At-Tur (Mount of Olives)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

At-Tur (Arabic: الطور‎, lit. "The Mount" in Arabic[1]) is an Arab majority neighborhood on the Mount of Olives approximately 1 km east of the Old City of Jerusalem. At-Tur is situated in East Jerusalem,[2] which was annexed by Israel after the Six-Day War in 1967.

History[edit]

The Chapel of the Ascension is located in At-Tur. Located on the Mount of Olives, the chapel is part of a larger complex consisting first of a Christian church and monastery, then an Islamic mosque. It is located on a site which the Christian faithful traditionally believe to be the earthly spot where Jesus ascended into Heaven forty days after his resurrection.

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1596, the village appeared as Tur Zayta in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Quds of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 48 households and 8 bachelors, all Muslim, and paid taxes on wheat, barley, vines or fruit trees, and goats or beehives, a total of 3,200 akçe.[3]

In 1838, in the Biblical Researches in Palestine, it was noted as a Muslim village, located in el-Wadiyeh’ district, east of Jerusalem.[4][5]

An Ottoman village list of about 1870 counted 38 houses and a population of 127, though the population count included men, only. It was described as a village on the Mount of Olives.[6][7]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described At-Tur as "a small straggling village on the top of Olivet. The houses are built of stone, but low and mean. The church of the Ascension, now a mosque, stands towards the west at the brow of the hill."[8]

In 1896 the population of Et-tur was estimated to be about 474 persons.[9]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, At Tur had a population 1,037; 806 Muslims and 231 Christians,[10] increasing in the 1931 census to 2,090; 12 Jews, 253 Christians and 1,825 Muslims, in 400 houses.[11]

In the 1945 statistics the population of Et Tur was 2,770; 2,380 Muslims and 390 Christians,[12] who owned 8,808 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[13] 228 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 2,838 for cereals,[14] while 86 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[15]

Jordanian era[edit]

After the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, At-Tur came under Jordani rule.

The Jordanian census of 1961 found 4,289 inhabitants in At-Tur,[16] of whom 686 were Christian.[17]

Post-1967[edit]

After the 1967 Six-Day War, At-Tur has been under Israeli occupation.

At-Tur has a population of 18,150, mostly Israeli Jews, as well as Muslims with a small Christian minority. Landmarks in At-Tur include the Augusta Victoria Hospital, the Church and Convent of Pater Noster, where the Lord's Prayer is inscribed in 110 languages,[18][19] and the Seven Arches Hotel.[20]

The Al-Makassed Islamic Charitable Hospital, a 250-bed medical facility with in-patient and out-patient services is located in At-Tur.[21]

Jewish Israelis have been buying properties in the neighbourhood and have been resettling the Mount of Olives at a growing rate.

On Friday, 24 April 2015, a 16-year-old resident of at-Tur was shot dead by Israeli soldiers at the Az-Zaim checkpoint. The police said he attacked with a knife, but his family denied this.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 330
  2. ^ "Building and Infrastructure Development in East Jerusalem" (Press release). Municipality of Jerusalem. 3 March 1997. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
  3. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 118
  4. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol. 3, 2nd appendix, p. 122
  5. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol. 2, pp. 347, 405, 565
  6. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 162 It was also noted to be in the el-wadije district.
  7. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 124 also noted 38 houses
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 30
  9. ^ Schick, 1896, p. 121
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jerusalem, p. 14
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 44
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 25
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 58
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 104
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945; quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 154
  16. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 13
  17. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, pp. 115-116
  18. ^ The Pater Noster Church on the Mount of Olives Archived July 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., netours.com; accessed 24 November 2014.
  19. ^ Church of the Pater Noster (Jerusalem), sacred-destinations.com; accessed 24 November 2014.
  20. ^ Seven Arches Hotel profile[permanent dead link], jerusalemfoundation.org; accessed 24 November 2014.
  21. ^ Al-Makassed Hospital profile, biojerusalem.org.il; accessed 24 November 2014.
  22. ^ Hasson, Nir; Reuters (2015-04-25). "Palestinian Tries to Stab Police Officers in Jerusalem and Is Shot Dead, Police Says". Haaretz. Retrieved 2017-03-27.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°46′49″N 35°14′47″E / 31.78028°N 35.24639°E / 31.78028; 35.24639