Asuka-Fujiwara

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Asuka-Fujiwara: Archaeological sites of Japan’s Ancient Capitals and Related Properties is a cluster of archaeological sites from in and around the late sixth- to early eighth-century capitals of Asuka and Fujiwara-kyō, Nara Prefecture, Japan. In 2007, twenty eight sites were submitted jointly for future inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List under the ii, iii, iv, v, and vi criteria. Currently, the submission is listed on the Tentative List.[1][2]

Since 2011, the Cultural Landscape of the Asuka Hinterland has been protected as one of the Cultural Landscapes of Japan.[3] An area of 60 ha is also protected within the Asuka Historical National Government Park.[4] Related artefacts are housed at the Asuka Historical Museum.[5]

Sites[edit]

Site Municipality Comments Image Coordinates
Ishibutai Kofun
石舞台古墳
Ishibutai kofun
Asuka C7 kofun; the largest stone weighs over seventy-five tons; Special Historic Site[6][7] Ishibutai-kofun Asuka Nara pref05n4592.jpg 34°28′01″N 135°49′34″E / 34.46686286°N 135.82612794°E / 34.46686286; 135.82612794 (Ishibutai Kofun)
Takamatsuzuka Tomb
高松塚古墳
Takamatsuzuka kofun
Asuka Special Historic Site with National Treasure wall paintings (detached in 2007) and ICP grave goods[8][9][10][11] Takamatsuzuka mural 2006-03-31.jpg 34°27′44″N 135°48′22″E / 34.46226847°N 135.80619935°E / 34.46226847; 135.80619935 (Takamatsuzuka Tomb)
Kitora Tomb
キトラ古墳
Kitora kofun
Asuka Special Historic Site with wall paintings of the four directions and an astronomical chart, also recently detached[11][12] Kitora Tumulus.jpg 34°27′04″N 135°48′19″E / 34.4510899°N 135.80516226°E / 34.4510899; 135.80516226 (Kitora Tomb)
Kawara-dera Site
川原寺跡
Kawaradera ato
Asuka Historic Site and temple complex with roof tiles that are "among the most beautiful ever made in Japan"[13][14] Asuka Kawara no Miya.jpg 34°28′21″N 135°49′03″E / 34.47249006°N 135.81740826°E / 34.47249006; 135.81740826 (Kawara-dera Site)
Daikandai-ji Site
大官大寺跡
Daikandaiji ato
Asuka Historic Site and precursor to Daian-ji[14][15] 34°29′18″N 135°49′05″E / 34.48844301°N 135.81818651°E / 34.48844301; 135.81818651 (Daikandai-ji Site)
Asagaotsuka Kofun
牽牛子塚古墳
Asagaotsuka kofun
Asuka Historic Site with ICP grave goods[16][17] Kengoshiduka.JPG 34°27′59″N 135°47′32″E / 34.46638486°N 135.79233279°E / 34.46638486; 135.79233279 (Asagaotsuka Kofun)
Nakaoyama Kofun
中尾山古墳
Nakaoyama kofun
Asuka Historic Site[18] Nakaoyama Kofun.jpg 34°27′51″N 135°48′22″E / 34.46422182°N 135.8059738°E / 34.46422182; 135.8059738 (Nakaoyama Kofun)
Sakafune Ishi Site
酒船石遺跡
Sakafune-ishi iseki
Asuka Historic Site[19] Sakafune1916 1.JPEG 34°28′32″N 135°49′24″E / 34.47555984°N 135.82345272°E / 34.47555984; 135.82345272 (Sakafune Ishi Site)
Jōrin-ji Site
定林寺跡
Jōrinji ato
Asuka Historic Site[20] 34°28′01″N 135°48′46″E / 34.46688944°N 135.81272012°E / 34.46688944; 135.81272012 (Jōrin-ji Site)
Asuka-dera Site
飛鳥寺跡
Asukadera ato
Asuka Historic Site[21] 飛鳥寺復元図.jpg 34°28′43″N 135°49′14″E / 34.4784979°N 135.82058527°E / 34.4784979; 135.82058527 (Asuka-dera Site)
Tachibana-dera Precinct
橘寺境内
Tachibanadera keidai
Asuka Historic Site[22] Tachibanadera autumn.jpg 34°28′12″N 135°49′04″E / 34.47008648°N 135.81773828°E / 34.47008648; 135.81773828 (Tachibana-dera Precinct)
Iwayayama Kofun
岩屋山古墳
Iwayayama kofun
Asuka Historic Site[23] DPP 0328.JPG 34°27′57″N 135°47′51″E / 34.46571205°N 135.79763412°E / 34.46571205; 135.79763412 (Iwayayama Kofun)
Itabuki Palace Site
伝飛鳥板蓋宮
den Asuka Itabuki no miya ato
Asuka Historic Site and one of the imperial palaces while the capital was at Asuka[24] Asuka Itabuki no Miya 2.jpg 34°28′24″N 135°49′16″E / 34.47337281°N 135.82100944°E / 34.47337281; 135.82100944 (Itabuki Palace Site)
Asuka Mizuochi Site
飛鳥水落遺跡
Asuka Mizuochi iseki
Asuka Historic Site[25] Mizuochi-iseki-1.jpg 34°28′49″N 135°49′06″E / 34.48035257°N 135.81829106°E / 34.48035257; 135.81829106 (Asuka Mizuochi Site)
Inabuchi Palace Site
飛鳥稲淵宮殿跡
Asuka Inabuchi kyūden ato
Asuka Historic Site[26] 34°27′47″N 135°49′20″E / 34.46299334°N 135.82229861°E / 34.46299334; 135.82229861 (Inabuchi Palace Site)
Marukoyama Kofun
マルコ山古墳
Marukoyama kofun
Asuka Historic Site[27] Marukoyamakohunn.JPG 34°27′39″N 135°47′26″E / 34.46096019°N 135.79068029°E / 34.46096019; 135.79068029 (Marukoyama Kofun)
