] The Astan Quds Razavi is a major player in the economy of the city of Mashhad.[3]

History[edit]

Before Safavids era[edit]

From Safavids era until Islamic revolution[edit]

Current Situation[edit]

Since the revolution the Astan-e-Qods the bonyad has grown from a "modest concern" into a conglomerate employing 19,000 people[3] and running "auto plants, agricultural businesses, and many other enterprises"[2]

The land occupied by the shrine has grown fourfold since 1979 according to the head of the foundation's international relations department. The foundation owns most of the real estate in Mashhad and rents out shop space to bazaaris and hoteliers.[3]

According to journalist Christopher de Bellaigue, "when asked to identify the most important man in the city, Mashhadis do not name the mayor but rather" the head of Astan-e-Qods.[3]

Ayatollah Abbas Vaez-Tabasi, had been the head of Astan-e-Qods from the revolution until his death in 2016.[3]

Endowments of the Astan Quds Razavi[edit]

Institutes[edit]

Publications[edit]

  • Quds Daily
  • Za'ir Magazine
  • Haram Magazine
  • Printing and Publication Organization

Cultural and educational institute[edit]

  • Imam Reza (A.S.) University
  • Islamic Research Foundation
  • Youth Counseling Services and Social Research Institute
  • Razavi Cultural Foundation
  • Artistic Creativity and Audio-Visual Media Institution
  • Astan Quds Razavi Central Museum
  • Malek Library and National Museum
  • The Dar-ul-Quran of the Astan Quds Razavi
  • The Central Museum of Astan Quds Razavi
  • Supreme Cultural Council
  • Central Library of Astan Quds Razavi
  • Razavi University of Islamic Sciences
  • Islamic Propagation and Relations Directorate
  • International Relations Office
  • On Duty Education Centre for the Employees of the Astan Quds Razavi

Economic institutes[edit]

  • Economic Organization of Astan Quds Razavi
  • Behnashr Company
  • Carpet Company
  • Insurance Company
  • Canning and Cold-Storage Company
  • Kenebist Farm
  • Housing and Construction Company
  • Flour Company
  • Samen Pharmaceutical Company
  • Bread Manufacturing Industry
  • Wood Industry
  • Dairy Products Company
  • Behnashr Publishing Company
  • Orchards Organization
  • The Agricultural Units of the Astan Quds Razavi
  • The Industrial and Mines, Development and Services Units of the Astan Quds Razavi
  • Razavi Brokerage Company
  • Razavi Transport Company

Health care institutes[edit]

Construction[edit]

  • Expanding the Sacred Places of Astan Quds Razavi

Social institute[edit]

  • Social Welfare Affairs related to the pilgrims of the Holy Shrine of Imam Reza(A.S.)
  • Welfare Institutions and Services of the Astan Quds Razavi
  • Astan Quds Razavi Sports Complex, Mashhad, Iran

Other related institutes[edit]

  • International Congress on Imam Reza(A.S.)
  • Ayatullah Abbas Vaez Tabasi, Reverend Custodian of Astan Quds Razavi

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Central Organization of Astan Quds Razavi
  2. ^ a b Iran: Order Out of Chaos Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b c d e Christopher de Bellaigue, The Struggle for Iran, New York Review of Books, 2007, p.15

External links[edit]