Ataulfo (mango)

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Ataulfo mango (left), Tommy Atkins (right)

The Ataúlfo, also called young, baby, yellow, honey, Adaulfo, Adolfo, or Champagne is a mango cultivar from Mexico.[1] Ataulfo mangos are golden yellow and generally weigh between 6 and 10 ounces (170 and 280 g), with a somewhat sigmoid (oblong) shape[1] and a gold-blushed yellow skin.[2] Their buttery flesh is not fibrous, and they have a thin pit. Their flesh is a deep yellow and high in sugar (15 grams per 100-gram serving), with a rich, sweet flavor. They were named for grower Ataulfo Morales Gordillo.[3]

Origin[edit]

The Mexican Institute of Industrial Property (Instituto Mexicano de la Propiedad Industrial) granted the designation of origin of this fruit to the government of Chiapas.[3]

In 1958, the agronomist Hector Cano Flores (the discoverer of Ataulfo mango) reportedly made a clone of an Ataulfo mango which he named IMC-M2.[citation needed]

In 2003, the Mexican government, through the Official Gazette, published Comunicado No. 14 – 2003 titled “Abstract of the application for the declaration (protection) of the Appellation of Origin: Mango Ataulfo del Soconusco Chiapas,” a declaration that the term “Mango Ataulfo del Soconusco Chiapas” is an appellation of origin for a specific kind of mango fruit produced in several regions of Chiapas, Mexico[4] where the Ataulfo was first grown by Ataulfo Morales Gordillo.[3]

Production[edit]

The fruit grows in warm, moist climates with summer rains, but monsoon temperatures must not decline to 41 °F.[citation needed] The proper temperature for this type of mango is 83 °F with rainfall between 1090–3000 mm annually, from April to October.[citation needed]

The Ataulfo mangoes originate in the Mexican states of Michoacan, Sinaloa, Nayarit, Jalisco, Veracruz and Chiapas, and are sold between March and September.[2] In the Mexican state of Chiapas, mango production was, as of 2008, the sixth most important agricultural activity, based on cultivated surfaces, following corn, beans, coffee, sugar cane and cocoa.[citation needed] Ataulfo production in that state was concentrated in the Soconusco coastal region. Overall, producer organizations estimated that there were 18,000 hectares of Ataulfo mangoes in production in the state.[5]

Consumption[edit]

Ataulfo mangoes gained popularity in the United States beginning in the late 1990s,[6] though they have been a major crop in Mexico for decades.[3][1] As of 2009, they were the second-most popular variety of mango sold in the United States, behind the Tommy Atkins.[7]

Ataulfo mangoes have not been sold in significant numbers in Europe because shipping them by air is prohibitively costly.[citation needed] But in December 2014, one United Kingdom importer indicated shipments of Ataulfo mangoes to the UK via seafreight, using a faster shipping service than before and having timed harvesting and the full ripening of the fruit while in transit.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Allen Susser. The Great Mango Book. Ten Speed Press (2001), p. 6 ISBN 1-58008-204-1.
  2. ^ a b Corey Mintz (May 24, 2008). "Sweet news: Ataulfos are in season; It's hard to believe these silky mangoes are related to the stringy variety we see in winter". Toronto Star. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Ataulfo mangoes". Specialty Produce. 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  4. ^ "Mango Variety Granted Appellation of Origin". INTA Bulletin, International Trademark Association. 1 May 2003. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  5. ^ Patrick Hanemann; Nathanael Bourns; Ivana Fertziger (July 2008). "Ataulfo Mango in Chiapas: A Value Chain Analysis" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-24.  (USAID microREPORT #109
  6. ^ Aliza Green. Starting with Ingredients. Running Press (2006), p. 572. ISBN 0-7624-2747-7.
  7. ^ Erica Marcus (June 10, 2009). "Mangoes win in popularity". St Louis Post-Dispatch. 
  8. ^ Watson, Nichola (December 8, 2014). "First seafreight Ataulfo mangoes to UK". FreshPlaza.com. Retrieved 2015-05-15.