Ataulfo mango (left), Tommy Atkins (right)
The Ataúlfo, also called young, baby, yellow, honey, Adaulfo, Adolfo, or Champagne is a mango cultivar from Mexico. Ataulfo mangos are golden yellow and generally weigh between 6 and 10 ounces (170 and 280 g), with a somewhat sigmoid (oblong) shape and a gold-blushed yellow skin. Their buttery flesh is not fibrous, and they have a thin pit. Their flesh is a deep yellow and high in sugar (15 grams per 100-gram serving), with a rich, sweet flavor. They were named for grower Ataulfo Morales Gordillo.
In 1958, the agronomist Hector Cano Flores (the discoverer of Ataulfo mango) reportedly made a clone of an Ataulfo mango which he named IMC-M2.
In 2003, the Mexican government, through the Official Gazette, published Comunicado No. 14 – 2003 titled “Abstract of the application for the declaration (protection) of the Appellation of Origin: Mango Ataulfo del Soconusco Chiapas,” a declaration that the term “Mango Ataulfo del Soconusco Chiapas” is an appellation of origin for a specific kind of mango fruit produced in several regions of Chiapas, Mexico where the Ataulfo was first grown by Ataulfo Morales Gordillo.
The fruit grows in warm, moist climates with summer rains, but monsoon temperatures must not decline to 41 °F. The proper temperature for this type of mango is 83 °F with rainfall between 1090–3000 mm annually, from April to October.
The Ataulfo mangoes originate in the Mexican states of Michoacan, Sinaloa, Nayarit, Jalisco, Veracruz and Chiapas, and are sold between March and September. In the Mexican state of Chiapas, mango production was, as of 2008, the sixth most important agricultural activity, based on cultivated surfaces, following corn, beans, coffee, sugar cane and cocoa. Ataulfo production in that state was concentrated in the Soconusco coastal region. Overall, producer organizations estimated that there were 18,000 hectares of Ataulfo mangoes in production in the state.
Ataulfo mangoes gained popularity in the United States beginning in the late 1990s, though they have been a major crop in Mexico for decades. As of 2009, they were the second-most popular variety of mango sold in the United States, behind the Tommy Atkins.
Ataulfo mangoes have not been sold in significant numbers in Europe because shipping them by air is prohibitively costly. But in December 2014, one United Kingdom importer indicated shipments of Ataulfo mangoes to the UK via seafreight, using a faster shipping service than before and having timed harvesting and the full ripening of the fruit while in transit.
- Allen Susser. The Great Mango Book. Ten Speed Press (2001), p. 6 ISBN 1-58008-204-1.
- Corey Mintz (May 24, 2008). "Sweet news: Ataulfos are in season; It's hard to believe these silky mangoes are related to the stringy variety we see in winter". Toronto Star.
- "Ataulfo mangoes". Specialty Produce. 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
- "Mango Variety Granted Appellation of Origin". INTA Bulletin, International Trademark Association. 1 May 2003. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
- Patrick Hanemann; Nathanael Bourns; Ivana Fertziger (July 2008). "Ataulfo Mango in Chiapas: A Value Chain Analysis" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-24. (USAID microREPORT #109
- Aliza Green. Starting with Ingredients. Running Press (2006), p. 572. ISBN 0-7624-2747-7.
- Erica Marcus (June 10, 2009). "Mangoes win in popularity". St Louis Post-Dispatch.
- Watson, Nichola (December 8, 2014). "First seafreight Ataulfo mangoes to UK". FreshPlaza.com. Retrieved 2015-05-15.