Astrid Lindgren

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Astrid Lindgren
Astrid Lindgren around 1960
Astrid Lindgren around 1960
BornAstrid Anna Emilia Ericsson
(1907-11-14)14 November 1907
Vimmerby, Sweden
Died28 January 2002(2002-01-28) (aged 94)
Stockholm, Sweden[1][2]
GenreChildren's fiction, picture books, screenplays
Notable awardsHans Christian Andersen Award for Writing
Right Livelihood Award

Astrid Anna Emilia Lindgren (née Ericsson; Swedish: [ˈasːtrɪd ˈlɪŋːɡreːn] (About this soundlisten) (14 November 1907 – 28 January 2002) was a Swedish writer of fiction and screenplays. She is best known for several children's book series, featuring Pippi Longstocking, Emil i Lönneberga, Karlsson-on-the-Roof, and the Six Bullerby Children (Children of Noisy Village in the US), and for the children's fantasy novels Mio, My Son, Ronia the Robber's Daughter, and The Brothers Lionheart. Lindgren worked on the Children's Literature Editorial Board at the Rabén & Sjögren publishing house in Stockholm and wrote more than 30 books for children. In January 2017, she was calculated to be the world's 18th most translated author,[3] and the fourth most translated children's writer after Enid Blyton, H. C. Andersen and the Brothers Grimm. Lindgren has so far sold roughly 165 million books worldwide.[4]


Lindgren in 1924

Astrid Lindgren grew up in Näs, near Vimmerby, Småland, Sweden, and many of her books are based on her family and childhood memories and landscapes.

Lindgren was the daughter of Samuel August Ericsson (1875–1969) and Hanna Jonsson (1879–1961). She had two sisters, Stina [sv] and Ingegerd [sv], and a brother, Gunnar Ericsson [sv], who eventually became a member of the Swedish parliament.

Upon finishing school, Lindgren took a job with a local newspaper in Vimmerby. She had a relationship with the chief editor, who was married and a father, and who eventually proposed marriage in 1926 after she became pregnant. She declined and moved to the capital city of Stockholm, learning to become a typist and stenographer (she would later write most of her drafts in stenography). In due time, she gave birth to her son, Lars, in Copenhagen and left him in the care of a foster family.

Although poorly paid, she saved whatever she could and traveled as often as possible to Copenhagen to be with Lars, often just over a weekend, spending most of her time on the train back and forth. Eventually, she managed to bring Lars home, leaving him in the care of her parents until she could afford to raise him in Stockholm.

In 1932 she married her employer, Sture Lindgren (1898–1952), who left his wife for her. Three years later, in 1934, Lindgren gave birth to her second child, Karin, who would become a translator. The character Pippi Longstocking was invented to amuse her daughter while she was ill in bed. Lindgren later related that Karin had suddenly said to her, "Tell me a story about Pippi Longstocking," and the tale was created in response to that request.

The family moved in 1941 to an apartment on Dalagatan, with a view over Vasaparken, where Lindgren remained until her death on 28 January 2002 at the age of 94, having become blind.[5]

Astrid Lindgren died in her home in central Stockholm. Her funeral took place in the Storkyrkan (Great Church) in Gamla stan. Among those attending were King Carl XVI Gustaf with Queen Silvia and others of the royal family, and Prime Minister Göran Persson. The ceremony was described as "the closest you can get to a state funeral."[6]


Lindgren worked as a journalist and secretary before becoming a full-time author. She served as a secretary for the 1933 Swedish Summer Grand Prix. In the early 1940s, she worked as a secretary for criminalist Harry Söderman; this experience has been cited as an inspiration for her fictional detective Bill Bergson.[7]

In 1944 Lindgren won second prize in a competition held by Rabén & Sjögren, a new publishing house, with the novel Britt-Marie lättar sitt hjärta (Britt-Marie Unburdens Her Heart). A year later she won first prize in the same competition with the chapter book Pippi Långstrump (Pippi Longstocking), which had been rejected by Bonniers. (Rabén & Sjögren published it with illustrations by Ingrid Vang Nyman, the latter's debut in Sweden.) Since then it has become one of the most beloved children's books in the world[8] and has been translated into 60 languages.[9] While Lindgren almost immediately became a much appreciated writer, the irreverent attitude towards adult authority that is a distinguishing characteristic of many of her characters has occasionally drawn the ire of some conservatives.[10]

The women's magazine Damernas Värld sent Lindgren to the United States in 1948 to write short essays. Upon arrival she is said to have been upset by the discrimination against black Americans. A few years later she published the book Kati in America, a collection of short essays inspired by the trip.

