Atana

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Athana is a raga (musical scale) in Carnatic music (South Indian classical music). It is a Janya raga (derived scale), whose Melakarta raga (parent, also known as janaka) is Dheerasankarabharanam, 29th raga, commonly known as Shankarabharanam in the Melakarta system.

It is considered to be a very catchy raga that gives a stage flavor for a musician when everything is going dull in a concert. It stimulates the audience by its qualities of Veeram (courage).[1]

Structure and Lakshana[edit]

Parent scale Shankarabharanam with Shadjam at C

Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):

The swaras used are chathusruthi rishabham, antara gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, chathusruthi dhaivatham and kaishiki nishadham. Atana is a bhashanga raga (kind of raga where the arohana and avarohana are not strictly followed). That is, it has two annyaswaras (alien notes; foreign swaras).[1] They are sadharana gandharam (G2) and kaisiki nishadham (N2).[1]

Popular Compositions[edit]

Here are some more compositions set to Atana.

Type Composition Composer Tala
kriti atla palukaduvu Tyagaraja Adi
kriti amma dharma-samvardhani Thyagaraja Adi
Kriti Narada-gana Lola Thyagaraja Adi
Kriti Sripa-priya Sangitopasana Thyagaraja Adi
Kriti Ela nee daya radu Thyagaraja Adi
Kriti Ilalo pranatartti harudanuchu Thyagaraja Adi
Kriti Anupama Gunaambudhi Thyagaraja Khanda Chapu
Kriti Karunasagara Vedanayagam pillai Adi
kriti Herambaya namaste Muthuswami Dikshitar Rupakam
Kriti Brihaspate tara pate Muthuswami Dikshitar Tisra Triputa
kriti Sri vaidyanatham bhajami Muthuswami Dikshitar Adi
kriti madhura madhura venugitam Uttukadu Venkata kavi Adi
Varnam Sarasijanabha Kim Swathi Thirunal Adi
Padam (Malayalam) Kantha Thava Pizha Swathi Thirunal Adi
Padam (Telugu) Valapu Thalavasama Swathi Thirunal Misra Chapu
Padam (Sanskrit) Sadhu Jane Swathi Thirunal Roopakam
Kriti Sarasayata Lochana Swathi Thirunal Adi
Kriti Sri Kumara Nagaralaye Swathi Thirunal Adi
Bhajan Sumarana Kar Swathi Thirunal Adi
Kriti Amba nee iranga enil Papanasam Sivan Adi
Kriti Shri Mahaganapatim Bhajeham Jayachamaraja Wodeyar Bahadur Adi
Kriti Vaachaama gocharundani Mysore Sadasiva Rao Adi
Kriti Parama Pavani Annaswamy Sastri Adi
Kriti Kulukaga Nadavaro Kommalaala Annamacharya Adi
Kriti sakala graha bala nine Purandara Dasa Khanda chapu
Devotional Tirumal Nam Perumal Manachanallur Giridharan Aegam
Film Song Yar Tharuvar Indha Ariyasanam K V Mahadevan Adi
Thillana Thillana Composition Nallan Chakravartula Krishnamacharyulu Adi
kriti Pranamamyaham shiva-parvati-sutam Hari Sundareswara Sharma Adi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications