Istanbul Atatürk Airport

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Istanbul Atatürk Airport
İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı
Tavlairportsogo.png
Ataturk Airport Karakas-1.jpg
IATA: ISTICAO: LTBA
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner General Directorate of State Airports
Operator TAV Airports
Serves Istanbul, Turkey
Location Yeşilköy, Bakırköy
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 163 ft / 50 m
Coordinates 40°58′34″N 028°48′51″E / 40.97611°N 28.81417°E / 40.97611; 28.81417Coordinates: 40°58′34″N 028°48′51″E / 40.97611°N 28.81417°E / 40.97611; 28.81417
Website ataturkairport.com
Map
IST is located in Istanbul
IST
IST
Location within Istanbul
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 3,000 9,843 Concrete
17R/35L 3,000 9,843 Concrete
05/23 2,580 8,465 Grooved Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Total passengers 61,322,729
International passengers 41,947,327
Source: AIP Turkey[1]

Istanbul Atatürk Airport (IATA: ISTICAO: LTBA) (Turkish: İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı) is the main international airport serving Istanbul, and the biggest airport in Turkey by total number of passengers, destinations served and aircraft movements. Opened in 1924 in Yeşilköy, on the European side of the city, it is located 24 km (15 mi) west[2] of the city centre and serves as the main hub for Turkish Airlines. The city's other smaller international airport is Sabiha Gökçen International Airport.

The airport was originally named Yeşilköy Airport. In the 1980s, it was renamed Istanbul Atatürk International Airport in honour of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey. It served more than 60 million passengers in 2015, making it the 11th busiest airport in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and the 10th busiest in the world in terms of international passenger traffic. As of 2015, it is Europe's 3rd busiest airport just after London Heathrow, Paris Charles de Gaulle and ahead of Frankfurt Airport.[3]

Facilities[edit]

Terminals[edit]

Istanbul Atatürk Airport features two main passenger terminals which are interconnected to each other:[4]

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 is the older and smaller of the two terminals and exclusively handles domestic flights within Turkey. Until the opening of Terminal 2, it used to be the airport's international terminal. Terminal 1 features its own check-in and airside facilities on the upper floor that lead to twelve departure gates (101-112) which are equipped with jet bridges.[4] On the ground level there are five baggage reclaim belts as well as a curbside independent from Terminal 2.[4]

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 was inaugurated in 2000 and is used for all international flights. It features a large main hall containing eight check-in isles and a wide range of airside facilities such as shops and restaurants. The departures area consists of 27 gates (201-226) which are all equipped with jetbridges as well as several bus-boarding stands. The arrivals floor below is equipped with 11 baggage reclaim belts.[4] Terminal 2 is able to handle widebody aircraft such as Turkish Airlines' Boeing 777-300ERs.

There is also an additional terminal for general aviation to the northwest of the main areas[5] as well as a dedicated cargo terminal including sections for radioactive and refrigerated freight.[6]

The airport terminals have been operated by TAV Airports since January 2000. TAV has already invested US$600 million since 1998. In 2005 TAV won the concession agreement to operate Atatürk for 15.5 years at an amount of $4 billion. TAV started its construction at the airport for new boarding gates at international terminal as well as building a new air traffic control tower. Unused facility buildings are demolished and three new boarding bridges are being built. When the new tower is completed, the old one will be demolished. When the international terminal is expanded, some of the jetways will be left to the domestics terminal which are on the west of the international terminal, connected to it.[citation needed]

Replacement[edit]

Main article: Istanbul New Airport

A third big airport for the city under the project name Istanbul New Airport is currently under construction in order to meet Istanbul's growing domestic and international air traffic demand as a source, destination and transit point. A site in the European part on the coast of the Black Sea has been chosen[7][8][9][10] and construction started in May 2015.[11] Once the new airport is finished, Atatürk will be closed.[12][13]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Istanbul Atatürk Airport:[14]

