Istanbul Atatürk Airport

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Istanbul Atatürk Airport
İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı
Tavlairportsogo.png
Ataturk Airport overview Karakas.jpg
IATA: ISTICAO: LTBA
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner General Directorate of State Airports
Operator TAV Airports
Serves Istanbul, Turkey
Location Yeşilköy
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 163 ft / 50 m
Coordinates 40°58′34″N 028°48′51″E / 40.97611°N 28.81417°E / 40.97611; 28.81417Coordinates: 40°58′34″N 028°48′51″E / 40.97611°N 28.81417°E / 40.97611; 28.81417
Website ataturkairport.com
Map
IST is located in Istanbul
IST
IST
Location within Istanbul
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 3,000 9,843 Concrete
17R/35L 3,000 9,843 Concrete
05/23 2,580 8,465 Grooved Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Total passengers 56,954,790
International Passengers 38,200,788
Source: AIP Turkey[1]

Istanbul Atatürk Airport (IATA: ISTICAO: LTBA) (Turkish: İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı) is the main international airport serving Istanbul, Turkey (followed by Sabiha Gökçen International Airport) and the biggest airport in Turkey by total number of passengers, destinations served and aircraft movements. Opened in 1924 and located in Yeşilköy, on the European side of the city, it is 24 km (15 mi) west[1] of the city centre and functions as the main hub for Turkish Airlines.

In 1980, the airport was renamed Atatürk International Airport in honor of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey. It served over 51 million passengers in 2013, making it the 17th busiest airport in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and the 10th busiest in the world in terms of international passenger traffic. It was Europe's 4th busiest airport in 2014.[2] Once the Istanbul New Airport is finished Istanbul-Atatürk Airport is planned to be closed.[3][4]

Access[edit]

There are several ways to travel between Atatürk International Airport and the city center.

  • Subway Service: Metro service on the Istanbul Metro line M1A exists between Yenikapı and Atatürk International Airport. The line goes through some major parts of the European side of the city, including the intercity bus terminal. The Metro takes the passengers to Yenikapı in 30–35 minutes.[5] The approximate cost is 0.75 euros one-way.
  • Airport Shuttle Service: The shuttle services are operated by Havataş, which is one of the major ground handling companies within Turkey. The buses run half-hourly to Bakırköy, Yenikapı, Aksaray, Taksim Square. Also, there is a fast ferry terminal in Bakırköy which connects the terminal to Bostancı and Kadıköy. Havaş buses run between the airport and the fast ferry terminal according to the departures and arrivals of the ferries.[6]
  • Municipality Bus: Municipality buses also run to Taksim, Etiler and Kozyatağı. This is a slower but much cheaper alternative than Havataş.[7]
  • Car: The airport is accessible through the coastal road, D-100 international road and TEM (Trans-European Motorway).

Facilities[edit]

Apron overview
Istanbul Atatürk Airport, November 2013

Terminals[edit]

Istanbul Atatürk Airport features four terminals:

  • Terminal 1 handles domestic flights within Turkey
  • Terminal 2 is used for all international flights
  • Terminal 3 for all freight operations
  • General Aviation Terminal

Inaugurated in 2000, the new international terminal is an efficient and modern terminal. After the new terminal opened, domestic flights were moved to the old international terminal. Despite its 1960s design, this new domestic terminal can handle more passengers than the more modern but smaller previous domestic terminal.

The airport terminals have been operated by TAV (Tepe-Akfen-Ventures) since January 2000. TAV has invested US$600 million since 1998. In 2005 TAV won the concession agreement to operate Atatürk for 15.5 years at a record breaking amount of $4 billion, which also represents the highest figure for such a privatization project in Turkey, Eastern Europe, Middle East, Commonwealth of Independent States and North Africa.

TAV (Tepe-Akfen-Ventures) started its construction at the airport for new boarding gates at international terminal as well as building a new air traffic control tower. Unused facility buildings are demolished and 3 new boarding bridges are being built. When the new tower is completed, the old one will be demolished. When the international terminal is expanded, some of the jet ways will be left to the domestics terminal which are on the west of the international terminal, connected to it.