In 1956, the inaugural year of the Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis, the German-language edition of Mio, min Mio (Mio, My Son) won the Children's book award.[11][12] (Sixteen books written by Astrid Lindgren made the Children's Book and Picture Book longlist, 1956–1975, but only Mio, My Son won a prize in its category.)[13]

In 1958 Lindgren received the second Hans Christian Andersen Medal for Rasmus på luffen (Rasmus and the Vagabond), a 1956 novel developed from her screenplay and filmed in 1955. The biennial International Board on Books for Young People, now considered the highest lifetime recognition available to creators of children's books, soon came to be called the Little Nobel Prize. Prior to 1962 the Board cited a single book published during the preceding two years.[14][15][clarification needed]

On her 90th birthday, she was pronounced International Swede of the Year 1997 by Swedes in the World (SVIV – Svenskar i Världen [sv]), an association for Swedes living abroad.[16]

In its entry on Scandinavian fantasy, The Encyclopedia of Fantasy named Lindgren the foremost Swedish contributor to modern children's fantasy.[17] Its entry on Lindgren summed up her work in glowing terms: "Her niche in children's fantasy remains both secure and exalted. Her stories and images can never be forgotten."[18]


By 2012 Astrid Lindgren's books had been translated into 95 different languages and language variants. Further, the first chapter of Ronja the Robber's Daughter has been translated into Latin. Up until 1997 a total of 3,000 editions of her books had been issued internationally,[19] and globally her books had sold a total of 150 million copies.[20] Many of her books have been translated into English by the translator Joan Tate.


Lindgren receives the Right Livelihood Award in the Swedish parliament, 1994

In 1976 a scandal arose in Sweden when it was publicised that Lindgren's marginal tax rate had risen to 102 percent. This was to be known as the "Pomperipossa effect", from a story she published in Expressen on 3 March 1976,[21] entitled Pomperipossa in Monismania, attacking the government and its taxation policies.[22] It was a satirical allegory in response to the marginal tax rate Lindgren had incurred in 1976,[23] which required self-employed individuals to pay both regular income tax and employers' deductions.[23] In a stormy tax debate, she attracted criticism from Social Democrats and even from her own colleagues, and responded by raising the issue of the lack of women involved in the Social Democrats' campaign.[24] In that year's general election, the Social Democratic government was voted out for the first time in 44 years, and the Lindgren tax debate was one of several controversies that may have contributed to the result. Another controversy involved Ingmar Bergman's farewell letter to Sweden, after charges had been made against him of tax evasion.[22] Lindgren nevertheless remained a Social Democrat for the rest of her life.[25]

In 1978, when she received the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, Lindgren made a speech, Never Violence!. She spoke against corporal punishment of children. After that she teamed up with scientists, journalists and politicians to achieve non-violent upbringing. In 1979, a law was introduced in Sweden prohibiting violence against children.[26] Until then there was no such law anywhere in the world.[27]

Lindgren was well known both for her support for children's and animal rights and for her opposition to corporal punishment and the EU.[28] In 1994 she received the Right Livelihood Award, "For her commitment to justice, non-violence and understanding of minorities as well as her love and caring for nature."

Honors and memorials[edit]

Lindgren represented in the Villa Villekulla exhibit at Kneippbyn in Visby

In 1967 the publisher Rabén & Sjögren established an annual literary prize, the Astrid Lindgren Prize, to mark her 60th birthday. The prize, 40,000 Swedish kronor, is awarded to a Swedish-language children's writer every year on Lindgren's birthday in November.

Following Lindgren's death, the government of Sweden instituted the Astrid Lindgren Memorial Award in her memory. The award is the world's largest monetary award for children's and youth literature, in the amount of five million Swedish kronor.

The collection of Astrid Lindgren's original manuscripts in Kungliga Biblioteket in Stockholm (the Royal Library) was placed on UNESCO's Memory of the World Register in 2005.[29]

On 6 April 2011 Sweden's central bank Sveriges Riksbank announced that Lindgren's portrait will feature on the 20 kronor banknote, beginning in 2014–15.[30] In the run-up to the announcement of the persons who would feature on the new banknotes, Lindgren's name had been the one most often put forward in the public debate.