Layout of the airport
Terminal 1 in the 1980s
Apron overview
Terminal 2
Apron in front of Terminal 2
Runway
Turkish Airlines maintains its hub at Istanbul Atatürk Airport
AtlasGlobal is another major operator at Istanbul Atatürk Airport
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens 2
Aegean Airlines
operated by Olympic Air
Seasonal: Athens (resumes 26 March 2017)[15] 2
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg 2
Afriqiyah Airways Bayda, Tripoli-Mitiga 2
Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba, Constantine, Oran 2
Air Astana Aktau, Almaty, Astana, Atyrau 2
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson 2
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
Air Moldova Chişinău 2
Air Serbia Belgrade 2
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul 2
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon 2
Ata Airlines Tabriz 2
AtlasGlobal Adana, Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Edremit, Gaziantep, Izmir, Kayseri, Konya 1
AtlasGlobal Amsterdam, Baghdad, Basra, Beirut, Bishkek, Chișinău, Doha, Düsseldorf, Erbil, Jeddah, Kaliningrad, London-Stansted, Makhachkala, Medina, Milan–Malpensa, Najaf, Nicosia–Ercan, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Sharjah, Sharm el-Sheikh, Shymkent, Stockholm-Arlanda, Sulaymaniyah, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tbilisi, Yerevan, Zürich
Seasonal: Mykonos, Pristina, Sarajevo
2
AtlasGlobal Ukraine Kharkiv, Lviv, Zaporizhia 2
AZALJet Baku 2
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku 2
Belavia Minsk 2
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Buraq Air Tripoli 2
Caspian Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Dniproavia Dnipropetrovsk 2
EgyptAir Cairo 2
Emirates Dubai-International 2
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 2
Ghadames Air Transport Tripoli-Mitiga 2
Gulf Air Bahrain 2
Iran Air Tabriz, Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Iran Aseman Airlines Urmia 2
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Basra, Erbil, Sulaimaniyah 2
Jazeera Airways Kuwait City 2
Jetairfly Brussels, Charleroi 2
KLM Amsterdam 2
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 2
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City 2
Libyan Airlines Bayda, Tripoli-Mitiga, Tripoli 2
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
2
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Meraj Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Mashhad 2
Middle East Airlines Beirut 2
Onur Air Adana, Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Gazipaşa-Alanya, Izmir, Malatya, Samsun, Trabzon 1
Onur Air Amsterdam, Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Isfahan, Nalchik, Nicosia–Ercan, Odessa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Frankfurt, Munich, Stuttgart, Vienna
2
Pegasus Airlines Izmir 1
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Qeshm Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 2
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 2
Saudia Dammam, Jeddah, Madinah, Riyadh 2
SCAT Aktau 2
Singapore Airlines Singapore 2
Somon Air Dushanbe 2
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich (resumes 25 March 2017)[16] 2
Taban Air Isfahan 2
Tajik Air Dushanbe 2
TAROM Bucharest 2
Tunisair Tunis 2
Turkish Airlines Adana, Adıyaman, Ağrı, Ankara, Antalya, Batman, Bingöl, Bodrum, Çanakkale, Dalaman, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Elazığ, Erzincan, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Gazipaşa-Alanya, Hakkari, Hatay, Iğdır, Izmir, Kahramanmaraş, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Konya, Kütahya, Malatya, Mardin, Merzifon, Muş, Nevşehir, Ordu-Giresun, Samsun, Şanlıurfa, Şırnak, Sinop, Sivas, Trabzon, Van 1
Turkish Airlines Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Accra, Addis Ababa, Ahvaz, Alexandria, Algiers, Almaty, Amman, Amsterdam, Antananarivo, Ashgabat, Asmara, Astana, Astrakhan, Athens, Atlanta, Baghdad, Bahrain, Baku, Bamako, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Basra, Batumi, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Billund, Birmingham, Bishkek, Bogotá, Bologna, Boston, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cairo, Cape Town, Caracas (begins 20 December 2016),[17] Casablanca, Catania, Chicago-O'Hare, Chişinău, Cluj-Napoca, Cologne/Bonn, Colombo, Constanța, Constantine, Copenhagen, Cotonou, Dakar, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Dhaka, Djibouti, Dnipropetrovsk, Doha, Douala, Dubai-International, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Durban, Dushanbe, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Entebbe/Kampala, Erbil, Frankfurt, Ganja, Geneva, Gothenburg, Graz, Guangzhou, Hamburg, Hannover, Havana (begins 20 December 2016),[17] Hanoi, Helsinki, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Hurghada, Isfahan, Islamabad, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg-O. R. Tambo, Kabul, Karachi, Kathmandu, Kazan, Khartoum, Kherson, Kiev-Boryspil, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kinshasa-N'djili, Košice, Kuala Lumpur-International, Kuwait, Lagos, Lahore, Leipzig/Halle, Libreville, Lisbon, Ljubljana, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Lviv, Lyon, Madrid, Mahé, Málaga, Malé, Malta, Manchester, Manila, Maputo, Marseille, Mashhad, Mauritius, Mazar-i-Sharif, Medina, Milan-Malpensa, Miami, Minsk-National, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow-Vnukovo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, N'Djamena, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Najaf, Nakhchivan, Naples, New York-JFK, Niamey, Nice, Nicosia–Ercan, Nouakchott, Novosibirsk, Nuremberg, Odessa, Oran, Osaka-Kansai (ends 31 January 2017),[18] Oslo-Gardermoen, Ouagadougou, Panama City–Tocumen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phuket (begins 17 July 2017),[19] Podgorica, Porto, Prague, Pristina, Riga, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Salzburg, San Francisco, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sarajevo, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Sharm el-Sheikh,[20] Shiraz, Singapore, Skopje, Sochi, Sofia, Stavropol, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Sulaymaniyah, Tabriz, Ta'if, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tallinn, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Tunis, Turin, Ufa, Ulan Bator, Valencia, Varna, Venice, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Yanbu, Yaoundé, Yekaterinburg, Zagreb, Zanzibar (begins 12 December 2016),[21] Zaporizhia, Zürich
Seasonal: Batna, Bordeaux, Friedrichshafen, Gassim, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Münster/Osnabrück, Pisa, Tlemcen
2
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat, Turkmenbashi 2
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil, Lviv, Odessa 2
Uzbekistan Airlines Tashkent 2
Yakutia Airlines Krasnodar 2
Zagros Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Zagrosjet Erbil 2

