Asterophora

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Asterophora
Asterophora parasitica - Lindsey.jpg
A. parasitica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Lyophyllaceae
Genus: Asterophora
Ditmar (1809)
Type species
Asterophora lycoperdoides
(Bull.) Ditmar (1809)
Species

A. lycoperdoides
A. mirabilis
A. parasitica
A. salvaterrensis

Synonyms[1]

Asterosperma Pers. (1818)
Nyctalis Fr. (1825)
Stellifera Léman (1827)

Asterophora is a genus of fungi that grow as parasites on mushrooms. The genus contains four species, which have a widespread distribution, especially in temperate areas.[2] The most recently described species, A. salvaterrensis, was found in Pinus pinaster forests in Galicia (northwest Iberian Peninsula).[3] Asterophora species are characterized by the massive production of chlamydospores[4] in their fruit bodies and by the production of carminophilous lysosomes in their basidia. A frequently used but synonymous genus name is Nyctalis. The chlamydospores have been classified in the genus Ugola, which is an anamorphic name.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Asterophora Ditmar 1809". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2010-12-30. 
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 64. ISBN 0-85199-826-7. 
  3. ^ Blanco-Dios JD (2011). "Asterophora salvaterrensis (Basidiomycota, Agaricales), a new species from Galicia (Spain)". Mycotaxon. 118: 83–88. doi:10.5248/118.83. 
  4. ^ Volk T. (December 2005). "Asterophora lycoperdoides, the star bearing powder cap mushroom". Fungus of the Month. Retrieved 2010-12-30. 

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