Asteroid Lindgren[edit]

Asteroid 3204 Lindgren, discovered in 1978 by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Chernykh, was named after her.[31] The name of the Swedish microsatellite Astrid 1, launched on 24 January 1995, was originally selected only as a common Swedish female name, but within a short time it was decided to name the instruments after characters in Astrid Lindgren's books: PIPPI (Prelude in Planetary Particle Imaging), EMIL (Electron Measurements – In-situ and Lightweight), and MIO (Miniature Imaging Optics).

Astrid's Wellspring[edit]

Källa Astrid (Astrid's Wellspring) by Berit Lindfeldt

In memory of Astrid Lindgren, a memorial sculpture was created next to her childhood home, named Källa Astrid ("Astrid's Wellspring" in English). It is situated at the spot where Astrid Lindgren first heard fairy tales. The sculpture consists of an artistic representation of a young person's head (1.37 m high),[32] flattened on top, in the corner of a square pond, and, just above the water, a ring of rosehip thorn (with a single rosehip bud attached to it). The sculpture was initially slightly different in design and intended to be part of a fountain set in the city center, but the people of Vimmerby vehemently opposed the idea. Furthermore, Astrid Lindgren had stated that she never wanted to be represented as a statue. (However, there is a statue of Lindgren in the city center.) The memorial was sponsored by the culture council of Vimmerby.

Astrid Lindgren Museum
Astrid Lindgren gravesite
Astrid Lindgren at her typewriter. Statue created by Marie-Louise Ekman, in the city center of Vimmerby.

Lindgren's childhood home is near the statue and open to the public.[33] Just 100 metres (330 ft) from Astrid's Wellspring is a museum in her memory. The author is buried in Vimmerby where the Astrid Lindgren's World theme park is also located. The children's museum Junibacken, in Stockholm, was opened in June 1996 with the main theme of the permanent exhibition being devoted to Astrid Lindgren; at the heart of the museum is a theme train ride through the world of Astrid Lindgren's novels.


Children and Youth Novels[edit]


Title (Series) Title (Individual novel) Alternative Titles Original Title Original Release English Release Ref.
Bill Bergson series (Mästerdetektiven Blomkvist) Bill Bergson, Master Detective Mästerdetektiven Blomkvist 1946 1952
Bill Bergson Lives Dangerously Mästerdetektiven Blomkvist lever farligt 1951
Bill Bergson and the White Rose Rescue Kalle Blomkvist och Rasmus 1954
The Children on Troublemaker Street series The Children on Troublemaker Street Lotta, Lotta Says No!, Mischievous Martens Barnen på Bråkmakargatan 1956
Lotta on Troublemaker Street Lotta Leaves Home, Lotta Makes a Mess Lotta på Bråkmakargatan 1961
Emil of Lönneberga series (Emil i Lönneberga) Emil in the Soup Tureen Emil and the Great Escape, That Boy Emil! Emil i Lönneberga 1963
Emil's Pranks Emil and the Sneaky Rat, Emil Gets into Mischief Nya hyss av Emil i Lönneberga 1966
Emil and Piggy Beast Emil and His Clever Pig Än lever Emil i Lönneberga 1970
Karlsson-on-the-Roof series (Karlsson på taket) Karlsson-on-the-Roof Karlson on the Roof Lillebror och Karlsson på taket 1955
Karlson Flies Again Karlsson-on-the-Roof is Sneaking Around Again Karlsson på taket flyger igen 1962
The World’s Best Karlson Karlsson på taket smyger igen 1968
Kati series Kati in America Kati i Amerika 1951
Kati in Italy Kati på Kaptensgatan 1952
Kati in Paris Kati i Paris 1953
Madicken series Mardie Mischievous Meg Madicken 1960
Mardie to the Rescue Madicken och Junibackens Pims 1976
The Runaway Sleigh Ride Titta, Madicken, det snöar! 1983
Pippi Longstocking series (Pippi Långstrump) Pippi Longstocking Pippi Långstrump 1945 1950
Pippi Goes On Board Pippi Goes Aboard Pippi Långstrump går ombord 1946
Pippi in the South Seas Pippi Långstrump i Söderhavet 1948
The Six Bullerby Children / The Children of Noisy Village series (Barnen i Bullerbyn) The Children of Noisy Village Cherry Time at Bullerby Alla vi barn i Bullerbyn 1947
Happy Times in Noisy Village Bara roligt i Bullerbyn 1952

