Ateliosis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Ateliosis or ateleiosis is a diagnosis used in the early 1900s to describe patients with short stature. Ateliosis literally means "failure to achieve perfection", and was used to describe proportional dwarfism.[1] The term was popularised by Hastings Gilford, who used the term to refer to forms of dwarfism associated with and without sexual maturation.[2]

Ateliosis was reported as early as 1904 in relation to progeria, a syndrome of premature aging.[3]

According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary it is, “dwarfism associated with anterior pituitary deficiencies and marked by essentially normal intelligence and proportions though often retarded sexual development”.[4] The physical characteristics include: normal facial features, childlike high pitched voice, proportioned body, and abnormal genitalia. Their mental development is normal to slightly delayed. Hastings Gilford originated the term to describe patients with "continuous youth".[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Merimee, T J (1 February 1974). "Isolated Growth Hormone Deficiency and Related Disorders". Annual Review of Medicine. 25 (1): 137–142. doi:10.1146/annurev.me.25.020174.001033. 
  2. ^ "Low Birth Weight Dwarfism". Arch Dis Child. 36 (190): 633–644. 1961. doi:10.1136/adc.36.190.633. PMC 2012814free to read. PMID 13869653. 
  3. ^ Gilford H; Shepherd, RC (1904). "Ateleiosis and progeria: continuous youth and premature old age". British Medical Journal. 2 (5157): 914–8. PMC 1990667free to read. PMID 14409225. 
  4. ^ "Ateliosis." Merriam Webster.com. N.p.,n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2010.
  5. ^ Worster-Drought C.,Archer BW. "A Case of Ateleiosis (Lorain’s Disease)." Proc R Soc Med 20.6 (1927): 771-773. PubMed. Web. 8 Mar. 2010.