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Algérie Cargo Algiers
Air France Cargo Paris-Charles de Gaulle
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège
DHL Aviation
operated by MNG Airlines
Leipzig/Halle
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo
FedEx Express Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Hong Kong Airlines Almaty, Hong Kong, New Delhi
Iran Air Cargo Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
MNG Airlines Almaty, Cologne/Bonn, Hahn, London-Luton, Munich, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Tripoli-Mitiga
MyCargo Airlines Bahrain, Hong Kong, Lahore, New York-JFK, Singapore, Tallinn
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Silk Way Airlines Baku
Turkish Airlines Cargo Accra, Algiers, Almaty, Amman, Amsterdam, Ashgabat, Astana, Atlanta, Baghdad,[22] Baku, Bangkok, Beirut, Belgrade, Bishkek, Budapest, Cairo, Casablanca, Chennai, Chicago, Colombo, Delhi, Dhaka, Doha, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Entebbe, Erbil, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Karachi, Khartoum, Kiev, Kinshasa, Lagos, London-Stansted, Maastricht, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Minsk, Mumbai, Nairobi, Niš,[23] New York-JFK, Sarajevo, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Shannon, Stockholm, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran, Tel Aviv, Tunis, Vienna, Zürich
ULS Airlines Cargo Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Hong Kong, Kiev-Boryspil, Manila, Manston, Shanghai-Pudong
UPS Airlines Algiers, Cologne/Bonn, Newark, Shenzhen
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent

Statistics[edit]

Istanbul Atatürk Airport shares traffic with Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, which is on the Anatolian (Asian) side of Istanbul, which had annual passenger traffic of 11.1 million in 2010 rising to 28m in 2015.

Below is the passenger data and development for Istanbul Atatürk Airport (only) for the years 2002–2015:[24]

Passenger statistics at Atatürk Int'l Airport[24]
Year
Domestic
passengers
Passenger
% change
International
passenger
Passenger
% change
Total
passenger
Passenger
% change
World rank
international
World rank
total
2015[25] 19,375,402 Increase4 41,947,327 Increase10 61,322,729 Increase8 10th[26] 11th[27]
2014 18,754,002 Increase9 38,200,788 Increase12 56,954,790[28] Increase11 9th 13th[29]
2013 17,224,105 Increase13 34,096,770 Increase14 51,320,875 Increase14 10th 18th
2012 15,281,321 Increase14 29,717,196 Increase24 44,998,508 Increase20 13th[30] 21st[31]
2011 13,604,352 Increase15 23,847,835 Increase17 37,452,187 Increase17 17th 28th
2010 11,800,999 Increase3 20,344,620 Increase11 32,145,619 Increase8 19th 37th
2009 11,393,645 Decrease1 18,363,739 Increase8 29,757,384 Increase4 Steady Steady
2008 11,484,063 Increase20 17,069,069 Increase26 28,553,132 Increase23 Steady Steady
2007 9,595,923 Increase6 13,600,306 Increase12 23,196,229 Increase9 Steady Steady
2006 9,091,693 Increase21 12,174,281 Increase3 21,265,974 Increase10 Steady Steady
2005 7,512,282 Increase39 11,781,487 Increase16 19,293,769 Increase24 Steady Steady
2004 5,430,925 Increase70 10,169,676 Increase14 15,600,601 Increase29 Steady Steady
2003 3,196,045 Increase12 8,908,268 Increase5 12,104,342 Increase7 Steady Steady
2002 2,851,487 Steady 8,506,204 Steady 11,357,691 Steady Steady Steady

