Astor Place (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)

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 Astor Place
 "6" train "6" express train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway rapid transit station
Astor Place IRT 014.JPG
Downtown platform
Station statistics
Address Astor Place & Lafayette Street
New York, NY 10003
Borough Manhattan
Locale NoHo / East Village
Coordinates 40°43′47″N 73°59′30″W / 40.72972°N 73.99167°W / 40.72972; -73.99167Coordinates: 40°43′47″N 73°59′30″W / 40.72972°N 73.99167°W / 40.72972; -73.99167
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services       4 late nights (late nights)
      6 all times (all times) <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M1, M2, M3, M8
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened October 27, 1904 (113 years ago) (1904-10-27)[1]
Station code 407[2]
Accessible The mezzanine is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, but the platforms are not compliant ADA-accessible to mezzanine only; platforms are not ADA-accessible (Elevator is present only in the southbound direction during KMart operating hours)
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Former/other names Astor Place – Cooper Union
Cooper Union
Traffic
Passengers (2017) 5,245,449[4]Decrease 0.9%
Rank 89 out of 425
Station succession
Next north 14th Street – Union Square: 4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Next south Bleecker Street: 4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction

Astor Place Subway Station (IRT)
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference # 04001013[5]
Added to NRHP September 17, 2004

Astor Place, also called Astor Place – Cooper Union on signs, is a local station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Completed in 1904, it is one of the original twenty-eight stations in the system. Located at the intersection of Lafayette Street, Eighth Street, Fourth Avenue, Cooper Square, and Astor Place between the East Village and NoHo, it is served by the 6 train at all times, the <6> train during weekday in peak direction and by the 4 train during late nights. The station is on the List of Registered Historic Places in New York.

History[edit]

Track layout

Construction started on the first IRT line in 1900.[6] The part of the line from City Hall to just south of 42nd Street was part of the original IRT line including the Astor Place station, opened on October 27, 1904.[1]

In 1981, the MTA listed the station among the 69 most deteriorated stations in the subway system.[7] The station underwent renovation from June 1984 to May 1986. The station was renovated for $2,500,000, and was part of the Adopt-a-Station program. The money included $600,000 from the Federal Urban Mass Transit Administration, $125,000 from private sources, including some from the Vincent Astor Foundation. The scope of the project included the restoration of the famous glazed ceramic beaver plaques, new improved lighting, the installation of noise-abatement material, as well as the installation of new brown floor tiles. A new piece of porcelain steel artwork by Cooper Union alumnus Milton Glaser was installed, and a cast-iron copy of one of the station's original kiosks was built. There was an underpass between the uptown and downtown sides, but it was closed and covered up in the 1980s renovation.[8]

The original plans for the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad (now PATH) included a spur along Ninth Street to this station.[9]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound local "6" train ("6" express train PM rush) toward Pelham Bay Park, "6" train (rush hours and middays) toward Parkchester (14th Street–Union Square)
"4" train toward Woodlawn late nights (14th Street–Union Square)
Northbound express "4" train "5" train do not stop here
Southbound express "4" train "5" train do not stop here →
Southbound local "6" train ("6" express train AM rush) toward Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall (Bleecker Street)
"4" train toward New Lots Avenue late nights (Bleecker Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Downtown entrance

Astor Place is a local station with four tracks and two side platforms. The fare control is at platform level, and the underpass connecting northbound and southbound sides was removed in the 1980s. The access hatch to the underpass is visible behind the northbound token booth inside the fare control area. The northbound platform contains a news and candy stand, which replaced the original public women's lavatory. On the southbound side, the station has a department store entrance into a K-Mart. This store was originally constructed in 1868 as an A. T. Stewart. It had changed ownership and was a Wanamaker's when the station was constructed. The heavy brick-faced square columns on the downtown platform support the store above. The northern building of Wanamaker's store, but not the southern building above, burned in the 1950s. Octagonal windows on the brick wall of the platform were the store's showcases.

Plaques of beavers are located on the walls, in honor of John Jacob Astor's fortune derived from the beaver-pelt trade. The plaques, as well as name tablets, were made by the Grueby Faience Company in 1904. During the renovation, the magnificent maroon and gold tile Cooper Union signs underneath the tile Astor Place signs were destroyed.[10] Black and white pillar signs read Astor Place on one pillar, then Cooper Union on the next.

Exits[edit]

Uptown entrance, a reproduction of an old IRT kiosk

The station has two entrances, one in each direction. The southbound platform's entrance is at the southwest corner of Astor Place and Lafayette Street, while the northbound platform's entrance is in the traffic island bounded by Fourth Avenue, Lafayette Street, and Eighth Street.[11] There is a reproduction of an IRT entry kiosk on the street level over the northbound entrance.

Points of interest[edit]

The station itself is a point of local interest, as it is on the List of Registered Historic Places in New York. Several other sites of historical and cultural importance are located near the station. The New York University and Cooper Union are both located nearby. Visitors to the Astor Place area often rotate the Alamo Cube, at street level above the tail end of the northbound platform.[12] A tiled-up doorway, on southwest wall behind the southbound token booth, sports a lintel proclaiming "Clinton Hall". This doorway once led to the New York Mercantile Library in the former Astor Opera House.[13] Other points of interest include:

The Eighth Street – New York University station on the BMT Broadway Line is one block west of the station.[12]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Our Subway Open: 150,000 Try It". New York Times. October 28, 1904 – via NYCSubway.org. 
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  3. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018. 
  5. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Rapid Transit Tunnel Begun - Ground Officially Broken (1900)". www.nycsubway.org. 
  7. ^ Gargan, Edward A. (June 11, 1981). "Agency Lists Its 69 Most Deteriorated Subway Stations". The New York Times. Retrieved August 13, 2016. 
  8. ^ Blau, Eleanor (May 17, 1986). "Refurbishing of IRT Station Applauded by Well-Wishers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 5, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Map of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Hudson Tunnel System" (PDF). columbia.edu. Hudson & Manhattan Railroad. December 31, 1912. Retrieved September 5, 2016. 
  10. ^ "1982 Photo of Astor Place Signage". Cable (Cooper Union Yearbook). 1982. Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  11. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: East Village" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i "MTA Neighborhood Maps: East Village" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved September 5, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Clinton Hall at Astor Place". Forgotten New York. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]