Atelopus pulcher

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Atelopus pulcher
Atelopus pulcher (1 - upper view).jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Atelopus
Species: A. pulcher
Binomial name
Atelopus pulcher
Boulenger, 1882[2]

Atelopus pulcher is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to eastern Peru where it is found in the Huallaga River drainage; its range might extend to Ecuador.[3] Its natural habitats are lowland and premontane tropical forests. It is a diurnal and terrestrial species that breeds in streams.[1]

Description[edit]

Atelopus pulcher measures about 35 mm (1.4 in) in snout–vent length. It has a slender body with quite smooth skin. It is blackish brown above, with various light green markings.[4]

Breeding might occur throughout the year. The tadpoles grow to about 6 mm (0.24 in) in body length and 14 mm (0.55 in) in total length. The tadpole is dorso-ventrally flattened and has a large ventral suction disc behind its mouth. It is similar to other Atelopus tadpoles except that its upper beak is shorter than the lower one.[5]

Conservation[edit]

Atelopus pulcher is threatened by chytridiomycosis and habitat loss. It is relatively rare species that is declining in abundance and has disappeared from many known localities.[1] It is sometimes collected for the pet trade, and this might contribute to local declines.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lötters, Stefan (2006). "Atelopus pulcher". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Atelopus pulcher". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 7 November 2012. 
  3. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Atelopus pulcher Boulenger, 1882". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  4. ^ Boulenger, George Albert (1882). Catalogue of the Batrachia Salientia s. Ecaudata in the collection of the British Museum (2nd ed.). London: British Museum (Natural History). p. 154. 
  5. ^ Gascon, Claude (1989). "The tadpole of Atelopus pulcher Boulenger (Annura, Bufonidae) from Manaus, Amazonas" (PDF). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia. 6: 235–239. doi:10.1590/s0101-81751989000200007. 
  6. ^ La Marca, E.; Lips, K. R.; Lotters, S.; Puschendorf, R.; Ibanez, R.; Rueda-Almonacid, J. V.; Schulte, R.; Marty, C.; Castro, F.; Manzanilla-Puppo, J.; Garcia-Perez, J. E.; Bolanos, F.; Chaves, G.; Pounds, J. A.; Toral, E.; Young, B. E. (2005). "Catastrophic population declines and extinctions in Neotropical harlequin frogs (Bufonidae: Atelopus)". Biotropica. 37 (2): 190–201. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2005.00026.x.