IST ranked 17th in ACI statistics at the end of 2011 in terms of international traffic with almost 24 Million international passengers. It ranked 29th in the world in terms of total passenger traffic with over 37.4 Million passengers in 2011. Its total traffic within the last decade more than tripled, and its international traffic quadrupled.[32][33]

According to data from FlightStats in 2012, the Atatürk Airport had the most flight delays in Europe, and was ranked second in flight cancellations.[34]

Other facilities[edit]

  • Turkish Airlines has its headquarters in the Turkish Airlines General Management Building, located within the airport campus.[35][36]
  • Onur Air has its headquarters in Technical Hangar B.[37]
  • Prima Aviation Services Inc. has its MRO Facilities in new technical site at the air side Gate A.[38]

Ground transport[edit]

There are several ways to travel between Atatürk International Airport and the city center.

Rail[edit]

Subway Service: Metro service on the Istanbul Metro line M1A exists between Yenikapı and Atatürk International Airport. The line goes through some major parts of the European side of the city, including the intercity bus terminal.[39]

Bus and coach[edit]

The shuttle services are operated by Havataş, which is one of the major ground handling companies within Turkey. The buses run half-hourly to Bakırköy, Yenikapı, Aksaray, Taksim Square.[40] Municipality buses also run to Taksim, Etiler and Kozyatağı.[41]

Car[edit]

The airport is accessible through the coastal road, D-100 international road and TEM (Trans-European Motorway).

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 30 January 1975, Turkish Airlines Flight 345, crashed into the Sea of Marmara during its final approach to the airport. All 42 passengers and crew on board were killed.[42]
  • On 25 April 2015, Turkish Airlines Flight 1878, operated by A320-200, TC-JPE was severely damaged in a landing accident. The aircraft aborted the first hard landing, which inflicted engine and gear damage. On the 2nd attempt at landing, the right gear collapsed and the aircraft rolled off the runway spinning 180 degrees. All on board evacuated without injury.[43]
  • On 28 June 2016, three terrorists killed 44 civilians by gunfire and subsequent suicide bombings, along with 239 civilians injured.[44][45] The three men arrived in a taxi cab, and began opening fire at a terminal. The three men blew themselves up when police began opening fire. The airport has X-ray scanners at the entrance to the terminal but security checks for cars are limited.[44][46]

Accolades[edit]