Runways[edit]

There is a plan to build another runway parallel to runway 05/23, so when the current runway undergoes reconstruction, this new runway will handle traffic. The land required to build the new runway on belongs to the military and this is being negotiated between the military and the airport. Also, there are plans to expand the length of runway 05/23 to allow larger aircraft.[8] Wind direction is mainly from northeast and sometimes from southwest.[9]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Turkish Airlines is the largest carrier operating at Atatürk Airport.
An AtlasJet Airbus A320-200 taxiing at Atatürk Airport.
An Etihad Airways Airbus A321-200 at the airport.
A Mahan Air Airbus A300B4-600R at Atatürk Airport.
A Singapore Airlines Boeing 777-300 departing from Istanbul-Atatürk Airport.
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana 2
Aegean Airlines Athens 2
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
Aeroflot
operated by Donavia
Rostov-on-Don, Sochi 2
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg 2
Afriqiyah Airways Tripoli (suspended)[citation needed] 2
Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba, Constantine, Oran 2
Air Astana Almaty, Astana, Atyrau, Aktau 2
Air Bishkek Bishkek[citation needed] 2
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson 2
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
Air Moldova Chişinău 2
Air Serbia Belgrade 2
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino 2
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul 2
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon 2
Ata Airlines Tabriz[10] 2
AtlasGlobal Adana, Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Edremit, Gaziantep, Izmir, Kayseri 1
AtlasGlobal Amsterdam,[11] Baghdad (begins 21 September 2015),[12] Basra (begins 26 October 2015),[12] Bishkek,[13] Cologne/Bonn,[11] Düsseldorf,[11] Erbil, Ercan, Jeddah, Kaliningrad (begins 2 September 2015),[14] London-Luton, Najaf (begins 27 October 2015),[15] Paris-Charles de Gaulle,[16] Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tbilisi, Sharjah, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sulaymaniyah
Seasonal: Pristina, Sarajevo
2
AtlasGlobal UA Kharkiv (begins 4 September 2015),[17] Lviv,[18] Zaporizhia (begins 1 September 2015)[19] 2
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku 2
Belavia Minsk-National 2
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Buraq Air Benghazi, Tripoli (suspended)[citation needed] 2
Caspian Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
China Southern Airlines Ürümqi 2
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York-JFK 2
Dniproavia Dnipropetrovsk 2
EgyptAir Cairo 2
Emirates Dubai-International 2
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 2
Gulf Air Bahrain, Kuwait City 2
Iberia Madrid 2
Iran Air Tabriz, Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Basra, Erbil 2
Jazeera Airways Kuwait City 2
Jetairfly Brussels, Charleroi 2
KLM Amsterdam 2
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 2
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City 2
Libyan Airlines Bayda, Benghazi, Tripoli (suspended)[citation needed] 2
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal:[20] Munich
2
Mahan Air Isfahan, Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Meraj Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Mashhad 2
Middle East Airlines Beirut 2
Onur Air Adana, Antalya, Alanya (Gazipaşa), Bodrum, Dalaman, Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Izmir, Malatya, Samsun, Trabzon 1
Onur Air Amsterdam, Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Ercan, Frankfurt, Odessa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Stuttgart,[21] Vienna[22] 2
Pegasus Airlines Izmir 1
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Qeshm Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 2
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 2
Saudia Dammam, Jeddah, Madinah, Riyadh 2
SCAT Aktau, Karaganda, Shymkent 2
Singapore Airlines Singapore 2
Somon Air Dushanbe 2
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 2
Tajik Air Dushanbe 2
TAROM Bucharest 2
Transaero Airlines Moscow-Vnukovo[23] 2
Tunisair Tunis 2
Turkish Airlines Adana, Adıyaman, Ağrı, Alanya, Ankara, Antalya, Batman, Bingöl, Bodrum, Çanakkale, Dalaman, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Elazığ, Erzincan, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Hakkari, Hatay, Iğdır, Izmir, Kahramanmaraş, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Konya, Kütahya, Malatya, Mardin, Merzifon, Muş, Nevşehir, Ordu-Giresun, Samsun, Şanlıurfa, Şırnak, Sinop, Sivas, Trabzon, Van 1
Turkish Airlines Aalborg, Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Abuja,[24] Accra, Addis Ababa, Aden (suspended),[25] Ahvaz,[26] Alexandria, Algiers, Almaty, Amman, Amsterdam, Aqaba, Ashgabat, Asmara, Astana, Astrakhan, Athens, Atlanta (begins 16 May 2016),[27] Baghdad, Bahrain, Baku, Bamako, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Basra, Batna, Batumi, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Billund, Birmingham, Bishkek, Bologna, Bordeaux, Boston, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cairo, Cape Town, Casablanca, Catania, Chicago-O'Hare, Chişinău, Cologne/Bonn, Colombo, Constanța, Constantine, Copenhagen, Cotonou, Dakar, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Dhaka, Djibouti, Dnipropetrovsk, Doha, Douala, Dubai-International, Dublin, Dushanbe, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Entebbe/Kampala, Erbil, Frankfurt, Friedrichshafen, Ganja, Gassim, Geneva, Genoa, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Graz, Guangzhou, Hamburg, Hannover, Helsinki, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Hurghada, Isfahan, Islamabad, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg-O. R. Tambo, Kabul, Kano, Karachi, Karlsruhe/Baden Baden, Kathmandu, Kazan, Kermanshah, Khartoum, Kherson, Khujand, Kiev-Boryspil, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kinshasa-N'djili, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Lagos, Lahore, Leipzig/Halle, Libreville, Lisbon, Ljubljana, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Lviv, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Malé, Malta, Manchester, Manila,[28] Maputo (begins 28 October 2015),[29] Marseille, Mashhad, Mazar-i-Sharif, Medina, Milan-Malpensa, Miami (resumes 25 October 2015),[29] Minsk-National, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow-Vnukovo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Münster/Osnabrück, N'Djamena, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Najaf, Nakhchivan, Naples, New York-JFK, Niamey, Nice, Nicosia, Nouakchott, Novosibirsk, Nuremberg, Odessa, Oran, Osaka-Kansai, Osh, Oslo-Gardermoen, Ouagadougou, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Podgorica, Porto, Prague, Pristina, Riga, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Rotterdam/The Hague, Saint Petersburg, Salzburg, San Francisco,[30] Sana'a (suspended),[31] Santiago de Compostela, Sarajevo, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Sharm el-Sheikh, Shiraz, Singapore, Skopje, Sochi, Sofia, Stavropol, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Sulaymaniyah, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Tabriz, Ta'if, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tallinn, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tlemcen, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Tunis, Turin, Ufa, Ulan Bator, Valencia, Varna, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Yanbu, Yaoundé, Yekaterinburg, Zagreb, Zürich 2
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat, Turkmenbashi 2
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil, Odessa 2
Uzbekistan Airlines Tashkent 2
Yakutia Airlines Krasnodar 2
Yemenia Sana'a
Zagros Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Zagrosjet Erbil 2

