Istanbul Atatürk Airport
|Istanbul Atatürk Airport
İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı
|IATA: IST – ICAO: LTBA|
|Owner||General Directorate of State Airports|
|Elevation AMSL||163 ft / 50 m|
Istanbul Atatürk Airport (IATA: IST, ICAO: LTBA) (Turkish: İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı) is the main international airport serving Istanbul, Turkey (followed by Sabiha Gökçen International Airport) and the biggest airport in Turkey by total number of passengers, destinations served and aircraft movements. Opened in 1924 and located in Yeşilköy, on the European side of the city, it is 24 km (15 mi) west of the city centre and functions as the main hub for Turkish Airlines.
In 1980, the airport was renamed Atatürk International Airport in honor of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey. It served near 57 million passengers in 2014, making it the 13th busiest airport in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and the 9th busiest in the world in terms of international passenger traffic. It was Europe's 3rd busiest airport just after London Heathrow, Paris Charles de Gaulle and ahead of Frankfurt Airport in 2015. Once the Istanbul New Airport is finished, Atatürk will be closed.
|This section does not cite any sources. (February 2014)|
Istanbul Atatürk Airport features four terminals:
- Terminal 1 handles domestic flights within Turkey
- Terminal 2 is used for all international flights
- Terminal 3 for all freight operations
- General Aviation Terminal
Inaugurated in 2000, the new international terminal is an efficient and modern terminal. After the new terminal opened, domestic flights were moved to the old international terminal. Despite its 1960s design, this new domestic terminal can handle more passengers than the more modern but smaller previous domestic terminal.
The airport terminals have been operated by TAV (Tepe-Akfen-Ventures) since January 2000. TAV has invested US$600 million since 1998. In 2005 TAV won the concession agreement to operate Atatürk for 15.5 years at a record breaking amount of $4 billion, which also represents the highest figure for such a privatization project in Turkey, Eastern Europe, Middle East, Commonwealth of Independent States and North Africa.
TAV (Tepe-Akfen-Ventures) started its construction at the airport for new boarding gates at international terminal as well as building a new air traffic control tower. Unused facility buildings are demolished and 3 new boarding bridges are being built. When the new tower is completed, the old one will be demolished. When the international terminal is expanded, some of the jet ways will be left to the domestics terminal which are on the west of the international terminal, connected to it.
There is a plan to build another runway parallel to runway 05/23, so when the current runway undergoes reconstruction, this new runway will handle traffic. The land required to build the new runway on belongs to the military and this is being negotiated between the military and the airport. Also, there are plans to expand the length of runway 05/23 to allow larger aircraft. Wind direction is mainly from northeast and sometimes from southwest.
Airlines and destinations
|Azmar Airlines||Charter: Sulaymaniyah||2|
|Corendon Airlines||Charter: Amsterdam, Tehran-Imam Khomeini||2|
|Freebird Airlines||Seasonal charter: Amsterdam, Barcelona, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Marseille, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Nantes, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Seville, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Vienna, Zürich||2|
|I-Fly||Charter: Moscow-Vnukovo||2|
|Parts of this article (those related to Text in Traffic section) are outdated. (August 2013)|
Atatürk Airport still faces capacity issues. The total number of passengers has doubled in the past five years, and domestic traffic has almost quadrupled (see statistics section below). Its rated capacity of 14 million international passengers per year and 10 million domestic passengers per year was barely sufficient for the demand in 2007 and 2008. The Istanbul greater metropolitan area is expected/projected to have a demand of 35 million international passengers and 25 million domestic passengers annually by the year 2015. However, introduction of the Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway in 2013 may shift rail passenger market share from 10% to 78%. Completion of the construction of the intercity highways linking Istanbul to other cities (to Bursa, İzmir, Antalya and the Black Sea Speedway) may also decrease airport demand.
Atatürk shares traffic with Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, which is on the Anatolian (Asian) side of Istanbul, which had annual passenger traffic of just 11.1 million in 2010. The two airports both provide domestic and international service to the Istanbul area.
A third big airport (Istanbul New Airport) is being planned in order to meet Istanbul's growing domestic and international air traffic demand as a source, destination and transit point. A site in the European part on the coast of the Black Sea has already been chosen and the bidding for the TL10bn ($5.6bn) construction is to start in May 2013. Atatürk International Airport will continue operations in a lower capacity when the third airport enters into service.
IST ranked 17th in ACI statistics at the end of 2011 in terms of international traffic with almost 24 Million international passengers. It ranked 29th in the world in terms of total passenger traffic with over 37.4 Million passengers in 2011. Its total traffic within the last decade more than tripled, and its international traffic quadrupled. If the current passenger growth maintains itself, IST is expected to become one of the 25 busiest airports in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and top 15 in terms of international traffic by the end of year 2012. According to data from FlightStats in 2012, the Atatürk Airport had the most flight delays in Europe, and was ranked second in flight cancellations.
Below is the passenger data for Istanbul for the years 2002–2015:
|2||İzmir||Atlasjet, Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines|
|3||Antalya||Atlasjet, Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|4||Adana||Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|5||Diyarbakır||Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|6||Erzurum||Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|7||Trabzon||Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|8||Bodrum||Atlasjet, Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
|9||Samsun||Onur Air, Turkish Airlines|
- Turkish Airlines has its headquarters in the Turkish Airlines General Management Building, located within the airport campus.
- Onur Air has its headquarters in Technical Hangar B.
There are several ways to travel between Atatürk International Airport and the city center.
- Subway Service: Metro service on the Istanbul Metro line M1A exists between Yenikapı and Atatürk International Airport. The line goes through some major parts of the European side of the city, including the intercity bus terminal.
- Bus and Coach
- Airport Shuttle Service: The shuttle services are operated by Havataş, which is one of the major ground handling companies within Turkey. The buses run half-hourly to Bakırköy, Yenikapı, Aksaray, Taksim Square. Municipality buses also run to Taksim, Etiler and Kozyatağı.
The airport is accessible through the coastal road, D-100 international road and TEM (Trans-European Motorway).
Incidents and accidents
- On 30 January 1975, Turkish Airlines Flight 345, crashed into the Sea of Marmara during its final approach to the airport. All 42 passengers and crew on board were killed.
- On 25 April 2015, Turkish Airlines Flight 1878, operated by A320-200, TC-JPE was severely damaged in a landing accident. The aircraft aborted the first hard landing, which inflicted engine and gear damage. On the 2nd attempt at landing, the right gear collapsed and the aircraft rolled off the runway spinning 180 degrees. All on board evacuated without injury.
- The Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers lists Atatürk International Airport as one of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects completed in the first 50 years of the chamber's existence.
- In the 2013 Air Transport News awards ceremony, İstanbul Atatürk Airport was named Airport of the Year. Also, the airport has been named Europe's Best Airport in the 40-50 million passenger per year category at the 2013 Skytrax World Airport Awards.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.
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Media related to Atatürk International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Current weather for LTBA at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for IST at Aviation Safety Network