Astrid (satellite)

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Astrid 1 and Astrid 2
Operator Swedish National Space Board
COSPAR ID Astrid 1: 1995-002B
Astrid 2: 1998-072B
SATCAT no. Astrid 1: 23464
Astrid 2: 25568
Website

Astrid-1 at SSC

Astrid-2 at SSC
Mission duration Astrid 1: 246 days
Astrid 2: 226 days
Spacecraft properties
Manufacturer Swedish Space Corporation
Launch mass Astrid 1: 27 kg (60 lb)
Astrid 2: <30 kg (66 lb)
Power Astrid 1: 11.88 W (payload), 38.5 W (nominal)
Astrid 2: 16 W (payload), 90 W (nominal)
Start of mission
Launch date Astrid 1: 03:54:22, January 24, 1995 (1995-01-24T03:54:22)
Astrid 2: 11:57:07, December 10, 1998 (1998-12-10T11:57:07)
Rocket Cosmos-3M
End of mission
Disposal Decommissioned
Deactivated Astrid 1: September 27, 1995 (1995-09-27) (however, on March 1 the scientific instruments became inoperable)
Astrid 2: July 24, 1999 (1999-07-24)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Perigee Astrid 1: 968 km (601 mi)
Astrid 2: 968 km (601 mi)
Apogee Astrid 1: 1,026 km (638 mi)
Astrid 2: 1,014 km (630 mi)
Inclination Astrid 1: 82.9°
Astrid 2: 82.9°
Period Astrid 1: 105 min
Astrid 2: 105 min

Astrid-1 and Astrid-2 were two microsatellites designed and developed by Swedish Space Corporation on behalf of the Swedish National Space Board. They were piggyback launched on a Cosmos-3M launch vehicle from Plesetsk, Russia. Astrid 1 on January 24, 1995 and Astrid 2 on December 10, 1998.

Astrid-1[edit]

Sweden's first microsatellite was piggybacked with the launch of Tsikada, a Russian navigation satellite and FAISAT, a United States communications satellite.

It carried an Energetic Neutral Atom imager called PIPPI (Prelude in Planetary Particle Imaging), an Electron Spectrometer called EMIL (Electron Measurements - In-situ and Lightweight) and two UV imagers called MIO (Miniature Imaging Optics), one for imaging the Earth's aurora and one for observing Lyman alpha-emission from the Earth's geocorona. This payload, named after characters in Astrid Lindgren's books (the idea came from a Russian scientist [1]), was developed by the Swedish Institute of Space Physics in Kiruna.

On March 1, a DC to DC converter for the scientific instruments failed, possibly due to a short circuit, ending its scientific mission. However, the satellite was operated until September 27, serving as a testbed for various software algorithms and store-and-forward communications.

The entire satellite was built in a year and the cost, including launch, was 1.4 million U.S. dollars.

Astrid-2[edit]

Astrid-2 was Sweden's second microsatellite and it was piggybacked with Nadezhda 5, a Russian navigation satellite.

Its payload, built by the Swedish Institute of Space Physics in Kiruna and Uppsala and the Royal Institute of Technology (Alfven Laboratory) in Stockholm, was EMMA (Electrical and Magnetic field Monitoring of the Aurora), LINDA (Langmuir INterferometer and Density experiment for Astrid-2), MEDUSA (Miniaturized Electrostatic DUal-tophat Spherical Analyzer) and PIA (Photometers for Imaging the Aurora). It was used to explore the electric and magnetic fields in the upper ionosphere and to measure neutral and charged particles and electron density.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Satelliter finansierade av Rymdstyrelsen" (in Swedish). Swedish National Space Board. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-07. 

External links[edit]