Individual Novels[edit]

Title Alternative Titles Original Title Original Release English Release Ref.
The Brothers Lionheart Bröderna Lejonhjärta 1973
Mio, My Son Mio, My Mio Mio, min Mio 1954
Ronia the Robber's Daughter Ronja rövardotter 1981
Seacrow Island Vi på Saltkråkan 1964

Picture books[edit]


Title (Series) Title (Individual novel) Alternative Titles Original Title Original Release English Release Ref.
Children's Everywhere series Noriko-San: girl of Japan Eva Visits Noriko-San Eva möter Noriko-san 1956 1958
Sia lives on Kilimanjaro Sia bor på Kilimandjaro 1958 1959
My Swedish Cousins Mina svenska kusiner 1959 1959
Lilibet, circus child Lilibet, cirkusbarn 1960 1961
Marko lives in Yugoslavia Marko bor i Jugoslavien 1962 1963
Dirk lives in Holland Jackie bor i Holland 1963 1964
Randi lives in Norway Gerda lives in Norway Randi bor i Norge 1965 1965
Noy lives in Thailand Noy bor i Thailand 1966 1967
Matti Lives in Finland Matti bor i Finland 1968 1968
The Children on Troublemaker Street series Lotta’s Bike Of Course Polly Can Ride a Bike Visst kan Lotta cykla 1971
Lotta’s Christmas Surprise Of Course Polly Can Do Almost Anything Visst kan Lotta nästan allting 1965
Lotta’s Easter Surprise Visst är Lotta en glad unge 1990
Emil of Lönneberga series (Emil i Lönneberga) Emil's Little Sister När lilla Ida skulle göra hyss 1984
Emil's Sticky Problem Emils hyss nr 325 1970
Peter & Lena series I Want a Brother or Sister That's My Baby Jag vill också ha ett syskon 1971
I Want to Go to School Too Jag vill också gå i skolan 1971
Pippi Longstocking series (Pippi Långstrump) Pippi on the Run
Pippi’s After-Christmas Party Pippi Långstrump har julgransplundring 1950
Pippi Longstocking in the Park Pippi Långstrump i Humlegården 1945
Pippi Moves In! Pippi flyttar in 1969
The Six Bullerby Children / The Children of Noisy Village series (Barnen i Bullerbyn) Christmas in Noisy Village Jul i Bullerbyn 1963
Springtime in Noisy Village Vår i Bullerbyn 1965
Children’s Day in Bullerbu A Day at Bullerby 1967
The Tomten series The Tomten Tomte är vaken 1960
The Tomten and the Fox Räven och Tomten 1966

Individual books[edit]

Title Alternative Titles Original Title Original Release English Release Ref.
Brenda Helps Grandmother Kajsa Kavat hjälper mormor 1958
A Calf for Christmas När Bäckhultarn for till stan 1989
Christmas in the Stable Jul i stallet 1961
The Day Adam Got Mad Goran’s Great Escape, The Day Adam Got Angry När Adam Engelbrekt blev tvärarg 1991
The Dragon with Red Eyes Draken med de röda ögonen 1985
The Ghost of Skinny Jack Skinn Skerping – Hemskast av alla spöken i Småland 1986
I Don't Want to Go to Bed Jag vill inte gå och lägga mig! 1947
In the Land of Twilight I Skymningslandet 1994
Mirabelle Mirabell 2002
Most Beloved Sister My Very Own Sister Allrakäraste syster 1973
My Nightingale Is Singing Spelar min lind, sjunger min näktergal 1959
The Red Bird Sunnanäng 1959
Rasmus and the Vagabond Rasmus and the Tramp Rasmus på luffen 1956
Scrap and the Pirates Skrallan and the Pirates Skrållan och Sjörövarna 1967
Simon Small Moves In Nils Karlsson-Pyssling flyttar in 1956
The Story Journey From Junedale to Nangilima Sagoresan från Junibacken till Nangilima 2006 2010


Autobiographical books[edit]