Asuka Pond Workshop Site
飛鳥池工房遺跡
Asuka-ike kōbō iseki
Asuka Historic Site and government workshop, producing items of gold, silver, bronze, and iron, as well as lacquerware; also a mint[28][29] 34°28′38″N 135°49′21″E / 34.47728182°N 135.82244459°E / 34.47728182; 135.82244459 (Asuka Pond Workshop Site)
Hinokuma-dera Site
檜隈寺
Hinokumadera ato
Asuka Historic Site and recipient in 686 of a thirty-year maintenance grant of a hundred households, as chronicled in Nihon Shoki[30][31][32] 34°27′24″N 135°48′11″E / 34.456757°N 135.803116°E / 34.456757; 135.803116 (Hinokuma-dera Site)
Asuka Palace Ponds
飛鳥京跡苑池
Asuka-kyō ato enchi
Asuka Historic Site and Place of Scenic Beauty, a pair of ponds in gardens extending 80 metres E-W and at least 230 metres N-S and related to the Itabuki Palace[33][34] 34°28′30″N 135°49′07″E / 34.474987°N 135.818604°E / 34.474987; 135.818604 (Asuka Palace Ponds)
Oka-dera Site
岡寺跡
Okadera ato
Asuka Historic Site[35][36] Okadera Asuka Nara pref27n3900.jpg 34°28′18″N 135°49′41″E / 34.47165872°N 135.82804543°E / 34.47165872; 135.82804543 (Oka-dera Site)
Yamada-dera Site
山田寺跡
Yamadadera ato
Sakurai Special Historic Site with well-preserved ICP wooden corridors discovered in 1982[37][38][39] Yamadadera sisekihi01.jpg 34°29′03″N 135°49′48″E / 34.48404558°N 135.83012668°E / 34.48404558; 135.83012668 (Yamada-dera Site)
Fujiwara Palace Site
藤原宮跡
Fujiwara-kyū seki
Kashihara Special Historic Site and former capital[40] Fujiwara-kyo Kashihara Nara pref Japan03bs5.jpg 34°30′08″N 135°48′26″E / 34.50222329°N 135.80732073°E / 34.50222329; 135.80732073 (Fujiwara Palace Site)
Moto Yakushi-ji Site
本薬師寺
Moto Yakushiji ato
Kashihara Special Historic Site and precursor to Yakushi-ji; established by Emperor Temmu for the recovery of Empress Jitō[14][41][42] 34°29′34″N 135°48′00″E / 34.49266238°N 135.7999852°E / 34.49266238; 135.7999852 (Moto Yakushi-ji Site)
Ueyama Kofun
植山古墳
Ueyama kofun
Kashihara Historic Site unearthed during studies to reroute the city's roads, comprising two rectangular burial mounds c.13m long with stone chambers in a hill measuring 40x27m; of different construction dates in late C6 and C7[43][44] 34°28′35″N 135°48′14″E / 34.47635104°N 135.80402341°E / 34.47635104; 135.80402341 (Ueyama Kofun)
Maruyama Kofun
丸山古墳
Maruyama kofun
Kashihara Historic Site investigated by William Gowland, a rectangular chamber with two sarcophagi, long corridor, and stone roof weighing in excess of a hundred tons[45][46] Misemaruyama-ancienttomb3.jpg 34°28′36″N 135°47′53″E / 34.47661917°N 135.79816017°E / 34.47661917; 135.79816017 (Maruyama Kofun)
Shōbuike Kofun
菖蒲池古墳
Shōbuike kofun
Kashihara Historic Site and C7 rectangular tumulus with two sarcophagi[47][48] 34°28′21″N 135°48′28″E / 34.47263012°N 135.80771678°E / 34.47263012; 135.80771678 (Shōbuike Kofun)
Fujiwara-kyō Suzaku Avenue Site
藤原京朱雀大路跡
Fujiwara-kyō seki Suzaku-ōji ato
Kashihara Historic Site (see also Suzakumon)[49] 34°29′46″N 135°48′27″E / 34.49613691°N 135.80745531°E / 34.49613691; 135.80745531 (Fujiwara-kyō Suzaku Avenue Site)
Yamato Sanzan
大和三山
Yamato sanzan
Kashihara Place of Scenic Beauty and meisho celebrated in Japanese poetry [50] Kashihara-unebi.JPG 34°30′54″N 135°48′20″E / 34.51488847°N 135.80560453°E / 34.51488847; 135.80560453 (Yamato Sanzan)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Asuka-Fujiwara: Archaeological sites of Japan's Ancient Capitals and Related Properties". UNESCO. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  2. ^ "Monuments". Asuka Mura. Retrieved 2 Feb 2013. 
  3. ^ "奥飛鳥の文化的景観" [Cultural Landscape of the Asuka Hinterland]. Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Asuka Historical National Government Park". Asuka Historical National Government Park. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Asuka Historical Museum". Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  6. ^ 石舞台古墳 [Ishibutai Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  7. ^ "Ishibutai Kofun". Asuka Historical Museum. Archived from the original on 24 April 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  8. ^ 高松塚古墳 [Takamatsuzuka Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  9. ^ 高松塚古墳壁画 [Wall Paintings from the Takamatsuzuka Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  10. ^ 高松塚古墳出土品 [Excavated Artefacts from the Takamatsuzuka Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  11. ^ a b ""Conservation" of mural paintings of Takamatsuzuka and Kitora Tumuli Japan" (PDF). French Ministry of Culture. