Atalaya Castle (US)
Ocean side view of the 'Atalaya Castle' facade.
|Nearest city||Murrells Inlet, South Carolina|
|Architect||Archer Milton Huntington; William Thompson|
|Part of||Atalaya and Brookgreen Gardens (#84002045)|
|NRHP Reference #||84002045|
|Added to NRHP||September 7, 1984|
|Designated NHLDCP||October 5, 1992|
Atalaya Castle, also known as Atalaya, was the winter home of industrialist and philanthropist Archer M. Huntington and his wife, the sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington, located in Huntington Beach State Park near the Atlantic coast in Murrells Inlet, Georgetown County, South Carolina.
Atalaya was built near the Atlantic Ocean in northeastern South Carolina, within present day Huntington Beach State Park. The location was chosen as a milder winter retreat for the health of Anna Huntington, who suffered from tuberculosis from the mid-twenties to the mid-thirties.
The 200 by 200 foot (60 by 60 m) masonry structure was built from 1931 to 1933 apparently without drawn plans, Archer Huntington had already designed the residence for them with his detailed imagination 'in his head.' Local labor was used at Archer Huntington's insistence to provide work for a community hard hit by the Great Depression.
Atalaya (AH-tuh-lie-yuh) means "watchtower" in Arabic, as in the real Atalaya Castle in Spain. The house is dominated by a square tower, which housed a 3,000 gallon water tank. Rising nearly 40 feet (12 m) from a covered walkway, it bisects Atalaya's inner court. The inner walls of the main courtyard were covered with creeping fig vines, Sabal palmettos, the South Carolina state tree, and other palms.
The living quarters consist of 30 rooms around three sides of the perimeter, while the studio, with its 25-foot (8 m) skylight, opens onto a small, enclosed courtyard where Anna Hyatt Huntington worked on her sculptures. Pens for animal models, including horses, dogs and bears, are situated adjacent to the open studio. The building also features hand-wrought iron grills designed by Mrs. Huntington, which cover the exteriors of windows. These and shutters were installed for protection against hurricane winds.
During World War II the Huntingtons vacated Atalaya and provided it to the Army Air Corps for use from 1942 to 1946.
The Huntingtons last used Atalaya as their winter home in 1947. Most of the furnishings were sent to New York City after Mr. Huntington's death in 1955. The studio equipment was moved to a new studio at Brookgreen Gardens just across U.S. Route 17, which cut through the Huntingtons' former contiguous property.
The 2,500-acre (10 km²) tract was leased to the state in 1960 for use as a state park. Mrs. Huntington died in 1973.
Atalaya Castle was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984, and was included in the designation of Atalaya and Brookgreen Gardens (along with the sculpture garden at Brookgreen Gardens) as a National Historic Landmark District in 1992.
The Friends of Huntington Beach State Park offer guided tours of Atalaya and operate the Atalaya Visitor Center with exhibits about the house and the Huntingtons.
The annual Atalaya Arts and Crafts Festival is held each year in late September.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Atalaya Castle.|
- Brochure on Huntington Beach State Park by the SC Department of Parks, Recreation & Tourism (4/06)
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Anna Hyatt Huntington". Answers.com.
- "Atalaya". Friends of Huntington Beach State Park. Archived from the original on 2010-08-04.
- "Preserving Atalaya, an Unusual Home". South Carolina State Parks. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "South Carolina - Georgetown County". National Register of Historic places.
- "Atalaya and Brookgreen Gardens". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
- Jill S. Mesirow and Page Putnam Miller (April 15, 1992). "National Historic Landmark Nomination: Atalaya and Brookgreen Gardens" (pdf). National Park Service. Accompanying 26 photos, exterior and interior, from 1992 (32 KB).
- "Atalaya Arts and Crafts Festival". Archived from the original on 16 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-07.