Asterina (starfish)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Asterina gibbosa 001.jpg
Asterina gibbosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Asteroidea
Order: Valvatida
Suborder: Leptognathina
Family: Asterinidae
Genus: Asterina
Nardo, 1834 [1]
Type species
Asterina gibbosa (Pennant, 1777) [2]

see text

Asterina is a genus of small sea stars within the family Asterinidae. It has over thirty described species.

The species occurring in Australian waters (A. anomala, H.L. Clark, 1921; A. atyphoida H.L. Clark, 1916; A. cepheus (Müller and Troschel, 1842) A. coronata von Martens, 1866; A. heteractis H.L. Clark,1938 ; A. inopinata Livingstone, 1933; A. sarasini (de Loriol, 1897) and A. scobinata Livingstone, 1933) are considered not congeneric with the type species Asterina gibbosa (Pennant, 1777) by Rowe (in Rowe and Gates, 1995) and will possibly to assigned to another genus or a new genus.[3] In the same book, Rowe suggested that Asterina should be restricted to Atlantic waters.

There is not yet enough adequate molecular evidence for a definite assignment of the species mentioned below to the genus Asterina.


According to the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), the genus Asterina is composed of the following species :[4]


  1. ^ Nardo, J.D. (1834). De Asteriis, pp. 716-717. Isis, Jena. Encyclopaedische Zeitung
  2. ^ Pennant, T., 1777. British Zoology (4th edition). 4:1–154, 93 pls. London.
  3. ^ Rowe, F.W.E. and Gates, J., 1995. Echinodermata. In: Wells, A. (ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia 33: i–xiii, 1–510. CSIRO: Melbourne
  4. ^ WoRMS : Asterina
  5. ^ MARK O’LOUGHLIN, P. (2002). "NEW GENUS AND SPECIES OF SOUTHERN AUSTRALIAN AND PACIFIC ASTERINIDAE (ECHINODERMATA, ASTEROIDEA)" (PDF). Memoirs of Museum Victoria. 59 (2): 277–296. Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  • Clark, A.M. (1993). An index of names of recent Asteroidea, part 2: Valvatida, in: Jangoux, M.; Lawrence, J.M. (Ed.) (1993). Echinoderm Studies, 4: pp. 187–366
  • Clark, A.M. and M.E. Downey. (1992). Starfishes of the Atlantic. Chapman & Hall Identification Guides, 3. Chapman & Hall: London, UK. ISBN 0-412-43280-3
  • Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 336–351