Astra 1K

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Astra 1K
Mission typeCommunications
OperatorSES Astra
COSPAR ID2002-053A
SATCAT no.27557
Mission durationNone (Launch failure)
Spacecraft properties
BusSpacebus-3000B3S
ManufacturerAlcatel Space
Launch mass5,250 kilograms (11,570 lb)
Power13,000 watts
Start of mission
Launch date25 November 2002, 23:04:23 (2002-11-25UTC23:04:23Z) UTC
RocketProton-K/DM3
Launch siteBaikonur 81/23
ContractorInternational Launch Services
End of mission
DisposalDeorbited
Decay date10 December 2002 (2002-12-11)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Geostationary planned
Longitude19.2° east (planned)
SlotAstra 1
Perigee altitude142 kilometres (88 mi)
Apogee altitude287 kilometres (178 mi)
Inclination51.5 degrees
Period88.79 minutes
Epoch27 November 2002[1]
Transponders
Band52 Ku-band
2 Ka-band
 

Astra 1K was a communications satellite manufactured by Alcatel Space for SES. When it was launched on November 25, 2002 it was the largest civilian communications satellite ever launched, with a mass of 5,250 kilograms (11,570 lb).[2] Intended to replace the Astra 1B satellite and provide backup for 1A, 1C and 1D at the Astra 19.2°E orbital position,[3] the Blok DM3 upper stage of the Proton launch vehicle failed to function properly, leaving the satellite in an unusable parking orbit. Although some attempts were made to "rescue" the satellite,[4] it was intentionally de-orbited on December 10, 2002.[5]

Overview[edit]

The satellite featured frequency re-use for some of its transponders, using dual patterns coverage, one covering eastern Europe, the other covering Spain. This design was meant to cover specific markets only, in order to expand the capacity of the fleet, as frequency re-use enables more channels to be transmitted simultaneously at the same frequency, with the drawback that channels broadcast on the Spain beam wouldn't be receivable by any means (no matter how large the receiving dish would be) in the east beam and vice versa.

This would have left for example the Netherlands and parts of neighbouring countries without reception of either of the beams, as the beams overlap over those countries, efficiently jamming each other.

Astra 1K also featured multiple Ka Band capabilities, originally intended to provide an upload path for satellite internet services. SES later developed such a 2-way commercial satellite internet service with ASTRA2Connect (now Astra Connect), using Ku band for upload and download paths.[6]

A replacement craft, Astra 1KR was successfully launched in 2006.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
  2. ^ "Proton 8K82K / 11S861-01". Encyclopedia Astronautica.
  3. ^ "ASTRA 1K UNDER PROCUREMENT WITH AÉROSPATIALE" (Press release). SES ASTRA. February 11, 1998. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
  4. ^ "ASTRA 1K satellite stabilised" (Press release). SES ASTRA. November 28, 2002. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
  5. ^ ASTRA 1K - Satellite Information, accessed 2013-09-27
  6. ^ "SES TO DEVELOP INTERACTIVE SATELLITE RETURN CHANNEL" (Press release). SES ASTRA. December 15, 1998.
  7. ^ "ASTRA 1KR SATELLITE SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHED" (Press release). SES ASTRA. April 21, 2006. Retrieved January 26, 2012.

External links[edit]