|Other names||Al-Bara'ah ("The Repeduiation")|
|Position||Juzʼ 10 to 11|
|Hizb number||19 to 21|
|Number of Rukus||16|
|Number of verses||129|
|Number of Sajdahs||none|
|Number of words||2001|
Sūrat at-Tawbah (Arabic: سورة التوبة, "The Repentance"), also known as al-Barā'ah ("The Repudiation"), is the ninth chapter of the Qur'an. It contains 129 verses and is one of the last Madinan chapters. It is the only sūrah of the Qur'an that does not begin with the basmala. This sūrah was revealed at the time of the Battle of Tabuk.
Verse 37 documents the prohibition of nasīʾ, the calculation of intercalation for the lunar calendar by the priests of the Banu Kinanah tribe of the Quraysh. This prohibition was repeated by Muhammad during the Farewell Sermon on Mount Arafat, which was delivered during the Farewell Pilgrimage to Mecca on 9 Dhu al-Hijjah 10 AH.
According to Zayd ibn Thabit, when the Qu'ran was first being compiled, he found the last verses of this sūrah in the possession of Abu'l-Khuzayma al-Ansari and no one else. In another account, Ubay ibn Ka'b informed Zayd that the Prophet taught him the end of this sūrah and recited the same verses. Some, like Ibn Hazm, suggested that Abu Khuzayma was the only one to have the last verses in written form, as Zayd and others had memorized them.
- Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (2015). The Study Qur'an. New York: HarperCollins. p. 503. ISBN 978-0-06-112586-7.
- Muḥammad ibn Ismāʻīl Bukhārī, Sahih al-Bukhari, Peace Vision, 1971 p.1727.
- F. E. Peters, A Reader on Classical Islam, Princeton University Press 1993 p.180.
- Ahmad Ali Al-Imam, Variant Readings of the Qurʼan: A Critical Study of Their Historical and Linguistic Origins, International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2006 pp.28-29.
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