Atana is a raga (musical scale) in Carnatic music (South Indian classical music). It is a Janya raga (derived scale), whose Melakarta raga (parent, also known as janaka) is Shankarabharanam, 29th in the 72 Melakarta raga system.
It is considered to be a very catchy raga that gives a stage flavor for a musician when everything is going dull in a concert. It stimulates the audience by its qualities of Veeram (courage).
Structure and Lakshana
Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):
The swaras used are chathusruthi rishabham, antara gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, chathusruthi dhaivatham and kakali nishadham. Atana is a bhashanga raga (kind of raga where the arohana and avarohana are not strictly followed). That is, it has two annyaswaras (alien notes; foreign swaras). They are sadharana gandharam (G2) and kaisiki nishadham (N2).
Here are some more compositions set to Atana.
|Kriti||Narada Gana Lola||Thyagaraja||Adi|
|Kriti||Ela nee daya radu||Thyagaraja||Adi|
|Kriti||Ilalo pranatarti harudanuchu||Thyagaraja||Adi|
|Kriti||Anupama Gunaambudhi||Thyagaraja||Khanda Chapu|
|Kriti||Brihaspathe taaraa pate||Muthuswami Dikshitar||Tisra Triputa|
|Varnam||Sarasijanabha Kim||Swathi Thirunal||Adi|
|Padam (Malayalam)||Kantha Thava Pizha||Swathi Thirunal||Adi|
|Padam (Telugu)||Valapu Thalavasama||Swathi Thirunal||Misra Chapu|
|Padam (Sanskrit)||Sadhu Jane||Swathi Thirunal||Roopakam|
|Kriti||Sarasayatha Lochana||Swathi Thirunal||Adi|
|Kriti||Sri Kumara Nagaralaye||Swathi Thirunal||Adi|
|Bhajan||Sumarana Kar||Swathi Thirunal||Adi|
|Kriti||Amba nee iranga enil||Papanasam Sivan||Adi|
|Kriti||Shree Mahaganapatim Bhajeham||Jayachamaraja Wodeyar Bahadur||Adi|
|Kriti||Vaachaama gocharundani||Mysore Sadasiva Rao||Adi|
|Kriti||Parama Pavani||Annaswamy Sastri||Adi|
|Kriti||Kulukaga Nadavaro Kommalaala||Annmacharya||Adi|
|Kriti||sakala graha bala nine||Purandara Dasa||Khanda chapu|
|Devotional||Tirumal Nam Perumal||Manachanallur Giridharan||Aegam|
|Film Song||Yar Tharuvar Indha Ariyasanam||K V Mahadevan||Adi|
- Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications