Aston Ingham

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Aston Ingham
St. John the Baptist Church, Aston Ingham - geograph.org.uk - 492814.jpg
Parish church of St John the Baptist
Aston Ingham is located in Herefordshire
Aston Ingham
Aston Ingham
Aston Ingham shown within Herefordshire
OS grid reference SO68542366
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ROSS-ON-WYE
Postcode district HR9 7LS
Police West Mercia
Fire Hereford and Worcester
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Herefordshire
51°55′N 2°27′W / 51.917°N 2.450°W / 51.917; -2.450Coordinates: 51°55′N 2°27′W / 51.917°N 2.450°W / 51.917; -2.450

Aston Ingham is a village in south-eastern Herefordshire, England, near Newent and about 7 miles (11 km) east of Ross-on-Wye. The population of the village at the 2011 census was 398.[1] There is a church, dedicated to St John the Baptist,[2] which has been a Grade II* listed building since 17 March 1987.[3]

Etymology[edit]

The village was called Estune in the Domesday Book (1086), for the Old English ēast tūn, meaning "eastern farmstead or estate". In 1242, it was Estun Ingan for the Ingan family who had a manor there at the time.[4]

History[edit]

At the time of the 11th-century Domesday Book, Aston was located in Bromsash Hundred in Herefordshire, with 23 households. There was one lord's plough team, eight men's plough teams, and one mill. In 1066, the lord was Edward the Confessor and 20 years later the lord of the village was Godfrey,[5] who was also lord of Cleeve and Lower Cleeve and Wilton in Bromsash Hundred and Ashe [Ingen] in Archenfield Hundred.[6] Ansfrid of Cormeilles was the tenant-in-chief.[5] For about one hundred years, the land was attached to the barony of Cormeiles. The land was then sold to the Ingayn (or Ingan) family, who added their name to the village name.[7]

In 1868, Aston Ingham was defined as a village, parish, and township in the Greytree hundred, on the border of the Forest of Dean. It was located 2 miles (3.2 km) from Mitcheldean Road railway station of the Hereford, Ross and Gloucester Railway and 13 miles (21 km) from Gloucester.[8] It had an old white stone church in the Diocese of Hereford. Its pastor was Rev. Henry L. Whatley. May Hill between Aston Ingham and Longhope, with its distinctive clump of fir trees, was said to be a reference point for mariners in the Bristol Channel.[8][9][10] There was a National free school for boys and girls.[8][9] The lord of the manor was Captain K. M. Power. In 1861 there were 2,378 acres of land in the village and a population of 568.[9] There were also lime kilns and coal pits in the area.[11]

St John the Baptist church[edit]

Interior of St John the Baptist church

The parish church of St John the Baptist was first built in the 13th century. The current rock-faced, sandstone church has a chancel arch from that period and the blocked chamfered pointed doorway may also be from that century. The tower, on the west side of the church and built within the nave, is from the 16th century. In 1891, the church was rebuilt, retaining some of its historic features, by Nicholson and Son.[12] Including the nave and tower are a west porch and lower chancel. The windows of the church include a lancet window near the gabled porch, three trefoiled lights for the west window, ogee lights, chancel windows with 20th-century glass, and a south nave window with glass from 1890. Within the church, the lead-lined font is from 1689.[3]

Governance[edit]

Aston Ingham Village Hall, refurbished in 2004

The parish council meets at the Aston Ingham Village Hall, which is also used for other community activities and entertainment.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Aston Ingham, St John the Baptist - a church near you
  3. ^ a b "Church of St John the Baptist". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  4. ^ David Mills (20 October 2011). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. OUP Oxford. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-19-960908-6. 
  5. ^ a b Aston [Ingham] in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  6. ^ godfrey in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  7. ^ Margaret Watson; Peggy Laws (1991), The History of Aston Ingham, Ross-on-Wye, Herefordshire: Chimes 
  8. ^ a b c The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland. Virtue. 1868. ASTON INGHAM, a parish, township, and village, in the hundred of Greytree, in the county of Hereford, 5 miles E. from Ross, 13 from Gloucester, and 2 from Mitcheldean-road station, on the Hereford, Ross, and Gloucester railway. Newent is its post town. It is situated on the borders of Gloucestershire, on elevated ground, forming the outskirts of the Forest of Dean. The living is a rectory* in the diocese of Hereford, value £350, in the patronage of the Rev. H. L. Whatley, incumbent. The church is an old stone building, coloured white, without much pretension to architectural display. There is a National free school, with an endowment of £10 per annum. May Hill, known as the mariner's landmark, is in this parish. It has a singular appearance when viewed from the Irish Sea, or the Bristol Channel, with its clump of fir-trees at the summit. 
  9. ^ a b c THE POST OFFICE DIRECTORY OF GLOUCESTERSHIRE, HEREFORDSHIRE, SHROPSHIRE, AND THE CITY OF BRISTOL. Kelly & Company. London. 1863. p. 495. 
  10. ^ "Direction: Aston Ingham to May Hill". Google maps. 27 June 2017. 
  11. ^ Rev. Charles Whetley (1808). "On Roads". Communications to the Board of Agriculture, on Subjects Relative to the Husbandry and Internal Improvement of the Country. Vol. 1. pp. 182–183. 
  12. ^ Nikolaus Pevsner (1963). Herefordshire. Penguin Books. pp. 67–68. ISBN 978-0-14-071025-0. 
  13. ^ "Aston Ingham Village Hall". Herefordshire Council. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 

External links[edit]