  • The Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers lists Atatürk International Airport as one of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects completed in the first 50 years of the chamber's existence.[47]
  • In the 2013 Air Transport News awards ceremony, İstanbul Atatürk Airport was named Airport of the Year.[48]
  • Also, the airport has been named Europe's Best Airport in the 40-50 million passenger per year category at the 2013 Skytrax World Airport Awards.[49]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "LTBA – Istanbul / Atatürk / International". AIP Turkey. Ankara: DHMİ Genel Müdürlüğü. 26 July 2012. part AD 2 LTBA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Istanbul Ataturk Beats Frankfurt to Climb Europe's Airport Ranks". Bloomberg Business. Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Terminal Map". 
  5. ^ "General Aviation Terminal". 
  6. ^ "Cargo Terminal". 
  7. ^ "İstanbul'a yapılacak 3. havalimanının haritası ortaya çıktı". T24. 2012-10-29. Retrieved 30 October 2012.  English translation
  8. ^ "Third Istanbul airport a step closer" rightmove overseas, 17 August 2012. Retrieved: 23 September 2012
  9. ^ "Third airport a must to ease air traffic in İstanbul" Sunday's Zaman, 29 April 2012. Retrieved: 4 August 2012.
  10. ^ "New Istanbul airport capacity will power Turkish Airlines growth" Retrieved: 9 November 2012
  11. ^ "Construction of new Istanbul airport officially starts under shadow of challenges, questions". 18 July 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  12. ^ "THY chairman: İstanbul Atatürk Airport to close down". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Istanbul's Atatürk Airport to be closed after opening of new airport, THY says - LOCAL". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  14. ^ ataturkairport.com - Flight Info retrieved 1 November 2016
  15. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/269393/aegean-s17-istanbul-operation-changes-as-of-19oct16/?highlight=Aegean%20Airlines
  16. ^ https://www.swiss.com/it/it?WT.mc_id=SEA_IT_BrandExact&WT.srch=1&tmad=c&tmcampid=103
  17. ^ a b http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/269961/turkish-airlines-plans-havana-caracas-launch-in-dec-2016/
  18. ^ "Turkish Airlines ends Osaka service in Jan 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 31 October 2016. 
  19. ^ "Turkish Airlines adds Phuket service from July 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 30 November 2016. 
  20. ^ Airporthaber.com - THY Şarm El Şeyh'e yeniden başlıyor 9 August 2016
  21. ^ "Turkish Airlines adds Zanzibar; East Africa changes from Dec 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  22. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/269905/turkish-airlines-cargo-adds-new-destinations-in-w16/
  23. ^ "EX-YU airports see cargo traffic potential". EX-Yu Aviation News. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  24. ^ a b "Devlet Hava Meydanları İşletmesi Genel Müdürlüğü". Dhmi.gov.tr. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  25. ^ DHMİ Genel Müdürlüğü. "Devlet Hava Meydanları İşletmesi Genel Müdürlüğü". 
  26. ^ "Year to date Passenger Traffic". Retrieved 2016-10-11. 
  27. ^ "Year to date Passenger Traffic". Retrieved 2016-10-11. 
  28. ^ "Year to 2014 dec. passenger". dhmi. 2014-12-21. Retrieved 2014-12-21. 
  29. ^ "Year to date Passenger Traffic". 
  30. ^ "Year to date". Aci.aero. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  31. ^ "Year to date". Aci.aero. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  32. ^ ACI Europe 2007 Final Rankings
  33. ^ ACI International Passenger Traffic Monthly Ranking
  34. ^ "Atatürk Airport first in flight delays, second in cancellations in Europe". Today's Zaman. 24 April 2012. 
  35. ^ "Contact Us." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 26 June 2010.
  36. ^ "Map." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 26 June 2010. Archived 11 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  37. ^ "Communication." Onur Air. Retrieved 8 June 2014. Map. "Head Office Atatürk Havalimanı B Kapısı Teknik Hangar Yanı 34149 Yeşilköy/İSTANBUL/TÜRKİYE"
  38. ^ "Communication." Onur Air. Retrieved 8 June 2014. [1]. "Head Office YESILKOY MAH. HAVAALANI CAD. ATATURK HAVALIMANI NO:2/12-1 ZIP: 34149 BAKIRKOY / ISTANBUL"
  39. ^ Hafif raylı sistem
  40. ^ "Havaş". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  41. ^ İETT
  42. ^ "Aircraft accident Fokker F-28 Fellowship 1000 TC-JAP Istanbul-Yeşilköy Airport (IST) [Marmara Sea]". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  43. ^ Hradecky, Simon. "Accident: THY A320 at Istanbul on Apr 25th 2015, hard landing, go-around, engine problem, gear problem, gear collapse, runway excursion". Aviation Herald. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  44. ^ a b "Istanbul Ataturk airport attack: 41 dead and more than 230 hurt - BBC News". Retrieved 2016-06-30. 
  45. ^ Sabrina Tavernise; Ceylan Yeginsu (28 June 2016). "Attack at Istanbul Airport Leaves at Least 31 Dead". New York Times. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  46. ^ "Blast and gunfire 'at Istanbul airport'". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-06-28. 
  47. ^ "50 yılda 50 eser - HHPortal". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  48. ^ "Air Transport News". Atn.aero. 2013-03-18. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  49. ^ "World's Best Airports by Passenger Numbers | 2013". Worldairportawards.com. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 

External links[edit]

Istanbul Atatürk Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage
Media related to Istanbul Atatürk Airport at Wikimedia Commons