Astyra (Aeolis)

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Astyra (Ancient Greek: Ἀστυρα), also known as Astyrum or Astyron (Ἄστυρον), and perhaps also Andeira (Ἀνδειρα),[1] was a small town of ancient Aeolis and of Mysia, in the Plain of Thebe, between Antandrus and Adramyttium. It had a temple of Artemis, of which the Antandrii had the superintendence.[2] Artemis had hence the name of Astyrene or Astirene.[3] There was a lake Sapra near Astyra, which communicated with the sea. Pausanias, from his own observations, describes a spring of black water at Astyra; the water was hot. But he places Astyra in the territory of Atarneus.[4] There was, then, either a place in Atarneus called Astyra, with warm springs, or Pausanias has made some mistake; for there is no doubt about the position of the Astyra of Strabo and Pomponius Mela.[5] Astyra was a deserted place, according to Pliny's authorities; he calls it Astyre.[6] There are said to be coins of Astyra.

It was a member of the Delian League.[7]

Its site is tentatively located near Büyük Çal Tepe, Asiatic Turkey.[1][8]


  1. ^ a b Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 56, and directory notes accompanying.
  2. ^ Strabo. Geographica. Vol. p. 613. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  3. ^ Xenophon. Hellenica. Vol. 4.1.41.
  4. ^ Pausanias. Description of Greece. Vol. 4.35.10.
  5. ^ Pomponius Mela. De situ orbis. Vol. 1.19.
  6. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. Vol. 5.32.
  7. ^ Athenian Tribute Lists
  8. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Astyra". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 39°33′37″N 27°10′42″E / 39.560183°N 27.178235°E / 39.560183; 27.178235