Astraeus

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Astraeus
God of the Dusk
Astraeus.gif
Gendermale
ConsortEos (God of the Dawn)
OffspringBoreas, Notus, Eurus, Zephyrus, Phainon, Phaethon, Pyroeis, Eosphorus, Stillbon and Astraea
ParentsEurybia and Crius

In Greek mythology, Astraeus or Astraios (/əˈstrəs/; Greek: Ἀστραῖος "starry") was an astrological deity and the Titan god of the dusk. Some also associate him with the winds, as he is the father of the four Anemoi (wind deities), by his wife, Eos.

Mythology[edit]

According to Hesiod's Theogony and Bibliotheca, Astraeus is a second-generation Titan, descended from Crius and Eurybia.[1]

However, Hyginus wrote that he was descended directly from Tartarus and Gaia and referred to him as one of the Gigantes.

Appropriately, as god of the dusk, Astraeus married Eos, goddess of the dawn. Together as nightfall and daybreak they produced many children who are associated with what occurs in the sky during twilight.

They had many sons, the four Anemoi ("Winds"): Boreas, Notus, Eurus, and Zephyrus,[2] and the five Astra Planeta ("Wandering Stars", i.e. planets): Phainon (Saturn), Phaethon (Jupiter), Pyroeis (Mars), Eosphoros/Hesperos (Venus), and Stilbon (Mercury).[3] A few sources mention one daughter, Astraea, the goddess of innocence and, sometimes, justice.[4]

He is also sometimes associated with Aeolus, the Keeper of the Winds, since winds often swell up around dusk.

Family Tree[edit]

Family of Eurybia and Crius
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pontus
 
Gaia
 
Uranus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eurybia
 
Crius
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Astraeus
 
EosPerses
 
Asteria
 
 
 
Pallas
 
Styx
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
AnemoiAstra PlanetaAstraeaHecateZelusNike
 
 
KratosBia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Boreas
 
 
Phainon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ScyllaFontesLacus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notus
 
 
Phaethon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eurus
 
 
Pyroeis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zephyrus
 
 
Eosphorus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stilbon
 
 
 
 
 
 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hesiod. The Theogony of Hesiod. Forgotten Books. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-60506-325-6.
  2. ^ Smith, William (1859). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Little, Brown and Company. p. 389.
  3. ^ Barney, Stephen et al., transl., ed. (2010). The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville. Cambridge U. Press. p. 105.
  4. ^ Anthon, Charles (1855). A Classical Dictionary. Harper & Brothers. p. 219.