Charters[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Azmar Airlines Charter: Sulaymaniyah[citation needed] 2
Corendon Airlines Charter: Amsterdam, Tehran-Imam Khomeini[citation needed] 2
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Amsterdam, Barcelona, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Marseille, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Nantes, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Seville, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Vienna, Zürich[citation needed] 2
I-Fly Charter: Moscow-Vnukovo[citation needed] 2

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Algérie Cargo Algiers
Air France Cargo Paris-Charles de Gaulle
DHL Aviation
operated by MNG Airlines
Leipzig/Halle
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo[32]
FedEx Express Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Hong Kong Airlines Almaty, Hong Kong, New Delhi
Iran Air Cargo Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
MNG Airlines Almaty, Cologne/Bonn, Hahn, London-Luton, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Tripoli-Mitiga, Munich
MyCargo Airlines Bahrain, Hong Kong, Lahore, New York-JFK, Singapore, Tallinn
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Silk Way Airlines Baku
TNT Airways Liège
Turkish Airlines Cargo Accra, Algiers, Almaty, Amman, Ashgabat, Astana, Atlanta,[33] Baku, Bangkok, Beirut, Belgrade, Bishkek, Budapest, Cairo, Casablanca, Chicago-O'Hare,[34] Delhi, Dhaka, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Entebbe, Erbil, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Karachi, Khartoum, Kiev-Boryspil, Lagos, Maastricht, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Minsk-National, Misrata, Mumbai, Nairobi, Sarajevo, Seoul, Shanghai, Shannon,[35] Singapore, Stockholm, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran, Tel Aviv, Tunis, Vienna, Zürich
ULS Airlines Cargo Beijing-Capital, Hong Kong, Kiev-Boryspil, Manila, Manston, Shanghai-Pudong
UPS Airlines Algiers, Cologne/Bonn, Newark, Shenzhen
Uzbekistan Airways Cargo Tashkent

Traffic[edit]

Overview[edit]

Atatürk Airport still faces capacity issues. The total number of passengers has doubled in the past five years, and domestic traffic has almost quadrupled (see statistics section below). Its rated capacity of 14 million international passengers per year and 10 million domestic passengers per year was barely sufficient for the demand in 2007 and 2008. The Istanbul greater metropolitan area is expected/projected to have a demand of 35 million international passengers and 25 million domestic passengers annually by the year 2015.[citation needed] However, introduction of the Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway in 2013[36] may shift rail passenger market share from 10% to 78%.[37] Completion of the construction of the intercity highways linking Istanbul to other cities (to Bursa, İzmir, Antalya and the Black Sea Speedway) may also decrease airport demand.[citation needed]

Atatürk shares traffic with Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, which is on the Anatolian (Asian) side of Istanbul, which had annual passenger traffic of just 11.1 million in 2010. The two airports both provide domestic and international service to the Istanbul area.