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 November 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  12. ^ キトラ古墳 [Kitora Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  13. ^ 川原寺跡 [Kawaradera Site] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c McCallum, Donald F (2009). The Four Great Temples: Buddhist Archaeology, Architecture, and Icons of Seventh-Century Japan. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-3114-1. 
  15. ^ "大官大寺跡" [Daikandaiji Site]. Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  16. ^ 牽牛子塚古墳 [Asagaotsuka Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  17. ^ 大和国高市郡牽牛子塚古墳出土品 [Excavated Artefacts from the Asagaotsuka Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  18. ^ 中尾山古墳 [Nakaoyama Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  19. ^ 酒船石遺跡 [Sakafune Ishi Site] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  20. ^ 定林寺跡 [Jōrinji Site] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  21. ^ "飛鳥寺跡" [Asukadera Site]. Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  22. ^ 橘寺境内 [Tachibanadera Precinct] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  23. ^ 岩屋山古墳 [Iwayama Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  24. ^ 伝飛鳥板蓋宮跡 [Site known as the Asuka Itabuki Palace] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  25. ^ "飛鳥水落遺跡" [Asuka Mizuochi Site]. Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  26. ^ "飛鳥稲淵宮殿跡" [Asuka Inabuchi Palace Site]. Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  27. ^ マルコ山古墳 [Marukoyama Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  28. ^ 飛鳥池工房遺跡 [Asuka Pond Workshop Site] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  29. ^ "Site of Asuka-ike workshop". Kashihara City. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  30. ^ 檜隈寺跡 [Hinokumadera Site] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  31. ^ "Site of Hinokuma-dera". Kashihara City. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  32. ^ Aston, W.G (1972) [1896]. Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697. 2. Tuttle. p. 379. ISBN 0-8048-0984-4. 
  33. ^ "飛鳥京跡苑池" [Asuka Palace Ponds]. Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  34. ^ 史跡 名勝 飛鳥京跡苑池 [Historic Site & Place of Scenic Beauty: Asuka Palace Pond] (in Japanese). Kashihara City. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  35. ^ 岡寺跡 [Okadera Site] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  36. ^ "Oka-dera". Asuka Historical Museum. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  37. ^ 山田寺跡 [Yamadadera Site] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  38. ^ 奈良県山田寺跡出土品 [Excavated Artefacts from Yamadadera] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  39. ^ Parent, Mary Neighbour (1984). "Yamadadera: Tragedy and Triumph". Monumenta Nipponica. Sophia University. 39 (3): 307–331. doi:10.2307/2384596. 
  40. ^ 藤原宮跡 [Fujiwara Palace Site] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  41. ^ 本薬師寺跡 [Moto Yakushiji Site] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  42. ^ "Moto Yakushiji". Asuka Historical Museum. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  43. ^ 植山古墳 [Ueyama Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  44. ^ "Burial site unearthed in Nara". The Japan Times. 18 August 2000. Archived from the original on 9 October 2006. Retrieved 15 May 2011. 
  45. ^ 丸山古墳 [Maruyama Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  46. ^ "Maruyama Kofun". Asuka Historical Museum. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  47. ^ 菖蒲池古墳 [Shōbuike Kofun] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  48. ^ "Shobu-ike Kofun". Asuka Historical Museum. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  49. ^ 藤原京跡 朱雀大路跡 [Fujiwara-kyō Suzaku Avenue Site] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  50. ^ 大和三山 [Yamato Sanzan] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 

External links[edit]