Astralium

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Astralium
Astralium calcar 01.JPG
Several views of Astralium calcar
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Vetigastropoda
Superfamily: Trochoidea
Family: Turbinidae
Genus: Astralium
Link, 1807[1]
Type species
Turbo calcar Linnaeus, 1758
Synonyms
  • Astralium (Cyclocantha) Swainson, 1840
  • Calcar Montfort, 1810
  • Cyclocantha Swainson, 1840
  • Distellifer Iredale, 1937
  • Foliastralium Habe & Okutani, 1980
  • Macropelmus Gistel, 1848 (Unnecessary substitute name for Calcar Montfort, 1810)
  • Micrastrea Cotton, 1939
  • Okinawastraea Habe & Okutani, 1981
  • Pagocalcar Iredale, 1937
  • Rugastella Iredale, 1937
  • Stella P. Fischer, 1885
  • Turbo (Calcar) Montfort, 1810

Astralium, common name star snails, is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Turbinidae, the turban snails and star snails.[2]

Description[edit]

In Astralium a very rapidly enlarging whorl starts from the multispiral nucleus, forming far the greater portion of the operculum, and usually leaving a pit at the starting point.[3]

Distribution[edit]

This marine genus has a wide distribution ranging from the Eastern Indian Ocean to China and Japan, the Philippines, Indonesia, East India, the Maldives and Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia).

Species[edit]

According to the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), the following species are included within the genus Astralium :[4]

Another number of species are also mentioned in the Indo-Pacific Molluscan Database :[5]

Species brought into synonymy
  • Astralium abyssorum Schepman, 1908: synonym of Bolma henica (Watson, 1885)
  • Astralium americanum (Gmelin, 1791): synonym of Lithopoma americanum (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Astralium andersoni E.A. Smith, 1902: synonym of Bolma andersoni (E. A. Smith, 1902)
  • Astralium aureolum Hedley, 1907: synonym of Bolma aureola (Hedley, 1907)
  • Astralium aureum (Jonas, 1844): synonym of Bellastraea aurea (Jonas, 1844)
  • Astralium bathyrhaphe Smith, 1899: synonym of Bolma bathyraphis (E. A. Smith, 1899)
  • Astralium brevispina (Lamarck, 1822): synonym of Lithopoma brevispina (Lamarck, 1822)
  • Astralium cepoides E.A. Smith, 1880: synonym of Turbo cepoides E.A. Smith, 1880
  • Astralium deplanatum Link, H.F., 1807: synonym of Lithopoma phoebium (Röding, 1798)
  • Astralium fimbriatum Tryon, 1888: synonym of Bellastraea squamifera (Iredale, 1924)
  • Astralium gilchristi G.B. Sowerby III, 1903: synonym of Bolma bathyraphis (E. A. Smith, 1899)
  • Astralium guadeloupense Crosse, H., 1865: synonym of Lithopoma tectum (Lightfoot, 1786)
  • Astralium johnstoni Odhner, 1923: synonym of Bolma johnstoni (Odhner, 1923)
  • Astralium mactanense Habe & Okutani, 1980: synonym of Astralium lapillus Reeve, 1863
  • Astralium moniliferum Hedley & Willey, 1896: synonym of Guildfordia monilifera (Hedley & Willey, 1896)
  • Astralium phoebium (Röding, 1798): synonym of Lithopoma phoebium (Röding, 1798)
  • Astralium plicatospinosum Pilsbry, 1889: synonym of Astralium confragosum (Gould, 1851)
  • Astralium roseobasis Kreipl & Dekker, 2003: synonym of Astralium provisorium (Schepman, 1903)
  • Astralium rutidoloma (Tate, 1893) synonym of Bellastraea rutidoloma (Tate, 1893)
  • Astralium semicostatum (P. Fischer, 1875): synonym of Astralium semicostatum (Kiener, 1850)
  • Astralium squamiferum (Koch, 1844): synonym of Bellastraea squamifera (Koch, 1844)
  • Astralium tayloriana Odhner, 1923: synonym of Bolma tayloriana (E. A. Smith, 1880)
  • Astralium titania Röding, P.F., 1798: synonym of Lithopoma phoebium (Röding, 1798)
  • Astralium triumphans (Philippi, 1841): synonym of Guildfordia triumphans (Philippi, 1841)
  • Astralium tuberosum (Philippi): synonym of Astralium rhodostomum (Lamarck, 1822)
  • Astralium (Bolma) modestus var. girgyllus (Reeve, 1843): synonym of Bolma modesta (Reeve, 1843)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Link (1807). Beschr. Nat. Samml. Univ. Rostock (3): 135.
  2. ^ Bouchet, P. (2012). Astralium Link, 1807. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=204985 on 2012-09-09
  3. ^ G.W. Tryon (1888), Manual of Conchology X; Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia
  4. ^ WoRMS : Astralium
  5. ^ OBIS : Astralium

External links[edit]