A third big airport (Istanbul New Airport) is being planned in order to meet Istanbul's growing domestic and international air traffic demand as a source, destination and transit point. A site in the European part on the coast of the Black Sea has already been chosen[38][39][40][41] and the bidding for the TL10bn ($5.6bn) construction is to start in May 2013.[42] Atatürk International Airport will continue operations in a lower capacity when the third airport enters into service.[43]

IST ranked 17th in ACI statistics at the end of 2011 in terms of international traffic with almost 24 Million international passengers. It ranked 29th in the world in terms of total passenger traffic with over 37.4 Million passengers in 2011. Its total traffic within the last decade more than tripled, and its international traffic quadrupled. If the current passenger growth maintains itself, IST is expected to become one of the 25 busiest airports in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and top 15 in terms of international traffic by the end of year 2012.[44][45] According to data from FlightStats in 2012, the Atatürk Airport had the most flight delays in Europe, and was ranked second in flight cancellations.[46]

Statistics[edit]

Below is the passenger data for Istanbul for the years 2002–2014:[47]

Passenger figures[edit]

Passenger statistics at Atatürk Int'l Airport[47]
Year
Domestic
passengers
Passenger
% change
International
passenger
Passenger
% change
Total
passenger
Passenger
% change
World rank
international
World rank
total
2015 (Jul.) 11,273,973 Increase7 23,438,400 Increase10 34,712,373 Increase9
2014 18,754,002 Increase9 38,200,788 Increase12 56,954,790[48] Increase11 9th 13th[49]
2013 17,224,105 Increase13 34,096,770 Increase14 51,320,875 Increase14 10th 18th
2012 15,281,321 Increase14 29,717,196 Increase24 44,998,508 Increase20 13th[50] 21th[clarification needed][51]
2011 13,604,352 Increase15 23,847,835 Increase17 37,452,187 Increase17 17th 28th
2010 11,800,999 Increase3 20,344,620 Increase11 32,145,619 Increase8 19th 37th
2009 11,393,645 Decrease1 18,363,739 Increase8 29,757,384 Increase4 Steady Steady
2008 11,484,063 Increase20 17,069,069 Increase26 28,553,132 Increase23 Steady Steady
2007 9,595,923 Increase6 13,600,306 Increase12 23,196,229 Increase9 Steady Steady
2006 9,091,693 Increase21 12,174,281 Increase3 21,265,974 Increase10 Steady Steady
2005 7,512,282 Increase39 11,781,487 Increase16 19,293,769 Increase24 Steady Steady
2004 5,430,925 Increase70 10,169,676 Increase14 15,600,601 Increase29 Steady Steady
2003 3,196,045 Increase12 8,908,268 Increase5 12,104,342 Increase7 Steady Steady
2002 2,851,487 Steady 8,506,204 Steady 11,357,691 Steady Steady Steady

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest international routes from Atatürk Int'l Airport (2011)[52][not in citation given]
Rank City Airlines
1 Frankfurt-Main Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines
2 Amsterdam Corendon Airlines, KLM, Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
3 London-Heathrow British Airways, Turkish Airlines
4 Rome-Fiumicino Alitalia, Turkish Airlines
5 New York-JFK Delta Air Lines, Turkish Airlines
6 Dubai Emirates, Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
7 Madrid-Barajas Iberia, Turkish Airlines
8 Paris-Charles de Gaulle Air France, Turkish Airlines
9 Munich Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines
10 Seoul-Incheon Asiana Airlines, Korean Air, Turkish Airlines
11 Vienna Austrian Airlines, Turkish Airlines
12 Milan-Malpensa Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
13 Berlin-Tegel Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines
14 Zürich Swiss International Airlines, Turkish Airlines
15 Düsseldorf Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines, Onur Air
16 Chicago-O'Hare Turkish Airlines
17 Singapore Singapore Airlines, Turkish Airlines
18 Athens Aegean Airlines, Turkish Airlines
19 Toronto-Pearson Air Canada, Turkish Airlines
20 Beijing-Capital Turkish Airlines
Busiest domestic routes from Atatürk Int'l Airport (2011)[citation needed]
Rank Airport Passengers
1 Ankara Turkish Airlines
2 İzmir Atlasjet, Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
3 Antalya Atlasjet, Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
4 Adana Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
5 Diyarbakır Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
6 Erzurum Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
7 Trabzon Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
8 Bodrum Atlasjet, Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
9 Samsun Onur Air, Turkish Airlines
10 Kayseri Turkish Airlines

