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In Greek mythology, Astymedusa (Ancient Greek: Ἀστυμέδουσα, Astymédousa) is occasionally named as a later wife of Oedipus. After parting with Jocasta or after the death of Euryganeia, who was his second wife,[1] Oedipus married Astymedousa.[2] Astymedusa accused Polynices and Eteocles of attempting to rape her, thus driving Oedipus into a frenzy.[3] This is held as an alternate cause for the curse which led to the fraternal discord at the heart of the myth of the wars at Thebes.[4]


  1. ^ Pausanias 9.5.11; cf. Watson (1994, p. 237).
  2. ^ The DScholia to Iliad 4.376 places the union following Oedipus' discovery that Jocasta was his mother; the marriage took place following Euryganeia's death according to the scholia to Euripides, Phoenissae 53 (citing Pherecydes, FGrHist 3 F 48).
  3. ^ Eustathius on Homer, Iliad 4.376–81 (vol. i, p. 767) .
  4. ^ Watson (1994, p. 237).


  • Watson, P.A. (1994), Ancient Stepmothers: Myth, Misogyny and Reality, Leiden, ISBN 9004101764 .