Title Original Title Original Release English Release Ref.
A Love story, also Samuel August from Sevedstorp and Hanna i Hult Samuel August från Sevedstorp och Hanna i Hult 1975 2018 [34][35]
How Astrid Lindgren achieved enactment of the 1988 law protecting farm animals in Sweden - a selection of articles and letters published in Expressen, Stockholm, 1985-1989 1989, Animal Welfare Institute [36][37]
I keep your letters under the mattress Dina brev lägger jag under madrassen: en brevväxling 1971-2002 2018 2012 [38]
Never Violence Aldrig våld 2018 2018 [39]
War Diaries, 1939-1945 Krigsdagböcker 1939-1946 2015 2017 [40]

Other Biographies[edit]

Title Author Original Title Original Release English Release Ref.
Astrid from Vimmerby Lena Törnqvist Astrid från Vimmerby 1998 [41]
Astrid Lindgren – A Critical Study Vivi Edström Astrid Lindgren: Vildtoring och lägereld 1992 [42]
Astrid Lindgren, Storyteller to the World Johanna Hurwitz Astrid Lindgren, Storyteller to the World 1989 1989 [43]
Astrid Lindgren: The Woman Behind Pippi Longstocking Jens Andersen Denne Dag, Et Liv - En Astrid Lindgren-biografi 2014 2018 [44]
Astrid Lindgren (World Authors Series) Eva-Maria Metcalf Astrid Lindgren 1995 1995 [45]


This is a chronological list of feature films based on stories by Astrid Lindgren.[46][47] There are live action films as well as animated features. The most films were made in Sweden, followed by Russia. Some are international coproductions.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lentz Iii, Harris M (2003-04-09). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2002: Film, Television, Radio, Theatre, Dance, Music, Cartoons and Pop Culture. ISBN 9780786414642.
  2. ^
  3. ^ "UNESCO's statistics on whole Index Translationum database". Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  4. ^ FAQ at Astrid Lindgren official site (in Swedish).
  5. ^ Source – Steinar Mæland.[full citation needed]
  6. ^ Hagerfors, Anna-Maria (2002).
  7. ^ Jørgensen, Jørn-Kr. "Harry Söderman". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
  8. ^ Fox, Margalit (2002-01-29). "Astrid Lindgren, Author of Children's Books, Dies at 94". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  9. ^ Lindgren, Astrid. "Astrid Lindgren has been translated into 106 languages!". Astrid Lindgren Company. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  10. ^ Meri, Tiina. "PIPPI LONGSTOCKING – REBEL ROLE MODEL". Sweden. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis" Archived 29 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Arbeitskreis für Jugendliteratur e.V. (DJLP).
    "German Children's Literature Award". English Key Facts. DJLP. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
  12. ^ Preisjahr "1956". Database search report. DJLP. Retrieved 5 August 2013. See "Kategorie: Prämie". The Happy Lion by Louise Fatio and Roger Duvoisin won the main Children's Book award (Kategorie: Kinderbuch).
  13. ^ Personen "Lindgren, Astrid". Database search report. DJLP. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  14. ^ "Hans Christian Andersen Awards". International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY). Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  15. ^ "Astrid Lindgren" (pp. 24–25, by Eva Glistrup).
      "Half a Century of the Hans Christian Andersen Awards" (pp. 14–21). Eva Glistrup.
    The Hans Christian Andersen Awards, 1956–2002. IBBY. Gyldendal. 2002. Hosted by Austrian Literature Online. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  16. ^ "ASTRID LINDGREN – ÅRETS SVENSK I VÄRLDEN 1997 (Astrid Lindgren – Swedes of the World, Swede of the Year 1997)".
  17. ^ John-Henri, Holmberg (1997), "Scandinavia", in Clute, John; Grant, John, The Encyclopedia of Fantasy, New York: St. Martin's Griffin, p. 841
  18. ^ John-Henri, Holmberg (1997), "Lindgren, Astrid (Anna Emilia)", in Clute, John, and John Grant, The Encyclopedia of Fantasy, New York: St. Martin's Griffin, p. 582
  19. ^ Anette Øster Steffensen (2003): "Two Versions of the Same Narrative – Astrid Lindgren's Mio, min Mio in Swedish and Danish".
  20. ^ "Astrid Lindgren och världen".
  21. ^ "Astrid Lindgren timeline, 1974–76". Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  22. ^ a b Stougaard-Nielsen, Jakob (2017). Scandinavian Crime Fiction. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 77. ISBN 9781472522757.
  23. ^ a b Biro, Jan (2009). The Swedish God. Los angeles: Homulus Foundation. p. 55. ISBN 9780984210305.
  24. ^ Andersen, Jens (2018). Astrid Lindgren: The Woman Behind Pippi Longstocking. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300226102.
  25. ^ Clas Barkman (16 May 2010). "Brev från Astrid Lindgren visar hennes stöd för S". Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  26. ^ Christian Pfeiffer. "Außenansicht: Gewaltlosigkeit fängt bei den Kindern an".
  27. ^ "Astrid Lindgrens Vision: Niemals Gewalt!".
  28. ^
  29. ^ "List of Registered Heritage: Astrid Lindgren Archives".
  30. ^ "Sveriges Riksbank". The Riksbank. 2011-09-30. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  31. ^ Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – p.256. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  32. ^ "Källa Astrid" på Astrids källa "Astrid's Wellspring [source of inspiration] in Astrid's Wellspring" Archived 28 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Kinda-Posten(in Swedish). Archived 12 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ "Vălkommen Till Astrid Lindgrens Năs". Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  34. ^ "A Love story".
  35. ^ "Samuel August from Sevedstorp and Hanna i Hult".
  36. ^ "How Astrid Lindgren achieved enactment of the 1988 law protecting farm animals in Sweden - a selection of articles and letters published in Expressen, Stockholm, 1985-1989".
  37. ^ "How Astrid Lindgren Achieved Enactment of the 1988 Law Protecting Farm Animals in Sweden: A Selection of Articles and Letters Published in Expressen, Stockholm, 1985-1989".
  38. ^ "I keep your letters under the mattress".
  39. ^ "Never Violence in English".
  40. ^ "BOOK REVIEW: 'War Diaries 1939-1945' - Washington Times".
  41. ^ "Astrid from Vimmerby (In English)".
  42. ^ "Astrid Lindgren, a critical study / Vivi Edström ; translated from the Swedish by Eivor Cormack".
  43. ^ "Astrid Lindgren, Storyteller to the World".
  44. ^ "Astrid Lindgren: The Woman Behind Pippi Longstocking review".
  45. ^ "Astrid Lindgren (World Authors Series)".
  46. ^ Films based on Astrid Lindgren stories (in Swedish).
  47. ^ Astrid Lindgren at IMDb.
  • Hagerfors, Anna-Maria (2002), "Astrids sista farväl", Dagens nyheter, 8/3–2002.