Other facilities[edit]

  • Turkish Airlines has its headquarters in the Turkish Airlines General Management Building, located within the airport campus.[53][54]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 30 January 1975, Turkish Airlines Flight 345, crashed into the Sea of Marmara during its final approach to the airport. All 42 passengers and crew on board were killed.[56]
  • On 25 April 2015, Turkish Airlines Flight 1878, operated by A320-200, TC-JPE was severely damaged in a landing accident. The aircraft aborted the first hard landing, which inflicted engine and gear damage. On the 2nd attempt at landing, the right gear collapsed and the aircraft rolled off the runway spinning 180 degrees. All on board evacuated without injury.[57]

Trivia[edit]

  • The Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers lists Atatürk International Airport as one of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects completed in the first 50 years of the chamber's existence.[58]
  • In the 2013 Air Transport News awards ceremony, İstanbul Atatürk Airport was named Airport of the Year.[59] Also, the airport has been named Europe's Best Airport in the 40-50 million passenger per year category at the 2013 Skytrax World Airport Awards.[60]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ "THY chairman: İstanbul Atatürk Airport to close down". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
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  5. ^ Hafif raylı sistem
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  7. ^ İETT
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  10. ^ http://ataair.ir/Page/34/en-US/RouteFlight
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  13. ^ "AtlasGlobal to Begin Bishkek Service from mid-June 2015". airlineroute.net. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  14. ^ Костоглодов, Денис (3 July 2015). "С сентября открываются регулярные авиарейсы из Калининграда в Стамбул". Калининград.Ru. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
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  16. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/07/08/kk-cdg-jul15/
  17. ^ http://business.vesti-ukr.com/108361-atlasjet-zapustil-prodazhu-biletov-na-mezhdunarodnye-rejsy-iz-ukrainy
  18. ^ http://portal.lviv.ua/news/2015/07/23/atlasjet-ukrayina-rozpochala-prodazh-kvitkiv
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  29. ^ a b "Turkish Airlines Adds New Long-Haul Destinations in W15". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  30. ^ "Turkish Airlines S15 Operation Changes as of 23JUL14". Airline Route. 23 July 2014. Archived from the original on 24 July 2014. 
  31. ^ Ghattas, Abir. "Yemen's No Fly Zone: Thousands of Yemenis are Stranded Abroad". Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  32. ^ Egypt Air cargo Winter/Spring 2013 schedule
  33. ^ "Turkish Airlines Cargo SUMMER 2015 CARGO SCHEDULE" (PDF). 
  34. ^ "Turkish freighter goes to Chicago". Air Cargo News. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  35. ^ "New Cargo Connection with Turkey at Shannon Airport - clare.fm". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  36. ^ Marmaray completion delayed to 2013, cost increases by $500 mln, Today Zaman 2009-12-19
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  38. ^ "İstanbul'a yapılacak 3. havalimanının haritası ortaya çıktı". T24. 2012-10-29. Retrieved 30 October 2012.  English translation
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  40. ^ "Third airport a must to ease air traffic in İstanbul" Sunday's Zaman, 29 April 2012. Retrieved: 4 August 2012.
  41. ^ "New Istanbul airport capacity will power Turkish Airlines growth" Retrieved: 9 November 2012
  42. ^ Dombey, Daniel (23 January 2013). "Turkey seeks to build six-runway airport". Financial Times. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  43. ^ "Yıldırım denies reports of Atatürk Airport conversion to congress center". Todayszaman.com. 2012-11-11. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  44. ^ ACI Europe 2007 Final Rankings
  45. ^ ACI International Passenger Traffic Monthly Ranking
  46. ^ "Atatürk Airport first in flight delays, second in cancellations in Europe". Today's Zaman. 24 April 2012. 
  47. ^ a b "Devlet Hava Meydanları İşletmesi Genel Müdürlüğü". Dhmi.gov.tr. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
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  49. ^ "Year to date Passenger Traffic". 
  50. ^ "Year to date". Aci.aero. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  51. ^ "Year to date". Aci.aero. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
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  53. ^ "Contact Us." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 26 June 2010.
  54. ^ "Map." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 26 June 2010. Archived 2 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
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External links[edit]

Media related to Atatürk International Airport at Wikimedia Commons