Atef crown (hieroglyph)

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Atef Crown
in hieroglyphs
A version of the Atef crown

The ancient Egyptian Atef crown hieroglyph (Egyptian 3tf)[1] is one of a series of language hieroglyphs related to Ancient Egyptian crowns, staves, dress, and the like. While appearing as a hieroglyph, the Atef crown has been more commonly found in iconography in tomb reliefs, wall scenes, statuary, or in representations of the Pharaoh or of gods.

The crown is composed of a double fringe of feathers attached to a white crown-shape, with horizontal ram's horns. The feathers are identified as ostrich from their curl at the upper ends, with a slight flare toward the base (compare this with falcon feathers in two-feather crowns, which are narrow and straight). The Atef crown is particularly associated with the cult of Osiris, who is always pictured wearing a white crown in Atef style, with ostrich feathers.


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Atef Crown
(3tf with determinative)
in hieroglyphs

Many variants of the Atef crown are known, varying with the context in which they were used.

In text[edit]

The crown hieroglyph appears infrequently as an ideogram (as the Atef Crown). The determinative used in the name of the crown is 3tf (atef).

In proper names[edit]

An Atef crown appears in Khufu's name on a golden signet ring.

To the left is a signet ring commemorating Pharaoh Khufu of the 4th Dynasty of Egypt, with the Atef crown as a component at the top of his cartouche name.

This ring was produced in the 26th Dynasty or 27th Dynasty.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Allen, James P. (2010-04-15). Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781139486354. 
  • Budge. An Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary, E.A.Wallace Budge, (Dover Publications), c 1978, (c 1920), Dover edition, 1978. (In two volumes) (softcover, ISBN 0-486-23615-3)