Further reading[edit]

  • Astrid Lindgren – en levnadsteckning. Margareta Strömstedt. Stockholm, Rabén & Sjögren, 1977.
  • Paul Berf, Astrid Surmatz (ed.): Astrid Lindgren. Zum Donnerdrummel! Ein Werk-Porträt. Zweitausendeins, Frankfurt 2000 ISBN 3-8077-0160-5
  • Vivi Edström: Astrid Lindgren. Im Land der Märchen und Abenteuer. Oetinger, Hamburg 1997 ISBN 3-7891-3402-3
  • Maren Gottschalk: Jenseits von Bullerbü. Die Lebensgeschichte der Astrid Lindgren. Beltz & Gelberg, Weinheim 2006 ISBN 3-407-80970-0
  • Jörg Knobloch (ed.): Praxis Lesen: Astrid Lindgren: A4-Arbeitsvorlagen Klasse 2–6, AOL-Verlag, Lichtenau 2002 ISBN 3-89111-653-5
  • Sybil Gräfin Schönfeldt: Astrid Lindgren. 10. ed., Rowohlt, Reinbek 2000 ISBN 3-499-50371-9
  • Margareta Strömstedt: Astrid Lindgren. Ein Lebensbild. Oetinger, Hamburg 2001 ISBN 3-7891-4717-6
  • Astrid Surmatz: Pippi Långstrump als Paradigma. Die deutsche Rezeption Astrid Lindgrens und ihr internationaler Kontext. Francke, Tübingen, Basel 2005 ISBN 3-7720-3097-1
  • Metcalf, Eva-Maria: Astrid Lindgren. New York, Twayne, 1995

External links[edit]