Atatürk Bridge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Atatürk Bridge

Atatürk Köprüsü
Isstamboul - Pont Unkapani.jpg
Atatürk Bridge as seen from the Galata Tower
Coordinates41°01′27.1″N 28°57′55.1″E / 41.024194°N 28.965306°E / 41.024194; 28.965306Coordinates: 41°01′27.1″N 28°57′55.1″E / 41.024194°N 28.965306°E / 41.024194; 28.965306
Carries3 vehicular lanes and a sidewalk in each direction
CrossesGolden Horn
LocaleUnkapanıAzapkapı, Istanbul, Turkey
Official nameAtatürk Köprüsü
Other name(s)Ataturk Bridge
Unkapanı Bridge
OwnerMetropolitan Municipality of Istanbul
Total length477 m (1,565 ft)
Width25 m (82 ft)
Construction start1936
Construction end1940
ReplacesThird bridge (1912–1936)
Second bridge (1875–1912)
First bridge (1836–1875)

Atatürk Bridge, alternatively known as the Unkapanı Bridge, is a highway bridge on the Golden Horn in Istanbul, Turkey. It is named after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey.

It was originally completed in 1836, named Hayratiye Bridge, and connected the quarters of Unkapanı and Azapkapı. The construction of the Hayratiye Bridge was ordered by the Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II and supervised by Ahmed Fevzi Pasha, the Deputy Admiral of the Ottoman Fleet, at the Imperial Naval Arsenal (Tersâne-i Âmire) on the Golden Horn. The opening was personally attended by Sultan Mahmud II in 1836, who crossed the bridge on his horse. The original bridge was about 400 metres (1,300 feet) long and 10 metres (33 feet) wide, and was built as a bascule bridge to accommodate the passage of large ships.

In 1875 it was replaced by a second bridge, made of iron and constructed by a French company at the price of 135,000 Ottoman gold liras. It was 480 metres (1,570 feet) long and 18 metres (59 feet) wide, and remained in service between 1875 and 1912, when it was demolished due to reaching the end of its service life.

In 1912, the nearby Third Galata Bridge was disassembled and was reassembled at the site of the demolished Hayratiye Bridge, becoming the third bridge on this site. It was used until 1936, when it was damaged by a storm.

The current (fourth) bridge on this site was constructed between 1936 and 1940, and entered service in 1940 with the name Atatürk Bridge. It is 477 metres (1,565 feet) long and 25 metres (82 feet) wide.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]